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Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing, 6th Edition/Chapter 30: Vital Signs Already A+

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Chapter 30: Vital Signs Potter et al: Canadian Fundamentals of Nursing, 6th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. How does the posterior hypothalamus help control temperature? 2. Of the following me chanisms of ... heat loss by the body, identify the mechanism that transfers heat away by using air movement? 3. The patient has a temperature of 40.7°C (105.2°F). The nurse is attempting to lower his temperature by providing tepid sponge baths and placing cool compresses in strategic body locations. The nurse is attempting to lower the patient’s temperature through the use of which of the following? 4. When focusing on temperature regulation of newborns and infants, what should the nurse know? .COM 5. The nurse working the night shift on a surgical unit is making rounds at 0400 hours. She notices that the patient’s temperature is 36°C (96.8°F), whereas at 1600 hours the preceding day, it was 37°C (98.6°F). What should the nurse do? 6. The nurse is caring for a patient who has a temperature reading of 38°C (100.4°F). His last two temperature readings were 37°C (98.6°F) and 36°C (96.8°F). The nurse should 7. When heat loss mechanisms of the body are unable to keep pace with excess heat production, the result is known as 8. The nurse is caring for a patient who has an elevated temperature. What should the nurse know? respirations, and blood pressure. TOP: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity 9. The patient is restless and has a temperature of 39°C (102.2°F). What is one of the first things the nurse should do? a. Place the patient on oxygen. b. Restrict fluid intake. c. Increase patient activity. d. Increase patient’s metabolic rate. ANS: A During a fever, cellular metabolism increases, and oxygen consumption rises. Myocardial hypoxia produces angina. Cerebral hypoxia produces confusion. Interventions during a fever include oxygen therapy. Dehydration is a serious problem through increased respiration and diaphoresis, and a dehydrated patient is at risk for fluid volume deficit. Fluids should not be restricted. Increasing activity would increase the metabolic rate further, which would not be advisable. [Show More]

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