*NURSING > QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > ESSENTIALS OF PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 7TH EDITION BY MARY C (All)

ESSENTIALS OF PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 7TH EDITION BY MARY C

Document Content and Description Below

Mental Health and Mental Illness CHAPTER OUTLINE Objectives Homework Assignment Introduction Mental Health Mental Illness KEY TERMS anosognosia anticipatory grief anxiety bereavement overl... oad ego defense mechanisms OBJECTIVES Physical and Psychological Responses to Stress Summary and Key Points Review Questions fight-or-flight syndrome grief neurosis psychosis After reading this chapter, the student will be able to: 1. Define mental health and mental illness. 2. Discuss cultural elements that influence attitudes toward mental health and mental illness. HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT 3. Identify physiological responses to stress. 4. Discuss the concepts of anxiety and grief as psychological responses to stress. Please read the chapter and answer the following questions: 1. Explain the concepts of incomprehensibility and cultural relativity. 2. Describe some symptoms of panic anxiety. 3. Jane was involved in an automobile accident in which both her parents were killed. When you ask her about it, she says she has no memory of the accident. What ego defense mechanism is she using? 4. An individual with delayed or inhibited grief is fixed in what stage of the grieving process? The concepts of mental health and mental illness are rooted in the culture of one's society. Some cultures are quite liberal in the range of behaviors that are considered acceptable, whereas others have very little tolerance for behaviors that deviate from the cultural norms. A study of the history of psychiatric care reveals some shocking truths about past treatment of mentally ill individuals. Many were kept in control by means that were cruel and inhumane. Primitive beliefs regarding mental disturbances took several views. Some thought that an individual with mental illness had been dispossessed of his or her soul and that the only way wellness could be achieved was if the soul returned. Others believed 2 that evil spirits or supernatural or magical powers had entered the body. The "cure" for these individuals involved a ritualistic exorcism that often consisted of brutal beatings, starvation, or other torturous means to purge the body of these unwanted forces. Still others considered that the mentally ill individual may have broken a taboo or sinned against another individual or God for which ritualistic purification was required or various types of retribution were demanded. The correlation of mental illness to demonology or witchcraft led to some mentally ill individuals being burned at the stake. This chapter defines mental health and mental illness and describes physical and psychological responses to stress. Symptoms associated with anxiety and grief are presented as major psychological responses in the adaptation to stress. Mental Health A number of theorists have attempted to define the concept of mental health. Many of these theories deal with various aspects of individual functioning. Maslow (1970) emphasized an individual's motivation in the continuous quest for self-actualization. He identified a "hierarchy of needs," the lower needs requiring fulfillment before those at higher levels can be achieved, with self-actualization being fulfillment of one's highest potential. An individual's position within the hierarchy may fluctuate on the basis of life circumstances. For example, an individual facing major surgery who has been working on tasks to achieve self-actualization may become preoccupied, if only temporarily, with the need for physiological safety. A representation of this needs hierarchy is presented in Figure 1-1. Maslow described self-actualization as the state of being "psychologically healthy, fully human, highly evolved, and fully mature." He believed that healthy, or self-actualized, individuals possessed the following characteristics: • An appropriate perception of reality • The ability to accept oneself, others, and human nature • The ability to manifest spontaneity • The capacity for focusing concentration on pro bl em-solving • A need for detachment and desire for privacy • Independence, autonomy, and a resistance to enculturation • An intensity of emotional reaction • A frequency of "peak" experiences that validate the worthwhileness, richness, and beauty of life CHAPTER 1 • Mental Health and Mental Illness 3 SELF-ESTEEM ESTEEM OF OTHERS (The indiv idual seeks self.respect and respect from others, works to achieve success and recognition in work , and desires prestige from accomplishments.) LOVE AND BELONGING (Needs are for giving and receiving of affection , companionship, satisfactory interpersonal relationships, and ident ification with a group.) SAFETY AND SECURITY (Needs at this level are for avoiding harm , maintaining comfort, order , structure, physical safety, freedom from fear, and protection.) PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS (Basic fundamental needs include food , water, air, :>leep, exercise, elimination , shelter , and sexual expression.) FIGURE 1-1 Maslow's hierarchy of needs. • An identification with humankind • The ability to achieve satisfactory interpersonal relationships • A democratic character structure and strong sense of ethics • Creativeness • A degree of nonconformance Black and Andreasen (2014) describe mental health as a state of being that is relative rather than absolute but marked by the successful performance of mental functions. The evidence of successful mental functioning (mental health) is adaptation to change, coping with stressors, fulfilling relationships with others, and the ability to accomplish productive activities. Townsend (2015) defines mental health as "the successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with local and cultural norms" (p. 15). This definition of mental health will be used for purposes of this text. Mental Illness A universal concept of mental illness is difficult to define because of the cultural factors that influence 4 UN IT 1 • Introduction to Psychiatric Mental Health Concepts such a concept. However, certain elements are associated with individuals' perceptions of mental illness regardless of cultural origin. Horwitz (2010) identifies two of these elements as incomprehensibility and cultural relativity. Incomprehensibility relates to the inability of the general population to understand the motivation behind the behavior. When observers are unable to find meaning or comprehensibility in behavior, they are likely to label that behavior as mental illness. The element of cultural relativity considers that the rules, conventions, and understandings about behavior are conceived within an individual's own particular culture. Behavior is categorized as "normal" or "abnormal" according to one's cultural or societal norms. Therefore, a behavior that is recognized as evidence of mental illness in one society may be viewed as normal in another society and vice versa. Horwitz identified a number of cultural aspects of mental illness, which are presented in Box 1-1. BOX 1-1 Cultural Aspeds of Mental Illness 1 . It is usually members of the lay community rather than a psychiatric professional who initially recognize that an individual's behavior deviates from the social norms. 2. People who are related to an individual or who are of the same cultural or social group are less likely than someone who is relationally or culturally distant to label that individual's behavior as mental illness. Family members (or people of the same cultural or social group) try to "normalize" the behavior and try to find an explanation for the behavior. 3. Psychiatrists see a person with mental illness most often when the family members can no longer deny the illness and often when the behavior is at its worst. The local or cultural norms define pathological behavior. 4. Individuals in the lowest socioeconomic class usually display the highest amount of mental illness symptoms. However, they tend to tolerate a wider range of behaviors that deviate from societal norms and are less likely to consider these behaviors as indicative of mental illness. Mental illness labels are most often applied by psychiatric professionals. 5. The higher the social class, the greater the recognition of mental illness behaviors (as defined by societal norms). Members of the higher social classes are likely to be self-labeled or labeled by family memThe American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013) defines mental disorder as a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognitions, emotional regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the psychological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning. Mental disorders are usually associated with significant distress or disability in social, occupational, or other important activities. An expected or culturally approved response to a common stressor or loss such as the death of a loved one is not a mental disorder . (p. 20) Townsend (2015) defines mental illness as "maladaptive responses to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are incongruent with the local and cultural norms, and interfere with the individual's social, occupational, and/ or physical functioning" (p. 16). bers or friends. Psychiatric assistance is sought soon after the first signs of emotional disturbance. 6. The more highly educated the person, the greater the recognition of mental illness be..............................continued [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of  pages

