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EMT--Basic Review for NREMT CBT Examinations | EMT--Basic Review for NREMT CBT Exam Test Bank Full

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EMT--Basic Review for NREMT CBT Exam Test Bank Full Snoring respirations are most rapidly managed by A. suctioning the oropharynx B. initiating assisted ventilations C. correctly positioning t... he head D. inserting an oropharnygeal airway - correctly positioning the head Which of the following patients would be most in need of a rapid trauma assessment? A. an awake and alert 19-year-old man with a small caliber gunshot wound to the abdomen B. A conscious 25-year-old woman who fell 12' from a roof and landed on her side C. A 43-year-old woman with a unilaterally swollen, painful deformity of the femur D. a 60-year old man who fell from a standing position and has an abrasion on his check - an awake and alert 19-year-old man with a small caliber gunshot wound to the abdomen Which of the following bones is affected with a swollen, painful deformity to the lateral bone of the left forearm? A. Ulna B. Radius C. Clavicle D. Humerus - Radius During your assessment of a 34-year old man with a gunshot wound to the chest, you note that his skin is pale. This finding is most likely caused by A. a critically low blood pressure B. increased blood flow to the skin C. decreased blood flow to the skin D. peripheral dilation of the vasculature - decreased blood flow to the skin An 80-year old woman has pain in the right upper quadrant of her abdomen and a yellowish tinge to her skin. You should suspect dysfunction of the A. liver B. spleen C. pancreas D. gallbladder - liver Which of the following situations is an example of abandonment? A. An EMT--Paramedic givers a verbal report to any emergency nurse. B. An EMT--Intermediate assumes patient care from an EMT-Basic C. An EMT--Basic transfers care of a patient to patient to an EMT-Paramedic D. A first responder assumes patient care from an EMT-Intermediate - A first responder assumes patient care from an EMT-Intermediate Which artery should you palpate when assessing for a pulse in an unresponsive 6-month old patient? A. Radial B. Carotid C. Femoral D. Brachial - Brachial During the initial assessment of a trauma patient, you note massive facial injuries, weak radial pulses, and clammy skin. What should be your most immediate concern? A. Potential obstruction of the airway B. Internal bleeding and severe shock C. Applying 100% supplemental oxygen D. Providing rapid transport to a trauma center - Potential obstruction of the airway You are called to treat a male patient who overdosed on heroin and is unconscious with shallow breathing and cyanosis to the face. The patient suddenly begins to vomit. What should you do first? A. Suction the oropharynx B. Turn the patient onto his side. C. Insert an oropharyngeal airway. D. Assist ventilations with 100% oxygen. - Turn the patient onto his side. The scene size up includes all of the following components, EXCEPT A. determining scene safety B. applying personal protective gear C. assessing the need for assistance D. evaluating the mechanism of injury - applying personal protective gear In which of the following patients would an oropharyngeal airway be indicated? A. Any patient suspected of having hypoxia B. A semiconscious patient with an intact gag reflex C. A semiconscious patient who took an overdose of propoxyphene D. An unconscious patient with fluid drainage from the ears - An unconscious patient with fluid drainage from the ears Upon arriving at the scene of a multiple vehicle crash, you can see that at least two patients have been ejected from their vehicles. What should you do next? A. Begin triage B. Treat the most critical patient first C. Gather all of the patients together D. Call for at least one more ambulance - Call for at least one more ambulance A 75 year old man has generalized weakness and chest pain. He has a bottle of prescribed nitroglycerin and he states that he has not taken any of his medication. After initiating oxygen therapy, you should next A. apply the AED and prepare the patient for immediate transport B. perform a detailed physical examination to located any other problems. C. contact medical control for permission to assist the patient with his nitroglycerin. D. complete a focused physical examination, including obtaining baseline vital signs. - complete a focused physical examination, including obtaining baseline vital signs. Which of the following organs is not part of the endocrine system? A. Thyroid B. Pituitary C. Pancreas D. Gallbladder - Gallbladder Which of the following injuries or conditions should be managed first? A. Fluid drainage from both ears B. Bleeding within the oral cavity C. A large open abdominal wound D. Bilateral fractures of the femurs - Bleeding within the oral cavity You arrive at a residence where you find a man lying unconscious in his front yard. There were no witnesses to the event