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HIST 405 Final Exam with Graded Answers & Instructors Explanations. { 2019/20} A+ Work.

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HIST 405 Final Exam with Graded Answers 1. Question : (TCO 4) Which of the following made up the largest segment of Spain’s colonial population by the 1700s? Spanish Africans ... Indians Mestizos (multiracial) Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 2 Question 2. Question : (TCO 1) What made Rhode Island unique? Religious dissenters founded the colony. Colonists bought the land from Native Americans. Suspected witches were tried and executed there. Colonists agreed to separate church and state. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 2 Question 3. Question : (TCO 4) Why did colonists turn to slave labor rather than indentured servants in the late 1600s? Africans refused to come as indentured servants so they were kidnapped as slaves. There was a decline in availability of indentured servants from England. The indentured servants from England weren’t good workers. Indentured servitude was outlawed in the colonies. Instructor Explanation: Chapter 3 Question 4. Question : (TCO 4) What happened in the colonies as a result of the Glorious Revolution in England? England adopted a policy of salutary neglect. The dominion of New England was established. England enacted the Navigation Acts. The colonies profited from the new trade regulations. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 4 Question 5. Question : (TCO 2) To protest British taxes, colonists often organized boycotts to destroy British property. stop buying British goods. attack British officials. seize British food supplies. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 5 Question 6. Question : (TCO 2) In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson refers to the natural rights due to every citizen as life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. independent liberty. Paine’s freedoms. radical power. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 4 Question 7. Question : (TCO 2) Which is an advantage the British had over the Patriots at the beginning of the war? The British people believed more passionately in the war. The British army respected the people they were fighting. The British government was more established. The British king had a brilliant military mind. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 4 Question 8. Question : (TCO 1) Why was it difficult to make changes to the Articles of Confederation? An amendment required approval by all 13 states. The Articles did not provide for amending the constitution. Two thirds of the delegates had to agree in order to amend the Articles. The states had to convene a special committee to revise the Articles. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 5 Question 9. Question : (TCO 1) Which of the following most closely preserved the government of the Articles of Confederation? Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Connecticut Compromise Great Compromise Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 5 Question 10. Question : (TCO 3) Who extolled the equality of conditions in his book Democracy in America? Lafayette Andrew Jackson de Tocqueville Thomas Jefferson Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 8 Question 11. Question : (TCO 3) The creation of an integrated national economy became known as mercantilism. price fixing. the rise of factories. market revolution. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 9 Question 12. Question : (TCO 3) Slavery expanded with the growth of freight shipment. public education. cotton plantations. northern industries. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 12 Question 13. Question : (TCO 3) James Polk opposed the annexation of Texas. purchased Texas from Mexico. favored the annexation of Texas. was the only governor to serve two terms in Texas. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 11 Question 14. Question : (TCO 2) The Fugitive Slave Act adopted in 1850 required private citizens to assist with apprehending runaway slaves. required private citizens to help runaway slaves escape. applied only to northern states. applied only to southern states. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 12 Question 15. Question : (TCO 2) How did Northerners respond to the Fugitive Slave Act? Some northern states enacted legislation opposing it. Some northern states supported it. Some northern states enacted the Wilmot Proviso. Some northern states challenged it in the Supreme Court. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 12 Question 16. Question : (TCO 8) Lee's smaller army defeated McClellan's larger force and kept Union troops out of Richmond because Lee was lucky. McClellan surrendered. Lee found McClellan’s battle plans. McClellan was too cautious. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 13 Question 17. Question : (TCO 8) Which of the following characterizes Sherman's march across Georgia? He took the shortest, narrowest route. He only destroyed Confederate military sights. He destroyed everything in his path. He tried to negotiate with southerners. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 13 Question 18. Question : (TCO 10) Many immigrants came to the U.S. to avoid inexpensive land. political revolutions. religious freedom. plentiful employment. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 17 Question 19. Question : (TCO 10) How did the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire affect industrial reforms? Managers began locking the exits of factories. Progressives began to focus on other areas for reforms. Congress passed laws that increased the work day to 12 hours. Cities and states began passing laws to make workplaces safer. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 18 Question 20. Question : (TCO 7) The invasion of Belgium turned American opinion against Germany because many Americans were immigrants from Belgium. Americans depended on products imported from Belgium. Belgium was an important U.S. ally. Belgium was a neutral nation. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 20 Question 21. Question : (TCO 7) During World War I, which of these did the Germans use against British ships? Radar Convoys Airplanes Submarines Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 20 Question 22. Question : (TCO 11) The popularity of the automobile in the 1920s led to a(n) increase in commercial air travel. decrease in the number of motels. an increase in bridge and tunnel construction to link cities with suburbs. decline in steel production in the U.S. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 22 Question 23. Question : (TCO 11) What brought the Harding administration to an end? President Harding was impeached. President Harding was defeated in the 1924 election. President Harding died of a heart attack. President Harding resigned in response to the Teapot Dome scandal. Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 21 Question 24. Question : (TCO 11) Which economic factors led to the Great Depression? Underproduction, disparity of wealth, low interest rates, and low stock speculation Underproduction, high consumption, low interest rates, and high stock speculation Overproduction, disparity of wealth, limited money supply, and high stock speculation Overproduction, high consumption, limited money supply, and low stock speculation Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 22 Question 25. Question : (TCO 7) What event marked the beginning of World War II? The Nazi-Soviet Pact The German invasion of Poland The Anschluss Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland Type: MC Instructor Explanation: Chapter 23 1. Question : (TCOs 1 and 2) Identify and describe the main provisions of the Articles of Confederation. Then identify and discuss the main weaknesses of the Articles and the so-called Western Problem. Make sure you use enough details to support your answer. Question 2. Question : (TCO 2) Identify and analyze the main provisions of the Compromise of 1850. Be sure to analyze the problem of California and how this led to the Compromise. Then analyze how the Compromise set off a storm of political controversy between 1849 and 1850. Identify the key players and how they viewed the Compromise. What was the role of President Zachary Taylor in these discussions? Be sure to use enough details to support your answer. Points Received: 50 of 50 Question 3. Question : (TCOs 6 and 7) Identify and explain at least two major reasons for the growing call in the late 1800s for the United States to become a global empire. Then identify and describe one of the first events that signaled the beginning of American imperialism. Make sure you use enough details to support your answer. Question 4. Question : (TCOs 7 and 9) Identify and analyze the main events of the Korean War and Cuban Missile Crisis. Then assess how these events affected the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union. Make sure you use enough details to support your answer. 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