Reviews( 0 )

Recommended For You

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > ATI Test Bank Fortinash Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition, Latest Questions and Answers with Explanations, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A (All)

preview
ATI Test Bank Fortinash Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition, Latest Questions and Answers with Explanations, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A

ATI Test Bank Fortinash Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition, Latest Questions and Answers with Explanations, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A

By Tracy0777 , Uploaded: Jul 01, 2021

$30

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > TEST BANK FOR PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 6TH EDITION BY VIDEBECK1 (All)

preview
TEST BANK FOR PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 6TH EDITION BY VIDEBECK1

TEST BANK FOR PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING 6TH EDITION BY VIDEBECK1. The nurse is assessing the factors contributing to the well-being of a newly admitted client. Which of the following would...

By Maxquizer , Uploaded: Jun 03, 2021

$7

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > ATI Test Bank for Medical Surgical Nursing 7th Edition by Linton (2021), (A Grade), Questions and Answers, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A (All)

preview
ATI Test Bank for Medical Surgical Nursing 7th Edition by Linton (2021), (A Grade), Questions and Answers, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A

ATI Test Bank for Medical Surgical Nursing 7th Edition by Linton (2021), (A Grade), Questions and Answers, All Correct Study Guide, Download to Score A

By Study Hacks , Uploaded: May 23, 2021

$25

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > TEST BANK Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th edition by Shelia Videbeck |Chapter 1-24 Complete TestBank| (All)

preview
TEST BANK Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th edition by Shelia Videbeck |Chapter 1-24 Complete TestBank|

TEST BANK Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th edition by Shelia Videbeck TEST BANK Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing 8th edition by VIDEBECK Table of contents UNIT 1 Current Theories and Practice •...