that caused the unconsciousness. In assessing this man, you must assume that he A. has sustained an injury B. is having a heart attack C. is having a diabetic reaction D. is having a heat-related emergency - has sustained an injury When is the best time to perform a detailed physical examination? A. While enroute to the hospital B. After all life threats have been ruled out C. Immediately after taking baseline vital signs D. Following the initial assessment of a trauma patient. - While enroute to the hospital Which of the following conditions would most likely cause flushed skin? A. Shock B. Hypoxia C. Exposure to heat D. Low blood pressure - Exposure to heat During the rapid trauma assessment of a patient with multiple injuries, you expose the chest and find an open wound with blood bubbling from it. What should you do next? A. Apply 100% supplemental oxygen. B. Provide rapid transport to the hospital C. Prevent air from entering the wound. D. Place a porous dressing over the wound. - Prevent air from entering the wound. You are called to a local park for a 7-year old boy with respiratory distress. During your assessment, you find that the patient is wheezing and has wide-spread hives and facial edema. What should you suspect has occurred? A. Heat emergency B. allergic reaction C. Acute asthma attack D. Exposure to a poisonous plant - allergic reaction A common side effect of nitroglycerin is A. nausea B. headache C. hypertension D. chest discomfort - headache As you assess a 56-year old man, you note that he is pulseless and apneic. As your partner gets the AED from the ambulance, you should A. obtain a medical history from the wife. B. place the patient in the recovery position C. perform CPR until the AED is ready to use D. conduct a detailed examination of the patient. - perform CPR until the AED is ready to use Prescribed inhalers, such as albuterol (Ventolin), relieve respiratory distress by A. constricting the bronchioles in the lungs. B. contracting the smaller airways in the lungs. C. relaxing the smooth muscle of the bronchioles. D. dilating the large mainstem bronchi of the airway. - relaxing the smooth muscle of the bronchioles. In a patient with cardiac compromise, you would be LEAST likely to encounter A. anxiety B. dyspnea C. headache D. chest pain - headache When monitoring a patient with a head injury, the most reliable indicator of his or her condition is the A. pupillary reaction B. level of consciousness C. systolic blood pressure D. rate and depth of breathing - level of consciousness A 56-year-old man with a history of cardiac problems reports pain in the upper midabdominal area. This region of the abdomen is called the A. peritoneum B. epigastrium C. mediastinum D. retroperitoneum - epigastrium Which of the following mechanisms cause respiratory and circulatory collapse during anaphylactic shock? A. Bronchodilation and vasodilation B. Bronchodilation and vasoconstriction C. Bronchoconstriction and vasodilation D. Bronchoconstriction and vasoconstriction - Bronchoconstriction and vasodilation In the patient with diabetes, hypoglycemia typically presents with A. dry skin and a slow onset B. dry skin and a rapid onset C. clammy skin and a slow onset D. clammy skin and a rapid onset - clammy skin and a rapid onset Which of the following signs would LEAST suggest a diabetic emergency? A. Bradycardia B. Tachycardia C. Combativeness D. Fruity breath odor - Bradycardia Which of the following patients would be at most risk for suicide? A. A woman who quit her job for one that pays more B. A man who is in the midst of losing a significant relationship C. A man who is planning a family trip, but gets called away to work D. An EMT who saved a drowning child and receives a lot of media attention - A man who is in the midst of losing a significant relationship A middle-aged woman has acute shortness of breath and respirations of 30 breath/min. How should you first manage this patient? A. Assess respiratory quality B. Begin assisting ventilations. C. Apply supplemental oxygen D. Perform a detailed examination - Assess respiratory quality To obtain the most reliable assessment of a patient's tidal volume, you should A. assess for retractions B. listen for airway noises C. count the respiratory rate D. look at the rise of the chest - look at the rise of the chest As you are performing CPR on an elderly man, his wife presents you with a "do not resuscitate" order. Your most appropriate course of action is to A. ignore the document and continue the CPR B. comply with the document and stop CPR C. continue CPR until medical control is notified D. withhold CPR until medical control validates the order - continue CPR until medical control is notified A 5 year old boy complains of pain to the right lower quadrant of his abdomen. Correct assessment of this child's abdomen includes A. avoiding palpation of the abdomen B. palpating the left upper quadrant first C. auscultating bowel sounds for 2 minutes D. palpating the