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NUR2063 / NUR 2063 Essentials of Pathophysiology Exam Review Latest Update Rasmussen College

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NUR 2063 Essentials of Pathophysiology Exam Review 1. A potentially lethal condition in which there is an acute elevation of circulating thyroid hormones is called _______________ - ANS: Thy... roid storm 2. In adrenocortical deficiency, the most severe manifestations are related to inadequate quantities of the hormone ____________________. - ANS: 3. Classic manifestations seen with Cushing’s syndrome include: - ANS: 4. The most common cause of hypoparathyroidism is _____________ in the area where the glands are located. - ANS: 5. Manifestations of hyperparathyroidism and hypoparathyroidism are related to excessive or insufficient amounts of serum ____________. - ANS: 6. A patient with hyperparathyroidism would be likely to present with: - ANS: 7. A potentially life-threatening finding in hyperparathyroidism is ________________. - ANS: 8. The primary intervention for Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion (SIADH) is the restriction of __________________ intake. - ANS: 9. Diabetes insipidus is characterized by: - ANS: 10. Pheochromocytoma is a rare, life-threatening disease characterized by __________________. - ANS: 11. True or false: Drug therapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus is the replacement of insulin, which is absent from the body. - ANS: 12. True or false: One of the classic clinical manifestations of diabetes mellitus is increased appetited, called polydipsia. - ANS: 13. True or false: The primary source of energy for muscle tissue in the fasting or resting state is free fatty acids. - ANS: 14. True or false: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus may take both oral agents and injectables. - ANS: 15. True or false: A significant risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus is obesity. - ANS: 16. Microvascular complications occurring with chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus include: - ANS: 17. Macrovascular complications occurring with chronic hyperglycemia in diabetes mellitus include: - ANS: 18. Signs or symptoms of hypoglycemia include: - ANS: 19. Signs or symptoms of hyperglycemia include: - ANS: 20. Measures of glycoxylated hemoglobin, such as hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), are used to monitor blood glucose control over the past _________ days. - ANS: 21. What is acute gastritis most commonly associated with overuse of in Western countries? - ANS: 22. __________ ulcers cause pain when the stomach is empty or shortly after eating, whereas _________ ulcers cause pain 2 - 3 hours after eating. - ANS: 23. What conditions may result in mechanical bowel obstruction? - ANS: 24. What is an acquired bowel disease that may develop at any age and is most often caused by prolonged constipation? - ANS: 25. Renal calculi that develop following a urinary tract infection are composed of: - ANS: 26. A child presenting with periorbital edema and hematuria should be evaluated for ________. - ANS: 27. The primary risk factors for chronic kidney disease are: - ANS: 28. If prerenal failure is prolonged, it produces ___________, which is one cause of acute tubular necrosis (ATN). - ANS: 29. End-stage renal disease and uremia occur when more than ___________ of nephrons are lost. - ANS: 30. Patients with chronic kidney disease usually have anemia because of lack of __________. - ANS: e 31. Bladder contraction is controlled by _____________________. - ANS: 32. A chronic illness with no known cause that causes bladder pain and often urgency frequency, and nocturia is called ________________. - ANS: 33. An overactive detrusor muscle is the cause of what type of urinary incontinence? - ANS: 34. True or false: Cryptorchidism may increase one’s risk for testicular cancer. - ANS: 35. True or false: Most cases of erectile dysfunction have a secondary cause. - ANS: 36. True or false: BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia) is a risk factor for prostate cancer. - ANS: 37. True or false: In paraphimosis, the foreskin cannot be retracted from the glans, whereas with phimosis, the foreskin that has been retracted cannot be repositioned over the glans. - ANS: 38. True or false: Sudden, severe testicular pain is indicative of Epididymitis. - ANS: 39. Erectile dysfunction is often attributed to drugs that interfere with autonomic function such as _____________. - ANS: 40. Leiomyoma - ANS: 41. Dysmenorrhea - ANS: 42. Protrusion of the bladder wall into the vagina is called a _________ and is most often due to ___________. - ANS: 43. Fibrocystic breast disease is characterized by ____________. - ANS: 44. Early-stage cervical cancer may be detected by ________. - ANS: 45. Urinary stress incontinence is often caused by ______________. - ANS: 46. Primary syphilis lesions left untreated will spontaneously resolve in ___________________. - ANS: t 47. Gonorrhea presents with the following symptoms: - ANS: 48. The sexually transmitted infection that presents with formation of a painless ulcer (called a chancre) and later progresses to a systemic form is ____________. - ANS: 49. In primary hypothyroidism, the circulating level of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) will be _______________. - ANS: 50. A unique feature of Graves’ disease is protrusion of the eyeballs, called __________________. - ANS: [Show More]

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