*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > FNP pre-test Review Questions and Answers Latest updated 100% CORRECT (All)

FNP pre-test Review Questions and Answers Latest updated 100% CORRECT

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FNP pre-test Review 1. (2) You are reading an evidence based article published in a refereed journal and note a confidence interval (CI) related to the following statement: “Terminally ill bone c... ancer patient in the final stages of illness have several episodes of illness have several episodes of nausea every 24 hours.” Which of the following is true? a. The smaller the CI, less value deviate from the mean b. The larger the CI, the more precise the range of values c. The smaller the CI, the more deviates from the mean d. The smaller the CI, the more precise the range of values. *A smaller CI indicates more precise the information. The CI is a specified probability that includes the parameter being estimated. 2. (5) Brenda, 57, is a mother of three and was diagnosed with Prinzmetal’s angina. Which medication classification is most indicated for this patient’s treatment and control? a. Glycoprotein IIb/IIa inhibitors b. Angiotensin II converting enzyme inhibitors c. Beta blockers d. Calcium channel blockers *Prinzmetal’s angina is the result of coronary vasospasm, rather than atherosclerosis. Prinzmetal’s (variant) occurs at various times, including rest. Levine’s sign—“clenched fist sign” 90% diagnostic for angina. ST elevation on MI and Prinzmetal’s (p. 315) 3. (20) A caretaker is taking an Alzheimer’s patient for a walk and hands him his jacket. However, the patient merely looks back at the caretaker and stares, as though he is confused. What should the caretaker do? a. Put the jacket on the patient b. Assume that the patient doesn’t need that coat and continue the walk c. Cancel the walk and reschedule for another time. d. Remind the patient by telling him to put his jacket on again. *Patient seemingly confused state describes a classic example of apraxia, the inability to perform a previously learned task. Apraxia is a common finding of AD. 1A reminder would not lead the patient to put on the jacket as he has forgotten how to complete the task at hand. 4. (25) You are examining an infant with red-brown vesiculopapular lesions and curved burrows on the head, neck, palms and soles. The infant appears to have sensations of intense itching. Which of the following dermatologic conditions is the most likely cause of the infant’s findings? a. Scabies b. Molluscum contagiosum c. Atopic dermatitis d. Varicella zoster *Unlike scabies in adults, infants patient do not present with lesions on the skin folds. The presence of curved burrows help to distinguish scabies from varicella zoster virus. (p. 102) Scabies is highly contagious skin infestation caused by parasitic mite that burrows into stratum corneum. Spread through the direct or indirect contact with personal item. S/S: intense itching, irritability in infants, linear curved burrows. Infants—red-brown vesiculopapular lesions on head, neck, palms, or soles. Older children—red papules on skin folds, umbilicus, or abdomen (hand between fingers). 5. (28) You have been assisting a patient with AIDS over the past year. What medication does an AIDS patient usually take daily for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis? a. Penicillin G b. Trimethropin-sulfamethoxazole c. Valacyclovir d. Azithromycin *Bactrim for Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia prophylaxis (p. 238). 6. (29) Susan, a 47-year-old female, presents with blue sclera, a triangular face, and complaints of a loss of hearing. Based on these manifestations, which of the following genetic disorders would you attribute to Susan? a. Osteogenesis imperfect b. Valgum syndrome 2c. Rhett syndrome d. Femoral retroversion bilaterally *Osteogenesis imperfect type I characteristic include: bone that fracture easily, predisposing family history; near normal or slightly shorter stature, blue sclera, dental problems, triangular face, tendency toward spinal curvatures, hearing loss beginning in early 20-30s; most fractures occur before puberty. Rhett syndrome characterized by reversals in expressive language and hand movement and the patient would have experienced symptoms very early in childhood. 7. (30) You specialize in caring for the elderly and are concerned about a recent spike of suicide in the elderly community. What are the two major reasons that the elderly commit suicide? a. Dementia and overmedication b. Medical disability and loneliness c. Poor support system and future uncertain d. Financial instability and lack to access care. *Statistic show that in the elderly loneliness and medical disability are the two major reasons for suicide. 8. (32) You are monitoring a toddler who has serous otitis media. The parents want to understand the treatment their child will receive. Which of the following would be the most appropriate way to manage this condition? a. Antihistamines b. Monitor and re-evaluate in three months c. Decongestants d. Oral antibiotics *Oral antibiotics are not typically used to treat serous otitis media since this condition does not have a bacterial pathology a majority of the time. (p. 113) Management: watchful monitoring for three months; antibiotic therapy no longterm efficacy, antihistamines/decongestants ineffective. Re-evaluate in three to six months. [Show More]

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