right lower quadrant first - palpating the left upper quadrant first In most states; the EMT-Basic is required to report which of the following occurrences? A. Animal bite B. drug overdose C. Injury to a minor D. Motor vehicle crash - Animal bite A set of regulations and ethical considerations that define the extent or limits of an EMT-Basic's job is called A. a duty to act B. confidentiality C. scope of practice D. the Medical Practices Act (??? can't read this for sure) - scope of practice A 9-year-old girl was struck by a car while she was crossing the street and is displaying signs of shock. During your assessment, you note a large contusion over the left upper quadrant of her abdomen. Which of the following organs has most likely been injured? A. Liver B. Kidney C. Spleen D. Pancreas - Spleen The automated external defibrillator (AED) should NOT be used in patients who A. are between 1 and 8 years of age B. experienced a witnessed cardiac arrest C. are apneic and have a weak carotid pulse D. have a nitroglycerin patch applied to the skin - are apneic and have a weak carotid pulse As you step out of the ambulance at the scene of a nighttime motor vehicle crash on the highway, your immediate concern should be A. oncoming traffic B. whether the car will catch on fire C. placing safety flares by the ambulance D. quick assessment of the patients in the car - oncoming traffic Which of the following actions should be carried out during the initial assessment of an unconscious patient? A. Assessing the skin B. Palpating the cranium C. Auscultating the lungs D. Obtaining a blood pressure - Assessing the skin You arrive at the scene shortly after a 55-year-old man collapsed. Two bystanders are performing CPR. The man's wife states that he had cardiac by-pass surgery approximately 6 months earlier. There are no signs of trauma. Your first action in the management of this patient should be to A. attach an AED and analyze the cardiac rhythm. B. check the effectiveness of the CPR in progress. C. insert an oropharyngeal airway and continue CPR D. stop CPR so you can assess pulse and breathing - stop CPR so you can assess pulse and breathing You arrive at the scene shortly after a 55-year-old man collapsed. Two bystanders are performing CPR. The man's wife states that he had cardiac by-pass surgery approximately 6 months earlier. There are no signs of trauma. Cardiac arrest in the adult population is most often the result of A. an acute stroke B. respiratory failure C. cardiac arrhythmias D. myocardial infarction - cardiac arrhythmias You arrive at the scene shortly after a 55-year-old man collapsed. Two bystanders are performing CPR. The man's wife states that he had cardiac by-pass surgery approximately 6 months earlier. There are no signs of trauma. After you attach the AED and analyze this patient's heart rhythm, the machine states, "shock advised." What cardiac rhythm is the patient most likely in? A. Asystole B. Ventricular fibrillation C. Ventricular tachycardia D. Pulseless electrical activity - Ventricular fibrillation Immediately upon delivery of a newborn's head, you should first A. dry the face B. cover the eyes C. suction the nose D. suction the mouth - suction the mouth You assess a newborn with cyanosis to the chest and face and a heart rate of 90 beats/min. What should you do next? A. Resuction the mouth. B. Briskly dry off the infant. C. Begin chest compressions D. Begin artificial ventilations - Begin artificial ventilations An EMT-B's failure to obtain consent to treat a patient could result in allegations of A. battery B. negligence C. abandonment D. breach of duty - battery Which of the following describe the MOST appropriate method of performing chest compressions on an adult patient in cardiac arrest? A. Compress the chest to a depth of 1 1/2" to 2", allow full recoil of the chest after each compression, minimize interruptions in chest compressions. B. Allow full recoil of the chest after each compression, compress the chest to a depth of 2", deliver compressions at a rate of at least 80/min C. Do not interrupt chest compressions for any reason, compress the chest to a depth of 1 1/2" to 2", allow partial recoil of the chest after each compression D. Minimize interruptions in chest compressions, provide 70% compression time and 30% relaxation time, deliver compressions at a rate of 100/min - Compress the chest to a depth of 1 1/2" to 2", allow full recoil of the chest after each compression, minimize interruptions in chest compressions Prevention of cardiac arrest in infants and small children should focus primarily on A. keeping the child warm B. avoiding upsetting the child C. providing immediate transport D. providing airway management - providing airway management You are managing a conscious patient who you believe is having an acute ischemic stroke. After administering oxygen, your next priority should include: A. providing prompt transport for possible fibrinolytic therapy. B. determining whether the patient