*NURSING > EXAM > NR 305x HESI Review Questions and Answers Grade A+ (All)

NR 305x HESI Review Questions and Answers Grade A+

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An antacid (Maalox) is prescribed for a client with peptic ulcer disease. The nurse knows that the purpose of this medication is to In evaluating the effects of lactulose (Cephulac), which outcome wo... uld indicate ............. performing as intended? The healthcare provider prescribes digitalis (Digoxin) for a client diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Which intervention should the nurse .............. intervention should the nurse implement prior to administering the digoxin? Following the administration of sublingual nitroglycerin to a client experiencing ............. finding indicates to the nurse that the desired effect has been achieved? A client with congestive heart failure (CHF) is being discharged with a new p............. enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril (Capoten). The nurse's discharge instruction should include reporting which problem to the healthcare provider? A client is being treated for hyperthyroidism with propylthiouracil (PTU). The nurse knows that the action of this drug is to: A client with Parkinson's disease is taking carbidopa-levodopa (Sinemet). Which ............. desired outcome of the medication is being achieved? Following heparin treatment for a pulmonary embolism, a client is being ............. conducting discharge teaching, the nurse advises the client to have which diagnostic test monitored regularly after discharge? A postoperative client has been receiving a continuous IV infusion of meperidine (Demerol) 35 mg/hr for ............. confused, stating that there are bugs all over the walls. What action should the nurse take first? A client is being treated for osteoporosis with alendronate (Fosamax), and the ............. nurse that the client teaching has been effective? A client is receiving metoprolol (Lopressor SR). What assessment is most important for the nurse to obtain? A client with a dysrhythmia is to receive procainamide (Pronestyl) in 4 divided ............. schedule is best for the nurse to implement? Which action is most important for the nurse to implement prior to the administration of the antiarrhythmic drug adenosine (Adenocard)? A client has a continuous IV infusion of dopamine (Intropin) and an IV ............. client's urinary output has been 20 ml/hour for the last two hours. Which intervention should the nurse initiate? A client who was prescribed atorvastatin (Lipitor) one month ago calls the triage ............. reflects the correct drug-specific teaching the nurse should provide to this client? Which nursing diagnosis is important to include in the plan of care for a client receiving the angiotensin-2 receptor antagonist Irbesartan (Avapro)? A client is receiving clonidine (Catapres) 0.1 mg/24hr via transdermal ............. that the desired effect of the medication has been achieved? A client is receiving methylprednisolone (Solu-Medrol) 40 mg IV ............. laboratory value as the result of this medication? An adult client has prescriptions for morphine sulfate 2.5 mg IV q6h and ketorolac ............. should the nurse implement? A client's dose of isosorbide dinitrate (Imdur) is increased from 40 mg to 60 mg ............. headache prior to the next scheduled dose, which action should the nurse implement? When assessing an adolescent who recently overdosed on acetaminophen ............. to assess for pain in which area of the body? Which antidiarrheal agent should be used with caution in clients taking high dosages of aspirin for arthritis? The nurse is assessing the effectiveness of high dose aspirin therapy ............. reports that she can't hear the nurse's questions because her ears are ringing. What action should the nurse implement? The nurse is reviewing the use of the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) pump with a ............. morphine 1 mg IV per hour basal rate with 1 mg IV every 15 minutes per PCA to total 5 mg IV maximally per hour. What assessment has the highest priority before initiating the PCA pump? The healthcare provider prescribes naloxone (Narcan) for a client in the emergency ............. has been effective? The client's: A client is admitted to the hospital for diagnostic testing for possible myasthenia ............. administration of edrophonium chloride (Tensilon). What is the expected outcome for this client following administration of this pharmacologic agent? A client who has been taking levodopa PO TID to control the symptoms of Parkinson's disease has a new prescription for sustained ............. (Sinemet 25/100) PO BID. The client took his levodopa at 0800. Which instruction should the nurse include in the teaching plan for this client? While taking a nursing history, the client states, "I am allergic to penicillin." What related ............. antiinfective agent should the nurse ask the client about when taking the nursing history? A client is receiving ampicillin sodium (Omnipen) for a sinus infection. The nurse ............. the healthcare provider immediately if which symptom occurs? A peak and trough level must be drawn for a client receiving antibiotic ............. nurse to obtain the trough level? A client receiving albuterol (Proventil) tablets complains of nausea every evening ............. action can the nurse take to alleviate this side effect? A 43-year-old female client is receiving thyroid replacement hormone ............. adverse effects associated with thyroid hormone toxicity should the nurse instruct the client to report promptly to the healthcare provider? A client asks the nurse if glipizide (Glucotrol) is an oral insulin. Which response should the nurse provide? Which nursing intervention is most important when caring for a client receiving ............. arabinoside (Arc-C) for chemotherapy? Which symptoms are serious adverse effects of beta-adrenergic blockers such as propranolol (Inderal)? A client has myxedema, which results from a deficiency of thyroid hormone synthesis in adults. The nurse knows that which medication would be contraindicated for this client? The nitrate isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil) is prescribed for a client with angina. Which instruction should the nurse include in this client's discharge teaching plan? A client with coronary artery disease who is taking digoxin (Lanoxin) receives a new prescription for atorvastatin (Lipitor). Two weeks ............., the nurse assesses the client. Which finding requires the most immediate intervention? Which change in data indicates to the nurse that the desired effect of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist valsartan (Diovan) has been achieved? A client is taking hydromorphone (Dilaudid) PO q4h at home. Following surgery, Dilaudid IV q4h PRN and butorphanol tartrate (Stadol) IV q4h PRN ............. a dose of the Dilaudid IV four hours ago, and is again requesting pain medication. What intervention should the nurse implement? In teaching a client who had a liver transplant about cyclosporine (Sandimmune), the nurse should encourage the client to report which adverse response to the healthcare provider? A client with hyperlipidemia receives a prescription for niacin (Niaspan). Which client teaching is most important for the nurse to provide? Which instruction(s) should the nurse give to a female client who just received a ............. metronidazole (Flagyl) for treatment of trichomonas vaginalis? (Select all that apply.) A client is admitted to the coronary care unit with a medical diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. Which medication prescription decreases both preload and afterload? A client receiving Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) intravenously (IV) complains of pain ............. edema at the site. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement? A client with heart failure is prescribed spironolactone ............. for the nurse to provide to the client about diet modifications? After abdominal surgery, a male client is prescribed low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). During administration of the ............. is receiving this medication. Which is the best response for the nurse to provide? The healthcare provider prescribes naproxen (Naproxen) twice daily for a client ............. tells the nurse that the drug does not seem to be effective after three weeks. Which is the best response for the nurse to provide? Which method of medication administration provides the client with the greatest first-pass effect? A category X drug is prescribed for a young adult female client. Which instruction is most important for the nurse to teach this client? An older client with a decreased percentage of lean body mass is likely to receive ............. based on which pharmacokinetic process? A medication that is classified as a beta-1 agonist is most commonly prescribed for a client with which condition? The nurse is assessing a client who is experiencing anaphylaxis from an insect ............. the nurse prepare to administer this client? Dobutamine (Dobutrex) is an emergency drug most commonly prescribed ............. which condition? Which medications should the nurse caution the client about taking while receiving an opioid analgesic? [Show More]

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