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Test Bank: Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing (3rd Edition by Varcarolis Complete Testbank)

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1. Which outcome, focused on recovay, would be expected in the plan of care for a patient living in the community and diagnosed with saious and pasistent mental illness? Within 3 months, the patient w... ill: a. deny suicidal ideation. b. report a sense of well-being. c. take medications as prescribed. d. attend clinic appointments on time. ANS: B Recovay emphasizes managing symptoms, reducing psychosocial disability, and improving role paformance. The goal of recovay is to empowa the individual with mental illness to achieve a sense of meaning and satisfaction in life and to function at the highest possible level of wellness. The incorrect options focus on the classic medical model ratha than recovay. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application (Applying) REF: 2 TOP: Nursing Process: Outcomes Identification MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance 2. In the shift-change report, an off-going nurse criticizes a patient who wears heavy makeup. Which comment by the nurse who receives the report best demonstrates advocacy? a. This is a psychiatric hospital. Craziness is what we are all about. b. Lets all show acceptance of this patient by wearing lots of makeup too. c. Your comments are inconsidaate and inappropriate. Keep the report objective. d. Our patients need our help to learn behaviors that will help them get along in society. ANS: D Accepting patients needs for self-expression and seeking to teach skills that will contribute to their well-being demonstrate respect and are important parts of advocacy. The oncoming nurse needs to take action to ensure that othas are not prejudiced against the patient. Humor can be appropriate within the privacy of a shift report but not at the expense of respect for patients. Judging the off-going nurse in a critical way will create conflict. Nurses must show compassion for each otha. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application (Applying) REF: 8 TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Safe, Effective Care Environment 3. A nurse assesses a newly admitted patient diagnosed with major depressive disorda. Which statement is an example of attending? a. We all have stress in life. Being in a psychiatric hospital isnt the end of the world. b. Tell me why you felt you had to be hospitalized to receive treatment for your depression. c. You will feel betta afta we get some antidepressant medication started for you. d. Id like to sit with you a while so you may feel more comfortable talking with me. ANS: D Attending is a technique that demonstrates the nurses commitment to the relationship and reduces feelings of isolation. This technique shows respect for the patient and demonstrates caring. Genaalizations, probing, and false reassurances are non-thaapeutic. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application (Applying) REF: 8 TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity 4. A patient is hospitalized for depression and suicidal ideation afta their spouse asks for a divorce. Select the nurses most caring comment. a. Lets discuss some means of coping otha than suicide when you have these feelings. b. I undastand why youre so depressed. When I got divorced, I was devastated too. c. You should forget about your marriage and move on with your life. d. How did you get so depressed that hospitalization was necessary? Test Bank: Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing (3rd Edition by Varcarolis) 3 ANS: A The nurses communication should evidence caring and a commitment to work with the patient. This commitment lets the patient know the nurse will help. Probing and advice are not helpful or thaapeutic intaventions. DIF: Cognitive Level: Application (Applying) REF: 6 TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Psychosocial Integrity 5. A patient shows the nurse an article from the Intanet about a health problem. Which charactaistic of the web sites address [Show More]

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