has prescribed nitroglycerin C. closely monitoring the blood pressure D. completing a detailed physical examination before providing transport. - providing prompt transport for possible fibrinolytic therapy. Which of the following patients with diabetes should receive oral glucose? A. A confused patient who has cool, clammy skin B. A confused patient who has suspected C. A semiconscious patient with pale skin D. An unconscious patient who took too much insulin - A confused patient who has cool, clammy skin During a bar fight, a 22-year old man was stabbed in the chest with a large knife. The patient is pulseless and apneic, and the knife is impaled in the center of his chest. management should include A. stabilizing the knife, starting CPR, and providing rapid transport B. stabilizing the knife, applying an occlusive dressing and providing rapid transport C. removing the knife, starting CPR, and providing rapid transport D. removing the knife, applying an occlusive dressing, and providing rapid transport. - removing the knife, starting CPR, and providing rapid transport in which of the following patients would nitroglycerin be contraindicated? A. 41-year-old male with crushing chest pressure, a blood pressure of 160/90 mm Hg, and sever nausea B. 53-year old male with chest discomfort, diaphoresis, a blood pressure of 146/66 mm Hg, and regular use of Cialis C. 58-year old male with chest pain radiating to the left arm, a blood pressure of 130/64 mm Hg, and prescribed Tegretol D. 66-year-old female with chest pressure of 6 hours' durationi, lightheadedness, and a blood pressure of 110/58 mm Hg - 53-year old male with chest discomfort, diaphoresis, a blood pressure of 146/66 mm Hg, and regular use of Cialis Firefighters have rescued a man from his burning house. he is conscious and in considerable respiratory distress. He has a brassy cough and singed nasal hairs. The most immediate threat to this patient's life is A. hypothermia B. severe burns C. sever infection D. closure of the airway - closure of the airway You respond to a call for a shooting at a local bar. You arrive at the scene and find a young man sitting against the wall, screaming in pain, with bright red blood spurting from a wound near his groin. What should you do first? A. Ensure an open airway B. administer 100% oxygen C. Apply pressure to the wound D. Transport the patient at once. - Apply pressure to the wound Patients with closed head injuries often have pupillary changes and A. paralysis B. paresthesia C. hypertension D. tachycardia - hypertension When assessing a patient with a reduction in tidal volume, you would expect the respirations to be A. deep B. labored C. shallow D. dyspneic - shallow Prior to applying a nonrebreathing mask on a patient with difficult breathing you should A. set the flow rate to no more than 10 L/min. B. prefill the reservoir bag to ensure delivery of 100% oxygen C. insert a nasopharyngeal airway to maintain airway patency. D. perform a complete physical examination to determine the degree of hypoxia. - prefill the reservoir bag to ensure delivery of 100% oxygen A 60-year-old woman is experiencing severe respiratory distress. When you ask her a question, she can only say two words at a time. You should manage this patient by A. inserting a nasopharyngeal airway B. providing positive pressure ventilations. C. applying a nasal cannula set at 2 to 6 L/min. D. applying a nonrebreathing mask set at 15 L/min. - providing positive pressure ventilations. The most effective method for determining whether you are providing adequate artificial ventilation is A. assessing the chest for adequate rise B. assessing the pulse for a improving heart rate C. checking the pupils for increased reactivity D. checking the skin for improvement of cyanosis - assessing the chest for adequate rise You are administering oxygen to a woman with asthma who took two puffs of her prescribed inhaler without relief prior to your arrival. Your next action should be to A. contact medical control for further advice B. administer one more puff from the inhaler C. provide immediate transport to the hospital D. confirm that her inhaler is prescribed to her - contact medical control for further advice Unconsciousness, shallow breathing, and constricted pupils are most indicative of what type of drug overdose? A. Narcotic B. Marijuana C. Barbiturate D. Amphetamine - Narcotic When dealing with an emotionally disturbed patient, you should be concerned with A. providing safe transport B. whether the patient could harm you C. obtaining a complete medical history D. gathering all of the patient's medications - whether the patient could harm you During your initial assessment of an unconscious adult patient, you find the patient is apneic. You should next A. assess for a carotid pulse B. begin chest compressions C. deliver two rescue breaths d. place an oropharyngeal airway - deliver two rescue breaths A 6 year old male, who weighs 40 pounds, ingested a bottle of aspirin