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RN ATI - Fluid & Electrolytes Exam Questions & Answers, 2022

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RN ATI - Fluid & Electrolytes Exam Questions & Answers, 2022-A nurse is assessing a client who has hyperkalemia. Which of the following findings should the nurse expect? A. Decreased muscle strength B... . Decreased gastric motility C. Increased heart rate D. Increased blood pressue - A. Decreased muscle strength A nurse is assessing a client who is receiving hydrochlorothiazide and notes that the client is confused and lethargic. Which of the following laboratory values should the nurse report to the provider? A. Sodium 128 mEq/L B. Potassium 4.8 mEq/L C. Calcium 9.1 mg/dL D. Magnesium 2.0 mEq/L - A. Sodium 128 mEq/L A nurse is assessing a client who is using PCA following a thoracotomy. The client is short of breath, appears restless, and has respirations of 28/min. The client's ABG results are pH 7.52, PaO2 89mm hg, PaCO2 28 mmHg, and HCO3 -24 mEq/L. Which of the following actions should the nurse take? A. Instruct the client to cough forcefully. B. Assist the client with ambulation. C. Provide calming interventions. D. Discontinue the PCA. - C. Provide calming interventions. A nurse is assessing a client who has a serum calcium level of 8.1 mg/dL. Which of the following findings is the priority for the nurse to assess? A. Deep-tendon reflexes B. Cardiac rhythm C. Peripheral sensation D. Bowel sounds - B. Cardiac rhythm A nurse is caring for a client who is experiencing respiratory distress as a result of acute pulmonary edema. Which of the following actions should the nurse take first? A. Assist with intubation B. Initiate high-flow oxygen therapy C. Administer a rapid-acting diuretic D. Administer morphine IV - B. Initiate high-flow oxygen therapy A nurse is evaluating a client who is receiving IV fluids to treat isotonic dehydration. Which of the following laboratory findings indicates that the fluid therapy has been effective? A. BUN 26 mg/dL B. Serum sodium 138 mEq/L C. Hct 56% D. Urine specific gravity 1.035 - B. Serum sodium 138 mEq/L A nurse is teaching nutritional strategies to a client who has a low serum calcium level and an allergy to milk. Which of the following statements by the client indicates an understanding of the teaching? A. "I will eat extra cheese because I can't drink milk." B. "I will need to avoid foods with vitamin D because I am allergic to milk." C. "I will stop taking my calcium supplements if they irritate my stomach." D. "I will add broccoli and kale to my diet." - D. "I will add broccoli and kale to my diet." A nurse is caring for a client who has dehydration and is receiving IV fluids. When assessing for complications, the nurse should recognize which of the following manifestations as a sign of fluid overload? A. Increased urine specific gravity B. Hypoactive bowel sounds C. Bounding peripheral pulses D. Decreased respiratory rate - C. Bounding peripheral pulses A nurse is admitting a client who has status asthmaticus. The client's ABG results are pH 7.32, PaO2 74 mm Hg, [Show More]

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