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Exam |Elaborated| NR-283 Pathophysiology Exam 1 Concept Review-2021

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NR-283 Pathophysiology- Exam 1 Concept ReviewNR 283 Pathophysiology Exam 1 Concepts to Review Cellular Biology/Cellular Adaptation/Cellular Injury Chapter 1 and 3 8 functions of cells o Movement – m... uscle cells generate force to produce motion o Conductivity – As a response to a stimulus. This is the chief function of nerve cells o Metabolic Absorption – take in and use nutrients o Secretion – with mucous gland cells – absorb substances to be secreted elsewhere o Excretion – Rid themselves of waste products o Respiration – Absorb oxygen to transform nutrients to energy o Reproduction – New cells produced to replace those lost o Communication – vital for cells to survive as a society (think Osmosis Jones movie) ATP • ATP or adenosine triphosphate plays a major role in that • ATP is a molecule that stores and transfers energy for the functioning of our cells • Specifically it is used in the synthesis (creation) of molecules, muscle contractions, and active transport Mitochondria the main job of the mitochondria is that it produces most of the cell’s ATP or energy. Cellular metabolism There are 2 parts to metabolism: • Anabolism • The energy using processNR-283 Pathophysiology- Exam 1 Concept ReviewNR 283 Pathophysiology Exam 1 Concepts to Review Cellular Biology/Cellular Adaptation/Cellular Injury Chapter 1 and 3 8 functions of cells o Movement – muscle cells generate force to produce motion o Conductivity – As a response to a stimulus. This is the chief function of nerve cells o Metabolic Absorption – take in and use nutrients o Secretion – with mucous gland cells – absorb substances to be secreted elsewhere o Excretion – Rid themselves of waste products o Respiration – Absorb oxygen to transform nutrients to energy o Reproduction – New cells produced to replace those lost o Communication – vital for cells to survive as a society (think Osmosis Jones movie) ATP • ATP or adenosine triphosphate plays a major role in that • ATP is a molecule that stores and transfers energy for the functioning of our cells • Specifically it is used in the synthesis (creation) of molecules, muscle contractions, and active transport Mitochondria the main job of the mitochondria is that it produces most of the cell’s ATP or energy. Cellular metabolism There are 2 parts to metabolism: • Anabolism • The energy using process [Show More]

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