approximately 20 minutes ago. Medical control orders you to administer activated charcoal in a dose of 1 g/kg. How much activated charcoal will you administer? A. 12 g B. 14 g C. 18 g D. 24 g - 18 g Upon delivery of a baby's head, you see that the umbilical cord is wrapped around its neck. You should manage this situation initially by A. clamping and cutting the umbilical cord B. gently pulling on the cord to facilitate removal C. trying to remove the cord from around the neck. D. keeping the cord moist and providing rapid transport - trying to remove the cord from around the neck. You arrive at the scene shortly after a 3-year old female experienced a seizure. The child, who is being held by her mother, is conscious and crying. The mother tells you that her daughter has been ill recently and has a temperature of 102.5 degrees F. What is the MOST appropriate treatment for this child? A. Oxygen via pediatric nonrebreathing mask, place the child in a tub of cold water to lower her body temperature, and transport B. Oxygen via the blow-by technique, remove clothing and cool the child with towels soaked in tepid water, and transport. C. Oxygen via pediatric nonrebreathing mask, avoid any measures to lower the child's body temperature, and transport at once. D. Oxygen via the blow-by technique, transport at once and request a paramedic rendezvous so that an anticonvulsant drug can be given - Oxygen via the blow-by technique, remove clothing and cool the child with towels soaked in tepid water, and transport. You receive a call to a local daycare center for a 3-year old boy who is not breathing. When you arrive and assess the child, you find him to be in cardiopulmonary arrest. You initiate CPR and request a back-up ambulance. As you are performing one-rescuer CPR, your partner prepares the AED. The appropriate compression to ventilation ratio for this child is A. 3:1 B. 5:1 C. 15:2 D. 30:2 - 30:2 You receive a call to a local daycare center for a 3-year old boy who is not breathing. When you arrive and assess the child, you find him to be in cardiopulmonary arrest. You initiate CPR and request a back-up ambulance. After attaching the AED, you push the analyze button and receive a "shock advised" message. After delivering the shock, you should A. assess for a carotid pulse B. immediately perform CPR C. reanalyze the cardiac rhythm D. open the airway and ventilate - immediately perform CPR You receive a call to a local daycare center for a 3-year old boy who is not breathing. When you arrive and assess the child, you find him to be in cardiopulmonary arrest. You initiate CPR and request a back-up ambulance. A paramedic unit arrives at the scene to provide assistance. After one of the paramedics intubates the child, you should deliver ventilations at a rate of A. 6 to 8 breaths/min B. 8 to 10 breaths/min C. 10 to 12 breaths/min D. 12 to 20 breaths/min. - 8 to 10 breaths/min You receive a call to a local daycare center for a 3-year old boy who is not breathing. When you arrive and assess the child, you find him to be in cardiopulmonary arrest. You initiate CPR and request a back-up ambulance. In infants and children, the most detrimental effect of gastric distention is A. increased ease of ventilations B. decreased ventilatory volume C. acute rupture of the diaphragm D. less effective chest compressions - decreased ventilatory volume Which of the following parameters would be most reliable as an indicator of perfusion in a 1 year old child? A. Heart rate B. capillary refill C. Blood pressure D. Respiratory rae - capillary refill While managing a patient with acute shortness of breath, you prepare and apply a nonrebreathing mask set at 12 L/min. The patient pulls the mask away from his face, stating that it is smothering him. You should next A. increase the oxygen flow and reapply the mask B. securely tape the oxygen mask to the patient's face C. reassure the patient and apply a nasal cannula instead D. inform the patient that refusing oxygen might result in his death - reassure the patient and apply a nasal cannula instead Signs of inadequate breathing in an unconscious patient include A. a fast heart rate B. warm, moist skin C. equal breath sounds D. a rapid respiratory rate - a rapid respiratory rate Initial attempts at providing artificial ventilation should be accomplished using A. the one-person bag valve mask technique B. the two-person bag valve mask technique C. a pocket mask with supplemental oxygen D. a flow-restricted oxygen-powered ventilation device - a pocket mask with supplemental oxygen The most effective means of preventing the spread of disease is A. effective handwashing B. up-to-date immunizations C. wearing gloves with all patients D. wearing a mask with all patients - effective handwashing You have completed your prehospital care report and left a copy at the hospital when you realize that you forgot to document a pertinent finding on the front of the report. Your most appropriate action would be to A. attach