Chapter 3 Fluids, Electrolytes, Acid-Base Balance, and Intravenous Therapy Objectives Theory 1. Explain the various functions fluid performs in the body. 2. Describe the body's mechanisms for flu... id regulation. 3. Review three ways in which body fluids are continually being distributed among the body's fluid compartments. 4. Distinguish the signs and symptoms of various electrolyte imbalances. 5. Discuss why older adults have more problems with fluid and electrolyte imbalances. 6. Describe the disorders that cause specific fluid and electrolyte imbalances. 7. Compare the major causes of acid-base imbalances. 8. Apply interventions to correct an acid-base imbalance. 9. Discuss the steps in managing an intravenous infusion. 10. Explain the measures used to prevent the complications of intravenous therapy. 11. Identify intravenous fluids that are isotonic and when they are used. 12. Interpret the principles of intravenous therapy. Clinical Practice 13. Assess patients for signs of dehydration. 14. Correctly assess for and identify edema and signs of overhydration. 15. Apply knowledge of normal laboratory values to recognize electrolyte imbalances. 16. Perform interventions to correct an electrolyte imbalance. 17. Determine whether a patient has an acid-base imbalance. 18. Execute measures to prevent the complications of intravenous therapy. 19. Compare interventions for the care of a patient receiving total parenteral nutrition with those for a patient undergoing intravenous therapy. Key Terms More than half of the human body's weight is water. Throughout life there is a gradual decline in the amount of body water. An infant's body is approximately 77% water, and an older adult's body is about 45% water. Women's bodies have less water than men's. The older adult and the very young are more likely to experience severe consequences with even minor changes in their fluid balance. Fatty tissue does not contain as much water as other tissues; thus the greater the amount of fat in the body, the less the percentage of body water. Maintaining a healthy weight is important in regulating the body's percentage of water. Keeping body fluids within a normal range is especially necessary, because for every cell of every organ, life processes take place within fluid. The nutrients needed for life, reproduction, and the normal functioning of a cell must be dissolved or suspended in water, and the largest part of each cell is fluid. For all of the cell's life processes to take place, there must be a continuous exchange of water, glucose, oxygen, nutrients, electrolytes, and waste products. Water in the body has four main functions: 1. Be a vehicle for the transportation of substances to and from the cells 2. Aid heat regulation by providing perspiration, which evaporates and cools the body 3. Assist in maintenance of hydrogen (H+) balance in the body 4. Serve as a medium for the enzymatic action of digestion [Show More]
Last updated: 1 year ago
Preview 1 out of 69 pages
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX-RN ATI COMPRHENSIVE REVIEW PART 4D PHARMACOLOGY Neurological, Pain, Reproductive, & Complementary (All)
NCLEX-RN ATI COMPRHENSIVE REVIEW PART 4D PHARMACOLOY Neurological, Pain, Reproductive, & Complementary Antianxiety Antidepressants Bipolar Disorder Medications Antipsychotics • ) ADHD...
By Stuvia , Uploaded: Jan 09, 2021
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > C H A P T E R 1 3 Provision of a Safe Environment: From Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN Examination 8th Edition. (Available: https://bit.ly/2HeJuMt ). Contains Practice questions and Answers with the Rationale, Test-Taking Strategy, Level of Cognitive Ability, Client Needs, Integrated Process, Content Area, Health Problem, Priority Concepts and Reference (All)
Priority Concepts Infection, Safety I. Environmental Safety A. Fire safety (see Priority Nursing Actions) 1. Keep open spaces free of clutter. 2. Clearly mark fire exits. 3. Know the locations o...
By SuperSolutions© , Uploaded: Oct 22, 2020
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX Questions - Strategy - Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory Strategy - Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory (All)
NCLEX Questions - Strategy - Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Theory Strategy - Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
By A LEVELS , Uploaded: Sep 02, 2022
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > CGFNS Practice Question » Gastrointestinal Disorders. 200 Most Commonly tested Questions in Power points from Week 1 to 13- NC III (All)
NCLEX-RN & CGFNS Practice Question » Gastrointestinal Disorders Questions in Power points from Week 1 to 13- NC III Adequate nutrition is required for healing after treatment for recurrent aphth ous u...
By STUDY-GUIDENOTES , Uploaded: Aug 26, 2021
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX-RN-Q-A-Flash-Cards-by-Ray-a-Hargrove-Huttel-Kathryn-Cadenhead-Colgro (All)
By alvin , Uploaded: Jan 25, 2021
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX-RN REVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 (All)
NCLEX-RN REVIEW QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 A parent of a 14 month-old is sharing concerns with the nurse. Which statement by a parent would alert a nurse to assess for iron-deficiency anemia in t...
By collie A+ , Uploaded: Oct 07, 2022
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX-RN VERSION V12.35 EXAM (Questions and Answers with Explanations) (All)
NCLEX-RN VERSION V12.35 EXAM (Questions and Answers with Explanations) NCLEX-RN TEST BANK QUESTIONS V12.35(CONTAINS 865 QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS) NO.1 A depressed client is seen at the mental health...
By 1exampro , Uploaded: Jun 03, 2022
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > 2021 NCLEX RN Uworld Comprehensive Study Guide 100 Pages (All)
2021 NCLEX RN Uworld Comprehensive Study Guide 100 Pages2021 NCLEX RN Uworld Comprehensive Study Guide 100 Pages2021 NCLEX RN Uworld Comprehensive Study Guide 100 Pages2021 NCLEX RN Uworld Comprehensi...
By NurseGrade , Uploaded: Aug 04, 2021
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX RN ACTUAL EXAM TEST BANK OF REAL QUESTIONS & ANSWERS NCLEX 2023/2024 (All)
NCLEX RN ACTUAL EXAM TEST BANK OF REAL QUESTIONS & ANSWERS NCLEX 2023/2024 NCLEX RN ACTUAL EXAM TEST BANK OF REAL QUESTIONS & ANSWERS NCLEX 2023/2024 NCLEX RN ACTUAL EXAM TEST BANK OF REAL QUESTIONS...
By GradesProff , Uploaded: Jul 19, 2023
*NURSING> NCLEX-RN > NCLEX-RN Practice Quiz With Solutions. (All)
Delegation Correct Answer Right Person, Right Task, Right Circumstance, Right Communication, Right Supervision AP's: vitals and ALDs PN: stable clients and the expected outcome Bleeding Corre...
By Mabuka , Uploaded: Mar 29, 2023
Connected school, study & course
About the document
Aug 24, 2020
Number of pages
This document has been written for:
Aug 24, 2020
Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students
Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.
Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality
Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.
Florida State University
Great way to get paid for all of the hard work!.
It is an excellent site to post assignment.
Florida State University
Awesome and a great way to make money!.
Thank you so much for this nice platform.
University Of South Florida
Great! It is a good place to share knowledge.
University of Windsor
G D Goenka University
It is helpful Platform for offering the notes
Louisiana State University
I love this site, they make everything so easy
Florida State University
Great tool for learning! I wish you success.
In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.
Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·