By kian biden , Uploaded: Jan 15, 2023

$8

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > TEST BANK FOR DAVIS ADVANTAGE FOR PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, 10TH EDITION, KARYN I. MORGAN, MARY C. TOWNSEND, ISBN-13: 9780803699670 (All)

preview
TEST BANK FOR DAVIS ADVANTAGE FOR PSYCHIATRIC MENTAL HEALTH NURSING, 10TH EDITION, KARYN I. MORGAN, MARY C. TOWNSEND, ISBN-13: 9780803699670

MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A client has experienced the death of a close family member and at the same timebecomes unemployed. The client’s 6-month score on the Recent Life Changes Questionnaire is 110. The n...

By Dickson , Uploaded: Sep 03, 2023

$12.5

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > Test Bank for Varcarolis Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 5th Edition Fosbre / All Chapters 1-28 / Full Complete (All)

preview
Test Bank for Varcarolis Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 5th Edition Fosbre / All Chapters 1-28 / Full Complete

Varcarolis Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 5th Edition Fosbre Test Bank Test Bank for Varcarolis Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 5th Edition Fosbre / All Chapters 1-28...

By Dickson , Uploaded: Oct 17, 2023

$8

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > Test Bank For Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women's Health Nursing 7th Edition by Sharon Smith Murray; Emily Slone McKinney | 2019/2020 | 9780323398947 | Chapter 1-27 | Complete Questions and Answers A+ (All)

preview
Test Bank For Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women's Health Nursing 7th Edition by Sharon Smith Murray; Emily Slone McKinney | 2019/2020 | 9780323398947 | Chapter 1-27 | Complete Questions and Answers A+

Excel in maternal-newborn and women's health nursing exams with the 'Test Bank for Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women's Health Nursing' 7th Edition by Sharon Smith Murray and Emily Slone McKinn...

By Dickson , Uploaded: Oct 15, 2023

$9

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th Edition Concepts of Care in Evidence- Based Practice 8th Edition Morgan Townsend Test Bank | Latest 2023 (All)

preview
Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th Edition Concepts of Care in Evidence- Based Practice 8th Edition Morgan Townsend Test Bank | Latest 2023

Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 8th Edition Concepts of Care in Evidence- Based Practice 8th Edition Morgan Townsend Test Bank Chapter 1. Mental Health and Mental Illness Multiple...

By Johnpaul kibet , Uploaded: Oct 16, 2023

$23

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > Test Bank For Davis Advantage for Townsend’s Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 9th Edition Karyn Morgan (All)

preview
Test Bank For Davis Advantage for Townsend’s Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing 9th Edition Karyn Morgan

Chapter 1: Mental Health and Mental Illness Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A nurse is assessing a client who expe...

By Danny129 , Uploaded: Mar 08, 2024

$6

 *NURSING> QUESTIONS and ANSWERS > Test bank psychiatric mental health nursing 7th edition videbeck Complete (All)

preview
Test bank psychiatric mental health nursing 7th edition videbeck Complete

Test bank psychiatric mental health nursing 7th edition videbeck Complete

By Dickson , Uploaded: Jan 27, 2024

$6.5

$9.00

Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

GET ASSIGNMENT HELP
2
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course



About the document


Uploaded On

Aug 18, 2021

Number of pages

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
PHISHER

Member since 2 years

81 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Aug 18, 2021

Downloads

 0

Views

 2

Document Keyword Tags

THE BEST STUDY GUIDES

Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students

custom preview

Avoid examination resits

Your fellow students know the appropriate material to use to deliver high quality content. With this great service and assistance from fellow students, you can become well prepared and avoid having to resits exams.

custom preview

Get the best grades

Your fellow student knows the best materials to research on and use. This guarantee you the best grades in your examination. Your fellow students use high quality materials, textbooks and notes to ensure high quality

custom preview

Earn from your notes

Get paid by selling your notes and study materials to other students. Earn alot of cash and help other students in study by providing them with appropriate and high quality study materials.

WHAT STUDENTS SAY ABOUT US


What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·