an addendum to the original run report. B. write the information on the original run report. C. complete a new run report and add the information. D. take no action and report the event to your supervisor - attach an addendum to the original run report An awake and alert 92-year-old woman with chest pain is refusing EMS treatment and transport to the hospital. Her family insists that you transport her. This situation is most appropriately managed by A. transporting the patient as the family wishes. B. advising the patient of the risks of refusing care C. obtaining a signed refusal from a family member D. transporting the patient as you explain your actions. - advising the patient of the risks of refusing care At the scene of a mass-casualty incident, you notice a bystander who is clearly emotionally upset. An appropriate action to take would be to A. tell the bystander to leave the scene at once. B. have the bystander assist you with patient care C. notify the police and have the bystander removed D. assign the bystander a simple, non-patient-care task - assign the bystander a simple, non-patient-care task Which of the following situations would necessitate treatment using implied consent? A. A 16 year old pregnant girl with an isolated extremity injury B. An 18-year old man who is now alert after receiving oral glucose C. A 25 year old man who is restless and has severe chest pain and diaphoresis D. A 65-eyar old man who is semiconscious and suspected of having a severe stroke - A 65-eyar old man who is semiconscious and suspected of having a severe stroke Which of the following patients would MOST likely present with atypical signs and symptoms of acute myocardial infarction? A. 72-year old female with diabetes and hypertension B. 64-year old male with renal disease and depression C. 59 year old male with alcoholism and angina pectoris D. 55-year old female with COPD and frequent infections - 72-year old female with diabetes and hypertension While assessing a patient with chest pain, you note that the patient's pulse is irregular. This most likely indicates A. acute myocardial infarction or angina pectoris B. a dysfunction in the left side of the patient's heart C. high blood pressure that is increasing cardiac workload D. abnormalities in the heart's electrical conduction system - abnormalities in the heart's electrical conduction system While a man was using a chainsaw to trim branches from a tree, it slipped and caused a large laceration to his left forearm. Bright red blood is spurting from the wound. The patient is conscious, alert, and talking. You should first A. copen the patient's airway B. control the active bleeding C. apply supplemental oxygen D. thoroughly cleanse the wound - control the active bleeding After an initial attempt to ventilate a patient fails, you reposition the patient's head and reattempt ventilation without success. You should next A. assess for a carotid pulse and initiate CPR if necessary B. use a flow-restricted oxygen-powered ventilation device C. initiate airway obstruction removal techniques and provide transport D. continue to reposition the patient's head at the scene until you are able to secure a patent airway - initiate airway obstruction removal techniques and provide transport A 40-year old patient sustained full=thickness burns to the entire head, anterior chest, and both anterior upper extremities. Using the adult Rule of Nines, what percentage of the patient's body surface area has been burned? A. 18% B. 27% C. 36% D. 45% - 27% When assessing a patient with a complaint of chest pain, which of the following questions would you ask to assess the R in OPQRST? A. Did the pain begin suddenly or gradually B. What were you doing when the began? C. Is there anything that makes the pain worse? D. Is the pain in one place or does it move around? - Is the pain in one place or does it move around? Which of the following describes the most correct method for inserting a nasopharyngeal airway A. Insert the device with the bevel facing the septum B. Insert the device with the bevel facing the lateral aspect of the nose. C. Rotate the device as you insert it into the right nostril D. Apply firm, gentle pressure if you meet resistance during insertion. - Insert the device with the bevel facing the septum Which vital sign is the best indicator of cardiac output during the initial assessment? A. Pulse rate and quality B. Systolic blood pressure C. Quality of the respirations D. Condition and color of the skin - Pulse rate and quality After assisting a patient with her epinephrine auto-injector, you should dispose of the device by A. giving it to the patient to have it refilled B. placing the device in a red biohazard bag. C. placing the device in a puncture proof container D. replacing the cover and putting it in a trash can - placing the device in a puncture proof container Which of the following assessment findings would most suggest a systemic reaction following ingestion of a poison? A. Nausea