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Fundamentals of Nursing Care: Concepts, Connections & Skills Edition 3 Test Bank

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The first practicing nurse epidemiologist was a. Florence Nightingale. b. Mildred Montag. c. Clara Barton. d. Mary Agnes Snively. ANS: A Nightingale was the first practicing nurse epidemiologist... . Her statistical analyses connected poor sanitation with cholera and dysentery. Mildred Montag, Clara Barton, and Mary Agnes Snively came after Nightingale, each contributing to the nursing profession in her own way. Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross. Dr. Mildred Montag established the first associate degree nursing program in 1952. Mary Agnes Snively began forming the Canadian National Association of Trained Nurses in 1883. 2. The American Red Cross was founded by a. Florence Nightingale. b. Harriet Tubman. c. Clara Barton. d. Mary Mahoney. ANS: C In 1882, the United States ratified the American Red Cross, founded by Clara Barton. Florence Nightingale established the Training School for Nurses in London, England, in 1860. Harriet Tubman was active in the Underground Railroad movement during the American Civil War. Mary Mahoney was the first professionally trained African American nurse. Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material 3. Nurses working in the Henry Street Settlement in 1893 were among the first nurses to demonstrate autonomy in practice. This was because those nurses a. Had no ability to work in the hospital setting. b. Were required to use critical thinking skills. c. Focused solely on healing the very ill. d. Planned their care around research findings. ANS: B In 1893, nurses working in the Henry Street Settlement were some of the first to demonstrate autonomy in practice because they encountered situations that required quick and innovative problem solving and critical thinking, and provided therapies aimed at maintaining wellness, as well as curing the ill. Nursing hospitals expanded in the late nineteenth century and were major providers of nursing care. Not until the early twentieth century was there a movement toward a scientific, research-based body of nursing knowledge. 4. In 1923, the Goldmark Report was an important study that a. Formed formal nurse midwifery programs. b. Established the Center for Ethics and Human Rights. c. Revised the ANA code of ethics. d. Led to the development of the Yale School of Nursing. ANS: D In 1923, the Goldmark Report identified the need for increased financial support for university- based schools of nursing. As a result, the Yale School of Nursing was developed. Graduate nurse midwifery programs did not come into existence until the 1940s, and the Center for Ethics and Human Rights was founded in 1990. The ANA code of ethics was published in 1985 and was last updated in 2001. 5. The major difference between a baccalaureate degree nursing program and an associates degree nursing program is that the baccalaureate program includes studies in http://www.nursylab.com Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material a. Basic sciences and theoretical courses. b. Social sciences and humanities. c. Theoretical and clinical courses. d. Basic sciences and clinical courses. ANS: B Both associates degree programs and baccalaureate programs focus on basic sciences and on theoretical and clinical courses. Baccalaureate programs, however, also focus on courses in the social sciences, arts, and humanities to support nursing theory. 6. The nurse has been working in the clinical setting for several years as an advanced practice nurse and has earned her masters degree as a family nurse practitioner. However, she seems unfulfilled and has a strong desire to do research. To fulfill her desire, the nurse most likely would apply to attend a program that would lead to a a. Doctor of Nursing Science degree (DNSc). b. Doctor of Philosophy degree (PhD). c. Doctor of Nursing Practice degree (DNP). d. Doctor in the Science of Nursing degree (DSN). ANS: B PhD programs emphasize basic research and theory and are research oriented. Professional doctoral programs in nursing (DSN or DNSc) prepare graduates to apply research findings to clinical nursing. The DNP is a practice doctorate that prepares advanced practice nurses such as nurse practitioners. 7. The nurse is caring for her patients and is focused on managing their care as opposed to managing and performing skills. This nurse demonstrates which level of proficiency according to Benner? a. Novice b. Competent http://www.nursylab.com Stuvia.com - The Marketplace to Buy and Sell your Study Material c. Proficient d. Expert ANS: C The proficient nurse focuses on managing care as opposed to managing and performing skills. The novice nurse deals with a specific set of rules or procedures, which are usually stepwise and linear. The competent nurse understands the organization and the specific care required by specific types of patients and has experience with psychomotor skills. The expert nurse identifies patient-centered problems, as well as problems related to the health care system. 8. Which of the following resources guides faculty on structure and evaluation of the nursing curriculum? a. ANAs Standards of Nursing Practice b. Essentials of Baccalaureate Education c. NLNAC Interpretive Guidelines d. Standards of Professional Performance ANS: B The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) published Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for [Show More]

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