*NURSING > EXAM REVIEW > NR228 – Nutrition, Health & Wellness: Units 1-4 Concept Review-complete (All)

NR228 – Nutrition, Health & Wellness: Units 1-4 Concept Review-complete

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1. Discuss the role that nutrition plays in health promotion. a. Healthy People 2020 guided by a vision of a society in which all people live long, healthy lives. b. Surveys are used to monitor the ... nutritional status of Americans. c. National Nutrition Monitoring Act of 1990 provides for partnerships among government organizations that conduct national surveys of the nation’s health and nutritional status. d. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) e. Focuses on data from the dietary intake, medical history, biochemical evaluation, physical examination, and measurements of American population groups who are carefully chosen to represent the total population. f. Dietary portion is called What We Eat in America (WWEIA) g. Record of food intake kept for two days, then compared to the recommended dietary intake 2. Discuss the dietary implications and examples of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. a. Primary i. Consists of activities to avert the initial development of a disease or poor health ii. Ex: eat a variety of foods to avert nutrient deficiencies; adopting a low-fat, high-fiber eating style before diet-related health problems develop iii. Primary disease prevention focuses on preventing a disease before it occurs. b. Secondary i. Involves early detection to halt or reduce the effects of a disease or illness ii. Ex: high blood pressure (hypertension) reduce sodium intake to reduce BP iii. Secondary disease prevention occurs when a patient has been diagnosed with a disease but can lessen the effects of the disease through lifestyle changes, such as physical exercise, which lowers blood glucose levels for those with type 2 diabetes mellitus. c. Tertiary i. Occurs after the disorder develops; purpose is to minimize further complications or to assist in the restoration of health ii. Ex: using diet therapy to control ulcers, diverticulitis, and coronary artery disease iii. Tertiary disease prevention occurs after a disease, usually a chronic condition, has been diagnosed. There is little a patient can do to reverse the effects of the disease; however, through medication and lifestyle changes, the best quality of life is achieved. 3. Six dimensions of health is an excellent tool in promoting health and preventing disease related to nutrition a. Physical: the dimension in which a person eats well, exercises regularly, avoids harmful habits and gets regular checkups b. Intellectual: this dimension is not based on how smart you are. You must be open to new ideas, question the world around you, and be motivated to learn new skills while maintaining a sense of humor CONTINIUED...... [Show More]

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