and vomiting B. Burns around the mouth C. Tachycardia and hypotension D. Difficulty swallowing and burning in the mouth - Tachycardia and hypotension You are at the scene where a man panicked while swimming in a small lake. As you attempt to rescue this patient, you should first A. throw a rope to the patient B. row a small raft to the patient C. swim to the patient to rescue him D. attempt to grab the patient with a stick - throw a rope to the patient After removing a patient from the water, your assessment reveals that the patient is breathing inadequately and is continuously regurgitating large quantities of water. You should manage this patient by A. alternating suctioining with artificial ventilations B. performing abdominal thrusts to remove the water. C. placing the patient on the side and press in on the abdomen. D. initiating artificial ventilations after the patient stops regurgitating - alternating suctioining with artificial ventilations Your first action in managing a patient with an altered mental status should be to A. give the patient oral glucose B. administer 100% supplemental oxygen C. make sure that the patient is breathing adequately D. try to determine the cause of the altered mental status - make sure that the patient is breathing adequately Management of a patient with severe abdominal pain includes A. administering 100% oxygen B. auscultating for bowel sounds C. giving the patient sips of water D. placing the patient in a supine position - administering 100% oxygen Immediately following a generalized motor seizure, most patients are A. apneic B. confused C. hyperactive D. awake and alert - confused As you are providing initial ventilations to a patient with apnea using a bag-valve-mask device, you note minimal rise of the chest. You should next A. initiate the mouth-to mask technique B. increase the volume of the ventilations C. switch to a smaller mask for the BVM device D. ensure that a reservoir is attached to the BVM device - increase the volume of the ventilations As you begin your assessment of an unresponsive man who fell approximately 20' from a roof, you should first A. gently shake the patient to confirm unresponsiveness B. gently tilt the patient's head back to assess for breathing C. assess the rate, depth, and regularity of the patient's breathing D. manually stabilize the patient's head and perform a jaw-thrust maneuver - manually stabilize the patient's head and perform a jaw-thrust maneuver A 56-year old man has labored, shallow breathing at a rate of 28 breaths/min. He is conscious, but extremely restless. Airway management should consist of a. a nasal cannula b. a simple face mask c. a nonrebreathing mask d. positive pressure ventilation - positive pressure ventilation Indications that artificial ventilations in an apneic adult are ineffective include A. a normal heart rate B. improvement of skin color C. asymmetrical rise of the chest D. ventilations given at 12 breaths/min - asymmetrical rise of the chest The AED analyzes your pulseless and apneic patient's cardiac rhythm and advises that a shock is indicated. You should A. deliver the shock and resume CPR B. ensure that nobody is touching the patient C. perform CPR for 2 minutes and then deliver the shock D. push the analyze button to confirm that the shock is indicated - ensure that nobody is touching the patient The most appropriate management of a patient who has sustained widespread full-thickness burns following an explosion should consist of applying A. oxygen; dry, sterile dressings; warmth; and providing rapid transport B. oxygen; dry; sterile dressings; burn ointment; and providing rapid transport C. oxygen; moist; sterile dressings; warmth; and providing rapid transport D. oxygen; moist; sterile dressings; burn ointment; and providing rapid transport - oxygen; dry, sterile dressings; warmth; and providing rapid transport To ensure delivery of the highest concentration of oxygen to your patient using a nonrebreathing mask, you should A. set the flow rate to at least 12 L/min B. securely fasten the mask to the patient's face C. make sure that the reservoir bag is pre inflated D. cover the one-way valves on the oxygen mask - make sure that the reservoir bag is pre inflated You arrive at the scene where a 49 year old woman is found semiconscious on the floor of her living room. The patient's husband tells you that they were watching TV when this condition suddenly developed. No trauma was involved. The patient moans occasionally and has slight cyanosis to her lips. After performing a head tilt-chin lift maneuver on this patient, you should next A. assess her respirations B. determine the need for oxygen C. insert an oropharyngeal airway D. insert a nasopharyngeal airway - insert a nasopharyngeal airway You arrive at the scene where a 49 year old woman is found semiconscious on the floor of her living room. The patient's husband tells you that they were watching TV when this condition suddenly developed. No trauma was