Health Care > Solutions Guide > 566 Midterm Study Guide|NR 566 midterm 2021-Chamberlain College of Nursing (All)

566 Midterm Study Guide|NR 566 midterm 2021-Chamberlain College of Nursing

Document Content and Description Below

WEEK 1 -Things to know about each of the major antibiotic drug classes · Contraindications and high-risk patients · Know examples of each of the major antibiotic drug classes · Monitoring needs · ... Which ones require renal dosing adjustments and how much (i.e., 25%, 50%, etc.) · Patient education · Lifespan considerations including pregnancy · Indications for use Penicillins  caution with patients allergic reactions to penicillins, cephalosporins, or carbapenems  Treats infection cause by sensitive bacteria check culture to identify infecting organism  Can order skin test to assess allergy status  adjusted doses for patients with impaired renal fnx NARROW SPECTRUM PENICILLINS: PENICILLIN SENSITIVE(PEN G &PEN V) - Mechanism of Action : “Bactericidal”- Weakens the cell wall, causing bacteria to take up excessive amounts of water and rupture. Occurs by two actions simultaneously: inhibiting transpeptidases and activating autolysins which disrupts synthesis of the cell wall and promotes the active destruction resulting in cell lysis and death. -Examples: Penicillin G (Prototype Drug), Penicillin V, Nafcillin, Oxacillin, Dicloxacillin, Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Piperacillin Penicillin G- -First Penicillin Available and often referred to plainly as Penicillin -Bactericidal for gram negative and gram positive bacteria -Should be taken with medications whereas Penicillin V is stable in stomach acids. -Side Effects: Allergic reactions, pain at IM injection sites, prolonged (but reversible) sensory and motor dysfunction if injected into peripheral nerves, and neurotoxicity (seizures, confusion, hallucinations- if levels too high) . -Life Span Considerations: *Infants- Used safely in infants with bacterial infections including syphilis, meningitis, & group A streptococcus *Children/Adolescents- Common drug used to treat bacterial infections in children. *Pregnant- No well controlled studies but evidence suggests no 2nd or 3rd trimester fetal risk. *Breastfeeding- Amoxicillin is safe. Data is lacking about transmission of other PCNs from mother to infant through breast milk. *Older Adults- Doses should be adjusted in older adults with renal dysfunction...............................continued [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 34 pages

Reviews( 0 )

$10.00

Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

GET ASSIGNMENT HELP
104
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course


About the document


Uploaded On

Jan 25, 2022

Number of pages

34

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
Proven

Member since 2 years

3 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Jan 25, 2022

Downloads

 0

Views

 104

Document Keyword Tags

Recommended For You


$10.00
What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·