Health Care > EXAM > NESTA FINAL Questions and Answers 2022/2023 with 100% correct (All)

NESTA FINAL Questions and Answers 2022/2023 with 100% correct

Document Content and Description Below

NESTA FINAL Questions and Answers 2022/2023 with 100% correct What are the four steps in "Bridging the Gap"? {{Ans- Assess, Design, Instruct, Re-assess What is an implicit goal? {{Ans- Implie... d but not mentioned What is an explicit goal? {{Ans- Goals that are mentioned What is the kinetic chain, and what is its function? {{Ans- Composed of nervous system, muscular system, and skeletal system. Chain of systems that link together to create human movements. What is smooth muscle tissue? {{Ans- Involuntary actions (digestive tract, bladder, uterus, blood vessel walls) No striations What is cardiac muscle tissue? {{Ans- Involuntary but has some striations; Heart What is skeletal muscle tissue? {{Ans- Voluntary movements; all muscles controlling movements What are the three layers of muscle fascia? {{Ans- Epimysium (outer), perimysium, endomysium (inner) What are mechanoreceptors? {{Ans- Respond to touch, pressure, vibrations, or stretch. What are thermoreceptors? {{Ans- Respond to changes in temperature. What are nociceptors? {{Ans- Respond to painful stimuli. What are photoreceptors? {{Ans- Respond to light to allow vision. What are chemoreceptors? {{Ans- Respond to chemical stimuli (food odors, carbon dioxide, glucose). What is the function of the somatic nervous system? {{Ans- Innervates skeletal muscle to create movement via motor neurons. Always excitatory. What is the sympathetic nervous system? {{Ans- "Fight or flight" Blood pressure/heart rate increase, digestive slowing. What is the parasympathetic nervous system? {{Ans- "Rest and digest" Blood pressure/heart rate decrease, digestive increases. What is the structure of the motor unit? {{Ans- Motor neuron, muscle fibers, motor end plates What is the sliding filament theory? {{Ans- Elements will slide over each other; sarcomeres shortening together, causing muscle to contract as a whole. What is the role of the Myosin ATPase in a muscle action? {{Ans- Interactions of actin and myosin during muscle contraction. How does the Myosin head bind to the Actin filaments in a muscle action? {{Ans- Slide and overlap What is the role of the prime mover (agonist)? {{Ans- Acts directly to bring about a desired movement. What is the role of the assistant mover (synergist)? {{Ans- Assists indirectly to bring about a desired movement. What is the role of the antagonist? {{Ans- Opposes the concentric muscle action of agonist (more susceptible to injury). What is the role of the stabilizer? {{Ans- Responsible for stabilizing. What is the role of the neutralizer? {{Ans- Responsible for eliminating and canceling out undesired movement. What is the Type I muscle fiber? {{Ans- Red, slow twitch, aerobic fibers (endurance; longer than 3 minutes). What is the Type IIA muscle fiber? {{Ans- Pink, moderately fast twitch (strength; 30 seconds - 2 minutes). What is the Type IIB muscle fiber? {{Ans- White, fast twitch, anaerobic fibers (1RM, hypertrophy, explosive movements). What is hypertrophy? {{Ans- Increase in size of myofibrils What is hyperplasia? {{Ans- Increase in number of muscle cells What is atrophy? {{Ans- Wasting/loss of muscle due to disease/lack of use What are the various types of strength? {{Ans- Absolute strength, relative strength, strength endurance, power In which bone will you find the diaphysis? {{Ans- Long bone What occurs in epiphyseal plate slippage? {{Ans- Inhibits the growth of bone at joint, but will not affect growth of body. What is the synarthroidal joint? {{Ans- Immovable joint (pelvis) What is the amphiarthroses joint? {{Ans- Semi-movable joints (sacroiliac & pubis) What is the diarthrodial joint? {{Ans- Freely movable joints (hip & knee) What is ATP? {{Ans- Adenosine triphosphate; source of energy for muscular contraction. Lactic Acid is a byproduct of which energy system? {{Ans- Anaerobic system What is aerobic exercise? {{Ans- With oxygen What is blood pressure? {{Ans- The measure of force that blood exerts on the walls of blood vessels. What is considered to be normal blood pressure? High? {{Ans- 120/80 140/90 What happens when exercise is abruptly stopped? {{Ans- Venus pooling occurs; blood can pool in the extremities. John is 54 years old and has a RHR of 75 BPM, and his goal is to exercise at 60% of HRR, what is his THR? {{Ans- 129.9 What is overtraining? {{Ans- State of fatigue or physiological malfunction where it may take a while to return to normal. What are the planes of movement? {{Ans- Sagital plane, Frontal plane, Horizontal plane How does the sagital plane divide the body? {{Ans- Right and left halves How does the frontal plane divide the body? {{Ans- Front and back halves How does the horizontal plane divide the body? {{Ans- Top and bottom halves What is anterior? {{Ans- Front What is posterior? {{Ans- Back What is superior? {{Ans- Above What is inferior? {{Ans- Below What is medial? {{Ans- Middle/midline What is lateral? {{Ans- Away from midline What is proximal? {{Ans- Close to reference point What is distal? {{Ans- Farther from reference point What is unilateral? {{Ans- One side What is superficial? {{Ans- Near surface What is deep? {{Ans- Beneath surface What is cephalic? {{Ans- Toward head What is caudal? {{Ans- Toward bottom What is supine? {{Ans- Lying on back What is prone? {{Ans- Lying face down What are the primary movements of sagittal plane? {{Ans- Flexion and extension What is flexion? {{Ans- Angle decreases What is extension? {{Ans- Angle increases What are the primary movements of frontal plane? {{Ans- Abduction and adduction What is abduction? {{Ans- Away from body What is adduction? {{Ans- Towards body What are the primary movements of transverse plane? {{Ans- Internal and external rotation What is internal rotation? {{Ans- Rotating towards body What is external rotation? {{Ans- Rotating away from body What is protraction? {{Ans- Abduction of scapula What is retration? {{Ans- Adduction of scapula [Show More]

Last updated: 1 year ago

Preview 1 out of 65 pages

Add to cart

Instant download


Buy this document to get the full access instantly

Instant Download Access after purchase

Add to cart

Instant download

Reviews( 0 )


Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search



Document information

Connected school, study & course

About the document

Uploaded On

Jun 07, 2022

Number of pages


Written in



Member since 2 years

104 Documents Sold

Additional information

This document has been written for:


Jun 07, 2022





Document Keyword Tags

Recommended For You

Get more on EXAM »

What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·