involved. The patient moans occasionally and has slight cyanosis to her lips. The patient's respirations are at a rate of 26 breaths/min and shallow. The most appropriate management includes A. a nasal cannula set at 1 to 6 L/min B. assisted ventilations with 100% oxygen C. a simple face mask set at 10 to 12 L/min D. A nonrebreathing mask set at 15 L/min - assisted ventilations with 100% oxygen You arrive at the scene where a 49 year old woman is found semiconscious on the floor of her living room. The patient's husband tells you that they were watching TV when this condition suddenly developed. No trauma was involved. The patient moans occasionally and has slight cyanosis to her lips. Shallow respirations will result in A. decreased tidal volume B. increased tidal volume C. increased oxygen intake D. increased carbon dioxide removal - decreased tidal volume You arrive at the scene where a 49 year old woman is found semiconscious on the floor of her living room. The patient's husband tells you that they were watching TV when this condition suddenly developed. No trauma was involved. The patient moans occasionally and has slight cyanosis to her lips. Skin will become cyanotic with A. an increase in the amount of venous oxygen B. an increase in the amount of arterial oxygen C. a decrease in the amount of arterial oxygen D. a decrease in circulating red blood cells - a decrease in the amount of arterial oxygen You are dispatched to the scene of a motorcycle crash in which two patients were injured. Upon arrival, you find that one patient, a 19-year-old woman, is conscious and alert and is being tended to by a police officer for minor scrapes and cuts. The second patient is a 20-year-old man who is found facedown approximately 25' from the motorcycle. he states that he cannot feel or move his legs. Neither patient was wearing a helmet. After taking body substance isolation precautions, you begin your initial assessment of the man. Your first action should be to A. apply an extrication collar B. stabilize his head manually C. evaluate the patency of his airway D. roll him to a supine position - stabilize his head manually You are dispatched to the scene of a motorcycle crash in which two patients were injured. Upon arrival, you find that one patient, a 19-year-old woman, is conscious and alert and is being tended to by a police officer for minor scrapes and cuts. The second patient is a 20-year-old man who is found facedown approximately 25' from the motorcycle. he states that he cannot feel or move his legs. Neither patient was wearing a helmet. You have given high concentration oxygen to the man and completed the remainder of your initial assessment. What should you do next? A. Obtain baseline vital signs B. Perform a rapid trauma assessment C. Conduct a detailed physical examination D. Immobilize the patient with a vest-style device - Perform a rapid trauma assessment You are dispatched to the scene of a motorcycle crash in which two patients were injured. Upon arrival, you find that one patient, a 19-year-old woman, is conscious and alert and is being tended to by a police officer for minor scrapes and cuts. The second patient is a 20-year-old man who is found facedown approximately 25' from the motorcycle. he states that he cannot feel or move his legs. Neither patient was wearing a helmet. As you are loading the man into the ambulance, the police officer advises you that the woman is refusing EMS treatment and transport. You should next A. ask the police officer to obtain a signed refusal from the patient as you proceed to the hospital B. ask the police officer to administer a breathalyzer test to determine if the patient has been drinking alcohol C. advise the patient that she should be transported to the hospital because of the seriousness of the crash D. obtain a signed refusal from the patient and ask the police officer to transport her to the hospital - advise the patient that she should be transported to the hospital because of the seriousness of the crash You are dispatched to the scene of a motorcycle crash in which two patients were injured. Upon arrival, you find that one patient, a 19-year-old woman, is conscious and alert and is being tended to by a police officer for minor scrapes and cuts. The second patient is a 20-year-old man who is found facedown approximately 25' from the motorcycle. he states that he cannot feel or move his legs. Neither patient was wearing a helmet. While en route to the hospital with the male patient, you begin a detailed physical exam. During the exam, you note that the patient's respiratory rate has increased. You should A. immediately notify the receiving facility B. count the number of respirations per minute C. assess his oxygen saturation with a pulse oximeter D. repeat the initial assessment and treat as needed - repeat the initial assessment and treat as needed ..............................CONTINUED (184pages) [Show More]

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