Health Care > EXAM > PHIL 347N WEEK 6 CHECKPOINT QUIZ (All)

PHIL 347N WEEK 6 CHECKPOINT QUIZ

Document Content and Description Below

PHIL 347N WEEK 6 CHECKPOINT QUIZ. Question 1 4 / 4 pts What are the three fundamental reasoning strategies listed in the text? Your Answer: Comparative reasoning Ideological reasoning Empirical re... asoning Question 2 6 / 6 pts What is comparative reasoning? On what skill is it based? Your Answer: Comparative reasoning is a form of thinking where you basically compare two things (this is like that). This form of reasoning enables human to interpret thing, draw inferences, or offer explanations. Comparative reasoning is based on critical thinking skills. You compare your knowledge of what you know to what you don't know. Question 3 20 / 20 pts We learned four tests for evaluating arguments: truthfulness of the premises, logical strength, relevance, and non-circularity. How well do these tests work with respect to evaluating comparative reasoning? Consider each of the four tests. Your Answer: According to the textbook, the four tests for evaluating arguments are not the best when evaluating comparative reasoning. In the case of the first test, using the terms "true" or "false" do not provide enough clarity for evaluating comparisons, which are the two main terms used in the first test. In the second test of evaluating arguments, there are too many cases where points of dissimilarity and similarity are both shown. Therefore, the second test does not work well with respect to evaluating comparative reasoning. The third test is not appropriate for evaluating comparative reasoning either. Because of how the analogies are worded in comparative reasoning, it is up to the maker of the analogy to explain how the comparison is relevant. Lastly, in the case of the fourth test, it does not work either. In comparative reasoning, there is something unfamiliar. If something is unfamiliar, it is hard to connect the premise and the conclusion. In the case of business and war, war is very unfamiliar to many businesspeople. Therefore, it would be difficult to apply the fourth test. In conclusion, the four test for evaluating arguments do not work with respect to evaluating comparative reasoning. Question 4 10 / 10 pts What are the five criteria for evaluating comparative reasoning? Name and define them in your own words. Your Answer: Familiarity: the amount of knowledge that the listener has about the object that is being compared to an unfamiliar object. Simplicity: simplicity is the measure of exactly how complex the comparison is Comprehensiveness: the degree to which a comparison has more key features Productivity: the ability of a comparison to spark new ideas that go beyond the previous comparison Testability: ability of a comparison to predict consequences that could possibly be false/inaccurate Question 5 10 / 10 pts According to the text, the basic question to ask when evaluating a comparison between two objects or ideas or events is “Are they alike enough in the important ways or not?” (p. 248). What are those “important ways” that determine the credibility of conclusions based on similarities? Your Answer: The more persuasive the key similarities are, the more relevant the comparison is. Therefore, the conclusion will be more credible based on those similarities. [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 4 pages

Add to cart

Instant download

We Accept:

We Accept
document-preview

Buy this document to get the full access instantly

Instant Download Access after purchase

Add to cart

Instant download

We Accept:

We Accept

Reviews( 0 )

$12.00

Add to cart

We Accept:

We Accept

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

REQUEST DOCUMENT
63
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course


About the document


Uploaded On

Jan 04, 2022

Number of pages

4

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
professor chue

Member since 2 years

22 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Jan 04, 2022

Downloads

 0

Views

 63

Document Keyword Tags

More From professor chue

View all professor chue's documents »

Recommended For You

Get more on EXAM »

$12.00
What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·