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PN 138 Basic Pharmacology Final Exam Questions & Answers

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User Course PN138/PRN1356 Section P Basic Pharmacology - Residential and Online - 2019 Winter Quarter Test Module 11 Final Exam Started 3/11/19 Submitted 3/11/19 Status Completed Attempt Score ... 65.45 out of 70 points Time Elapsed 46 minutes out of 1 hour and 40 minutes Results Displayed All Answers, Submitted Answers, Correct Answers, Feedback, Incorrectly Answered Questions  Question 1 0.7 out of 0.7 points Answer the following question by supplying the interpretation of the medical abbreviation: q4h Selected Answer: every 4 hours Answers: every 4 hours 4 times an hour 4 times a day every 4 hours while awake  Question 2 0.7 out of 0.7 points For clients receiving immunosuppressants, the priority goal of nursing care is: Selected Answer: Prevention of infection. Answers: Compliance with therapy. Assessing client's temperature every 4 hours. Monitoring for serum sickness. Prevention of infection.  Question 3 0.7 out of 0.7 points You are preparing to administer Levothyroxine (Synthroid) to a patient. You will monitor the patient for which potential adverse effect? Selected Answer: Tachycardia Answers: Weight gain Constipation Lethargy Tachycardia  Question 4 0.7 out of 0.7 points A 2-year-old patient with respiratory syncytial virus is prescribed aerosolized ribavirin (Virazole). Which visitor does the nurse ensure is not in the patient's room during the aerosol treatments? Selected Answer: 32-year-old pregnant mother Answers: 10-year-old brother 81-year-old grandmother 32-year-old pregnant mother 36-year-old father who has diabetes  Question 5 0.7 out of 0.7 points After administering an ACE inhibitor, you encourage the patient change positions slowly to prevent falling caused by what? Selected Answer: Orthostatic hypotension Answers: Dyskinesia Rhabdomyolysis Orthostatic hypotension Arrhythmias  Question 6 0.7 out of 0.7 points You are reinforcing teaching to a patient about their new Tuberculosis drug regimen. After reviewing the side effects, the patient asks how long she must continue taking the drugs. What is your response? Selected Answer: “All three medications must be taken for a minimum of 6 months.” Answers: “We will check your sputum in 3 months and if it is negative, you will no longer have to take the medicines." “You will take all three medications for the first month, then 2 medications for the 2nd month. You will continue the third medication for 6 months." “Once your sputum is negative, you can stop the medications. It could be as little as 2 weeks." “All three medications must be taken for a minimum of 6 months.”  Question 7 0.7 out of 0.7 points Mr. Beans has an order for metoprolol (Lopressor) 50mg po daily. Prior to administering the medication, what do you check? Selected Answer: Blood pressure and heart rate Answers: Blood pressure and 24 hour weight gain Blood pressure and heart rate Heart rate and temperature Heart rate, blood pressure, respirations  Question 8 0.7 out of 0.7 points After taking Bimatoprost (Lumigan) eye drops for 2 months, a patient states that her eye color has changed and her lashes are more beautiful than ever. She states that wants to start the drops in the other eye as well. How do you respond? Selected Answer: "While the eye color and lashes are different, using the drops in the other eye can damage the good eye." Answers: "Stop the medication immediately. This is a dangerous side effect that can permanently affect your eye." "No harm can come from using the drops in both eyes. In fact, it will help your eyes to look the same." "While the eye color and lashes are different, using the drops in the other eye can damage the good eye." "You should have been placing the drops in both eyes all along. This will prevent the other eye from developing problems."  Question 9 0.7 out of 0.7 points Compute the amount of medication you will administer for one dose. Order: Lasix 80 mg p.o. daily. Supply: Lasix 40 mg tablets. Give: Selected Answer: 2 tablets Answers: half tablet 1 tablet 1.5 tablets 2 tablets  Question 10 0.7 out of 0.7 points Why should tetracycline drugs be avoided during pregnancy and lactation? Selected Answer: The drug interferes with tooth enamel development causing permanently stained teeth in the newborn. Answers: Tetracycline crosses the placenta and causes brain hemorrhage in the fetus. The fetal and newborn liver cannot metabolize the drug and anemia results. The fetus and newborn are more likely to have allergic reactions to tetracycline. The drug interferes with tooth enamel development causing permanently stained teeth in the newborn.  Question 11 0.7 out of 0.7 points A patient is experiencing high levels of anxiety and stress. Which medication may be prescribed? Selected Answer: Alprazolam (Xanax) Answers: Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Zolpidem (Am [Show More]

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