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NR 503 / NUR503 Population Health, Epidemiology and Statistical Principles Midterm / Final Exam Quiz Bank |200 Questions and 100% correct Answers | Chamberlain College

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NR 503 / NUR503 Population Health, Epidemiology and Statistical Principles Midterm / Final Exam Quiz Bank |200 Questions and 100% correct Answers | Chamberlain College VERSION 1 Question 1 In a... community-based hypertension testing program called HT-Aware, the detection level for high blood pressure is set at 140 mmHg for systolic blood pressure. A separate testing program called HT-Warning in the same community sets the level at 130 mmHg for high systolic blood pressure. Which statements are likely to be true? • The sensitivity of HT-Warning is greater than that of HT-Aware • The specificity of HT-Warning is greater than that of HT-Aware • The number of false positives is greater with HT-Warning than with HT-Aware • The number of false negatives is greater with HT-Warning than with HT-Aware That's correct! The sensitivity and specificity are the same for both tests Question 2 A school nurse examined a population of 1,000 children in an attempt to detect nearsightedness. The prevalence of myopia in this population is known to be 15%. The sensitivity of the examination is 60% and its specificity is 80%. All children labeled as “positive” (i.e., suspected of having myopia) by the school nurse are sent for examination by an optometrist. The sensitivity of the optometrist’s examination is 98% and its specificity is 90%. How many children are labeled “positive” by the school nurse? That's correct! There are 150 children with myopia in the school population (15% prevalence among 1,000 children). The school nurse will identify 60% of those who truly have the condition, or 90 cases (60% sensitivity multiplied by 150 myopic children). Further, the school nurse will incorrectly identify 170 false positive cases of myopia among those who do not have the condition (80% specificity multiplied by 850 non-myopic children). The sum of the cases labeled as positive by the school nurse equals 260 children (90 true myopic children plus 170 false positive children). Question 3 A school nurse examined a population of 1,000 children in an attempt to detect nearsightedness. The prevalence of myopia in this population is known to be 15%. The sensitivity of the examination is 60% and its specificity is 80%. All children labeled as “positive” (i.e., suspected of having myopia) by the school nurse are sent for examination by an optometrist. The sensitivity of the optometrist’s examination is 98% and its specificity is 90%. What is the positive predictive value (PPV) of the school nurse’s exam? That's correct! The PPV of the school nurse’s exam is equal to the number of true positive cases divided by the total number of those that the school nurse labels as positive. In this exam, the PPV is 34.6% (90 true myopic children divided by 260 children labeled as myopic by the school nurse). Question 4 A school nurse examined a population of 1,000 children in an attempt to detect nearsightedness. The prevalence of myopia in this population is known to be 15%. The sensitivity of the examination is 60% and its specificity is 80%. All children labeled as “positive” (i.e., suspected of having myopia) by the school nurse are sent for examination by an optometrist. The sensitivity of the optometrist’s examination is 98% and its specificity is 90%. How many children will be labeled myopic following the optometrist’s exam? That's correct! Since the optometrist will only test children who have been labeled as myopic by the school nurse, the testing group for this sequential exam is 260 children. The optometrist labels 105 children as myopic. Among the 90 myopic children correctly referred by the school nurse, the optometrist identifies 88 of them as myopic (98% sensitivity multiplied by 90 true cases of myopia). Further, the optometrist will incorrectly identify 17 false positive cases among the 170 children referred by the school nurse who do not have myopia. The sum of the cases labeled as positive by the optometrist equals 105 children (89 true cases plus 17 false positive cases). [Show More]

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