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Medical Surgical Nursing 10th Edition Lewis Test Bank

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MULTIPLE CHOICE The nurse completes an admission database and explains that the plan of care and discharge 1. goals will be developed with the patient's input. The patient states, "How is this differ... ent from what the doctor does?"Which response would be mostappropriate for the nurse to make? a. "The role of the nurse is to administer medications and other treatments prescribed by your doctor."b. "The nurse's job is to help the doctor by collecting information and communicating any problems that occur."c. "Nurses perform many of the same procedures as the doctor, but nurses are with the patients for a longer time than the doctor."d. "In addition to caring for you while you are sick, the nurses will assist you to develop an individualized plan to maintain your health."ANS: D This response is consistent with the American Nurses Association (ANA) definition of nursing, which describes the role of nurses in promoting health. The other responses describe some of the dependent and collaborative functions of the nursing role but do not accurately describe the nurse's role in the health care system. Stumped? 4447 tutors online. Answers in as fast as 15 minutes. DIF: Cognitive Level: Understand (comprehension) REF: 3 TOP: Nursing Process: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment The nurse describes to a student nurse how to use evidence-based practice guidelines when 2. caring for patients. Which statement, if made by the nurse, would be the mostaccurate? a. "Inferences from clinical research studies are used as a guide."b. "Patient care is based on clinical judgment, experience, and traditions."c. "Data are evaluated to show that the patient outcomes are consistently met.""Recommendations are based on research, clinical expertise, and patient d. preferences."ANS: D Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the use of the best research-based evidence combined with clinician expertise. Clinical judgment based on the nurse's clinical experience is part of EBP, but clinical decision making should also incorporate current research and research-based guidelines. Evaluation of patient outcomes is important, but interventions should be based on research from randomized control studies with a large number of subjects. Stumped? 4447 tutors online. Answers in as fast as 15 minutes. DIF: Cognitive Level: Remember (knowledge) REF: 15 TOP: Nursing Process: Planning MSC: NCLEX: Safe and Effective Care Environment The nurse teaches a student nurse about how to apply the nursing process when providing 3. patient care. Which statement, if made by the student nurse, indicates that teaching was successful? a. "The nursing process is a scientific-based method of diagnosing the patient's health care problems."b. "The nursing process is a problem-solving tool used to identify and treat patients' health care needs."c. "The nursing process is used primarily to explain nursing interventions to other health care professionals."d. "The nursing process is based on nursing theory that incorporates the biopsychosocial nature of humans."ANS: B The nursing process is a problem-solving approach to the identification and treatment of patients'problems. Diagnosis is only one phase of the nursing process. The primary use of the nursing process is in patient c [Show More]

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