*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > NR511 Midterm Study Guide Worksheet, (All)

NR511 Midterm Study Guide Worksheet,

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Appendicitis -Most common between 10-30yrs; but can occur at any age; rare in infants and older adults -men more at risk - Diets low in fiber, high in fat, refined sugars, & other carbs at increased... risk. - Obstruction of appendix is cause of majority of appendicitis - contributing factors: Intra-abdominal tumors, positive family hx - Recent roundworm infection or viral GI infection -Dx made clinically, based primarily on H&P exam - Classic presentation includes acute onset of mild to severe colicky, epigastric, or periumbilical pain - Pain is vague at first then localizes within 24hrs to RLQ - Pain exacerbated by walking\coughing - Men may feel radiated pain in testes - Abd muscle rigidity, N\V, anorexia - Mildly elevated temp 99-100F common - If RLQ accompanied by shaking chills, perforation should be suspected - Older adults may present with weakness, anorexia, abd distention, mild pain leading to delayed dx and increased morbidity. -May have HTN\tachy proportional to pain\symptoms -When lying flat, may flex R knee to relieve tension in abd muscle -Pain with palpation in abd, diffuse in early stages. Localized to RLQ later -Positive for rebound pain; ask pt to cough to localize pain location -Sudden cessation of pain means perforation and is ER -Labs are not diagnostic and nonspecific -Women should have urine human chorionic gonadotrophin to r\o ectopic pregnancy - +Rovsing’s Sign- deep palpation & release in LLQ causes rebound pain in RLQ - +Psoas Sign- lift R leg against gentle pressure causes pain - +Obturator Sign- flex R hip & knee and slowly rotate internally causes pain - +McBurney’s Sign- pain with pressure applied to point between umbilicus & ilium - x-ray\CT helpful when paired with positive H&P findings -Surgical; preoperative care, NPO, correction of fluid\electrolyte imbalances -Avoid narcotics -Atb with 3rd gen cephalosporin; Ex: ampicillin, gentamycin, flagyl -F\U with surgeon -Ambulation after surgery -Adv diet when bowel sounds return -Return to hosp with s\s of infection -Avoid heavy lifting for at least 2 wks [Show More]

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