*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > NURS 325|Complex / Doris Turner Med Math Questions complete solutions, Summer 2021 100 % PASS (All)

Complex / Doris Turner Med Math Questions 1. Problem type: IV infusion rate + infusion pump Medication: azithromycin PROBLEM Suppose Mrs. Turner’s orders call for 500 mg of azithromycin to be ... administered intravenously for communityacquired pneumonia. The solution has been diluted to a concentration of 2 mg/mL and needs to be administered over 1 hour. At what rateshould the infusion pump be set? HINT Start by figuring out how many milliliters will be needed to administer the ordered dose. SAMPLE SOLUTION 1. Determine how many milliliters of the concentration will be delivered to administer the ordered dose. 500 mg x 1 mL = 250 mL 2 mg 2. Divide the total number of mL needed to deliver the 500 mg by the expected duration of 1 hour. 250 mL = 250 mL/hr 1 hr ANSWER Number: 250 Units / Rate: mL/hr 2. Problem type: Dosage calculation + Stock on hand Medication: venlafaxine PROBLEM Mrs. Turner’s daily medications include venlafaxine extendedrelease, 150 mg, by mouth, once a day. However, the hospital pharmacy only carries 75 mg extendedrelease tablets. How many tablets of venlafaxine extendedreleaseshould be administered to her? HINT You can use the equation below, where X is the number of tablets that should be administered. D (ordered dose) x Quantity = X H (dose on hand) SAMPLE SOLUTION 1. Determine what information you have. D (ordered dose) = 150 mg H (dose on hand) = 75 mg Q (quantity) = 1 tablet 2. Plug into the equation and solve. D (150 mg) x 1 tablet = X H (75 mg) X = 2 tablets ANSWER Number: 2 Units: tablets 3. Problem type: Total daily dosage Medication: Acetaminophen @ hospital hypothetical Suppose Mrs. Turner’s provider updated her order for 325 mg, 2 tabs, by mouth q6h PRN temp. > 100.5 F to 325 mg, 2 tabs, by mouth q4h PRN temp. > 100.5 F. The Davis’s Drug Guide reports that acetaminophen has a maximum recommended dosage of 4 g/day. How many dosescan Mrs. Turner take without exceeding the recommended maximum dosage? HINT There are 1000 mg in one gram. SAMPLE SOLUTION 1. Determine how many milligrams are in 4 grams. 4 g x 1000 mg = 4000 mg 1 g 2. Determine how many 325 mg tablets go into 4000 mg. 4000 mg x 1 tablet = 12.3 tablets 325 mg 3. Round down to the nearest whole tablet = 12 tablets 4. Divide the total number of tablets by the number tablets in a dose. 12 tablets total x 1 dose = 6 doses 2 tablets ANSWER Number: 6 Units: doses 4. Problem type: Total daily dose calculation Medication: acetaminophen @ hospital PROBLEM Suppose Mrs. Turner’s current temperature is 100.8 F. For temperatures greater than 100.5 F, the prescriber’s order allows acetaminophen, 325 mg, 2 tabs, by mouth, every 6 hours. Assume that on her first day of hospitalization, Mrs. Turner’s temperature is greater than 100.5 F three times. How many grams of acetaminophenwill she have ingested on her first day of hospitalization? Round your answer to hundredths. HINT Multiply the number of taken doses by the number of tablets. SAMPLE SOLUTION 1. Multiply the number of doses taken by the number of tablets per dose. 3 doses x 2 tablets = 6 tablets 1 dose 2. Multiply the dosage of acetaminophen by the number of tablets. 6 tablets x 325 mg = 1950 mg 1 tablet 3. Convert the total daily milligrams to grams. 1950 mg x 1 g = 1.95 g 1000 mg ANSWER Number: 1.95 Units: g 5. Problem type: Dosage calculation + Stock on hand Medication: potassium chloride PROBLEM Mrs. Turner’s daily medications include potassium chloride, 10 mEq tablet by mouth once daily. The hospital pharmacy will dispense potassium chloride liquid 10% (1.5 gram or 20 mEq per 15 mL). The KCl liquid will be further diluted in a 6 oz glass of water or juice for administration. What volume of the KCl 10% liquid should be used for Mrs. Turner’s usual daily dose? HINT Multiply the desired dose by the concentration. SAMPLE SOLUTION 1. Multiply the desired dose by the concentration. 10 mEq x 15 mL = 7.5 mL of KCl 10% liquid day 20 mEq day ANSWER Number: 7.5 Units: mL / day [Show More]

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