Anatomy > EXAM > A&P FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (summer 2020) 2 Sets (All)

A&P FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS (summer 2020) 2 Sets

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A&P FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS & ANSWERS • Question 1 Both the epidermis and dermis contain blood vessels. • Question 2 The parasympathetic nervous system is a branch of the ... somatic efferent peripheral nervous system while the sympathetic is a branch of the viscera efferent peripheral nervous system. • Question 3 Which statement is correct regarding the dorsal horn of the spinal cord? • Question 4 Which statement is true regarding the endocrine system? • Question 5 A motor unit is composed of one entire muscle and all the nerves that innervate it.. • Question 6 Which statement is true regarding the skeletal system? • Question 7 Which type of neuroglia cell forms myelin sheaths on axons within the peripheral nervous system? • Question 8 Which of the following is not an effect of the parasympathetic nervous system? • Question 9 Wolff’s law of bone states that bone density is directly related to the stress placed on the bone. • Question 10 Which of the following is a function of cerebrospinal fluid? • Question 11 The epidermis is composed of which type of tissue? • Question 12 Which endocrine hormone is stored in the posterior pituitary and increases the amount of water reabsorbed in the kidneys increasing blood pressure and blood volume? • Question 13 Which statement is true regarding skeletal muscle tissue? • Question 14 All of the following cranial nerves are involved in motor control of eye movement, EXCEPT: • Question 15 Red bone marrow is only found in spongy bone and is involved in hematopoiesis. • Question 16 The cerebellum is primarily involved with conscious thought and emotions. • Question 17 A neurotransmitter bound to a postsynaptic neuron membrane can initiate an action potential. • Question 18 A dermatome is associated with a specific cranial nerve that innervates the body’s skin. • Question 19 Which of the following statements is true regarding the special senses? • Question 20 Which region of the brain stem is associated with nuclei centers that control various autonomic activities such as sneezing, coughing and respiration rate? • Question 21 Blockage of the auditory (Eustachian) tube can result in conductive hearing loss. • Question 22 Which eye condition best describes the vision impairment that occurs when individuals age and the lens becomes less flexibility and the refracted light falls behind the retina? Question 23 What statement is true regarding the peripheral nervous system (PNS)? • Question 24 Which of the following is found in the epidermis layer of skin? • Question 25 Which of the following choices best describes the joint between the fontal bone and parietal bones? • Question 26 Peripheral neuropathy can cause damage to axons of peripheral nerves leading to dysfunction of the conduction of an action potential. • Question 27 Which organelle is responsible for producing adenosine triphosphate (ATP)? • Question 28 Which statement is true regarding a spinal (peripheral) nerve? • Question 29 Which of the following is NOT necessary for muscle contraction to occur? • Question 30 Which statement is true of dendrites? • Question 31 Which statement is true regarding myelin sheaths? • Question 32 All of the following are symptoms of diabetes mellitus, EXCEPT: • Question 33 Grey matter of nerve tissue in a region or collection of nerve cell bodies whose main function is to transmit nerve impulses from one region of the nervous system to another. • Question 34 Which of the following statements is true of the ciliary body of the eye? • Question 35 Which statement is true regarding the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)? • Question 36 Which statement is true regarding the special senses? • Question 37 An increase in the level of thyroid hormone causing a decrease in TRH and TSH is an example of negative feedback. • Question 38 What statement is true regarding reflexes? • Question 39 Hyperthyroidism is commonly caused by insufficient amounts of the element iodine within the body. • Question 40 Which statement is true regarding the neuron synapse? • Question 41 Damage to an upper motor neuron can cause a positive Babinski’s sign. • Question 42 Which statement is true of otitis media? • Question 43 The sense of taste depends upon the binding of food molecules dissolved in saliva onto sensory hair cells. • Question 44 All of the following are symptoms of hypothyroidism, EXCEPT: • Question 45 Which statement is true regarding action potentials? • Question 46 Which of the following statements is true regarding the eye? • Question 47 Which statement is true regarding articulations? • Question 48 Which statement is true of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration? • Question 49 Which bone cell is activated by calcitonin and is responsible for “building” bone tissue? • Question 50 Addison’s disease is due to increased amounts of cortisol being secreted. DOCUMENT 2 • Question 1 Grey matter of nerve tissue is a region or collection of nerve cell bodies whose main function is to transmit nerve impulses from one region of the nervous system to another? • Question 2 Damage to a lower motor neuron can cause a positive Babinski’s sign? • Question 3 What statement is NOT true of epiphyseal plates? • Question 4 Which endocrine hormone is involved with increasing the blood calcium levels of the