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PSYCHOMETRICIAN BOARD EXAMINATION REVIEW MANUAL Sample Module: Theories of Personality Name: ________________________________ FAMILIRIAZE YOURSELF WITH THE AREAS OF THEORIES OF PERSONALITY Fe... ist & Feist Reference Ryckman Reference PSYCHODYNAMIC Psychoanalysis (Freud) Individual Psychology (Adler) Analytical Psychology (Jung) Object Relations Theory (Klein) Psychoanalytic Social Theory (Horney) Humanistic Psychoanalysis (Fromm) Interpersonal Theory (Sullivan) Post-Freudian Theory (Erik Erikson) HUMANISTIC/EXISTENTIAL Holistic Dynamic Theory (Maslow) Person-Centered Theory (Rogers) Existential Psychology (May) DISPOSITIONAL THEORY Psychology of the Individual (Allport) Trait and Factor Theories (Eysenck, McCrae, and Costa) LEARNING THEORY Behavioral Analysis (Skinner) Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura) Cognitive Social Learning Theory (Rotter and Mischel) Psychology of Constructs (Kelly) PSYCHOANALYTIC & NEOLYTIC Psychoanalytic (Freud) Analytical (Jung) Individual Psychology (Adler) Social and Cultural Psychoanalysis (Horney) Ego Psychology (Erikson) Self-Psychology (Kohut) TRAIT Trait Theory (Allport) Structure-Based Systems Theory (Cattell) Biological Typology (Eysenck) COGNITIVE Theory of Personal Construct (Kelly) HUMANISTIC/EXISTENTIAL Self-Actualization Position (Maslow) Person-Centered Theory (Rogers) Existential-Analytic Position (May) SOCIAL-BEHAVIORISTIC Operant Analysis (Skinner) Expectancy-Reinforcement Value Model (Rotter) Social Cognitive (Bandura) Additional: SIkolohiyang Pilipino (Virgilio Enriquez) MODULE: THEORIES OF PERSONALITY PERSONALITY AND THE SCIENTIFIC OUTLOOK ITS ORIGIN Personality derives from the Latin word persona, which refers to a mask used by actors in a play. It is easy to see how persona came to refer to outward appearance, the public face we display to the people around us (Schultz, 2005). WHAT IS PERSONALITY? Personality can be defined as a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to human behavior. PSYCHOLOGY OF SCIENCE It studies both science and the behavior of scientists; that is, it investigates the impact of an individual scientist’s psychological processes and personal characteristics on the development of her or his scientific theories and research (Feist & Feist, 2009). ITS IMPORTANCE The study of human personality helps us understand ourselves and other people better, and gives us a greater appreciation for the complexity of the human experience and being able to understand the behavior of others gives us a greater sense of control over our lives and makes the world more predictable and less threatening THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF PERSONALITY Scientific approach is the most effective way to gather accurate information about personality functioning. A theory is a set of related assumptions that allow scientists to use logical deductive reasoning to formulate testable hypotheses. NOTES: Page # MODULE: THEORIES OF PERSONALITY THEORY AND ITS RELATIVES Philosophy—the love of wisdom—is a broader term than theory, but one branch of philosophy. Epistemology—relates to the nature of knowledge, and theories are used by scientists in pursuit of knowledge. Speculation — must be based on the controlled observations of scientists. Science [Show More]

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