body? • Question 5 Peripheral neuropathy can cause damage to axons of peripheral nerves leading to dysfunction of the conduction of an action potential? • Question 6 Both the epidermis and dermis contain blood vessels? • Question 7 One of the main functions of the gyri and sulci is to allow for increased surface area of the cerebral cortex? • Question 8 Which of the following is NOT necessary for muscle contraction to occur? • Question 9 Which endocrine hormone, in higher quantities, can suppress the function of the immune system and decrease inflammation of the body? • Question 10 The autonomic nervous system will innervate both internal organs and skeletal muscles? • Question 11 Which statement is true regarding the white matter of the spinal cord? • Question 12 Which statement is NOT true regarding the special senses? • Question 13 What statement is true regarding reflexes? • Question 14 Which statement is correct regarding the dorsal horn of the spinal cord? • Question 15 Which statement is NOT true regarding a spinal (peripheral) nerve? • Question 16 Which statement is NOT true regarding the meninges and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)? • Question 17 What sense organ allows for detection of the position of the head in the gravitational field? • Question 18 Which region of the brain stem is associated with nuclei centers that control various autonomic activities such as sneezing, coughing and respiration rate? • Question 19 This organelle is responsible for producing adenosine triphosphate (ATP)? • Question 20 This endocrine hormone is stored in the posterior pituitary and increases the amount of water reabsorbed in the kidneys increasing blood pressure and blood volume? • Question 21 What statement is NOT true regarding the peripheral nervous system (PNS)? • Question 22 Which statement is NOT true regarding skeletal muscle tissue? • Question 23 Which statement is NOT true regarding myelin sheaths? • Question 24 The spinal cord travels from the foramen magnum of the occipital bone down to the sacrum region? • Question 25 Which statement is true regarding the neuron synapse? • Question 26 Which statement is true regarding action potentials? • Question 27 A neurotransmitter bound to a postsynaptic neuron membrane will affect its permeability of certain ions that will either cause an increase OR decrease ability to initiate an action potential? • Question 28 Both aldosterone and antidiuretic hormones have indirect effects of increasing blood volume and blood pressure? • Question 29 What statement is NOT true of otitis media? • Question 30 Blockage of the auditory (Eustachian) tube can result in conductive hearing loss? • Question 31 The spiral organ contains hair cells that form action potentials when stimulated to allow for the sense of smell to occur? • Question 32 The sense of taste depends upon the binding of food molecules dissolved in saliva onto sensory hair cells? • Question 33 What statement is true regarding the eye? • Question 34 Which statement is NOT true regarding the CNS? • Question 35 Which type of neuroglia cell forms myelin sheaths on axons within the peripheral nervous system? • Question 36 Which cranial nerve is not involved in motor control of eye movement? • Question 37 The cerebellum is primarily involved with conscious thought and emotions? • Question 38 The central nervous system provides neural integration of efferent information transmitted from the autonomic nervous system? • Question 39 What is NOT a symptom of hypothyroidism? • Question 40 A dermatome is associated with a specific cranial nerve that innervates the body’s skin? • Question 41 What statement is NOT true regarding the endocrine system? • Question 42 This sensory region of the cerebrum is involved with the ability to understand written and spoken language? • Question 43 Addison’s disease is due to increased amounts of cortisol being secreted? • Question 44 Which statement is NOT true regarding neurons? • Question 45 What statement is NOT true regarding the special senses? • Question 46 What is NOT true of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration? • Question 47 What is NOT true of the ciliary body and ciliary processes of the eye? • Question 48 Hyperthyroidism is commonly caused by insufficient amounts of the element iodine within the body? Selected Answer: False • Question 49 Which eye condition best describes the vision impairment that occurs when individuals age and the lens becomes less flexibility which causes the refracted light to fall behind the retina? • Question 50 Which of the following is not an effect of the parasympathetic nervous system? • Question 51 Red bone marrow is only found in spongy bone and is involved in hemopoiesis? • Question 52 • Question 53 What is not a symptom of diabetes mellitus? • Question 54 Which statement is NOT true of dendrites? • Question 55 This type of bone cell will breakdown the matrix of the bone tissue and release calcium into the bloodstream? • Question 56 The nerve plexuses of the body allow for individual nerves to have axons from multiple nerve root levels? • Question 57 Which endocrine hormone influences the uterine contractions during pregnancy and stimulates breast milk ejection during breast-feeding? • Question 58 What is not a function of cerebrospinal fluid? • Question 59 • Question 60 The parasympathetic nervous system is a branch of the somatic efferent peripheral nervous system while the sympathetic is a branch of the viscera efferent peripheral nervous system? 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