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A Level PSYCHOLOGY 7182/1 Question Paper 1 Introductory Topics in Psychology June 2021

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AQA A Level PSYCHOLOGY 7182/1 Question Paper 1 Introductory Topics in Psychology June 2021 / A Level PSYCHOLOGY 7182-1 Question Paper 1 Introductory Topics in Psychology June 2021 / A Level PSYCHOLOGY... Question Paper 1 Introductory Topics in Psychology June 2021 *jun217182101* IB/G/Jun21/E7 7182/1 For Examiner’s Use Section Mark A B C D TOTAL Time allowed: 2 hours Materials For this paper you may use: • a calculator. Instructions • Use black ink or black ball-point pen. • Fill in the boxes at the top of this page. • Answer all questions. You must answer the questions in the spaces provided. Do not write outside the box around each page or on blank pages. • If you need extra space for your answer(s), use the lined pages at the end of this book. Write the question number against your answer(s). • Do all rough work in this book. Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. Information • The marks for questions are shown in brackets. • The maximum mark for this paper is 96. • Questions should be answered in continuous prose. You will be assessed on your ability to: – use good English – organise information clearly – use specialist vocabulary where appropriate. Please write clearly in block capitals. Centre number Candidate number Surname Forename(s) Candidate signature I declare this is my own work. A-level PSYCHOLOGY Paper 1 Introductory topics in psychology 2 *02* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Section A Social influence Answer all questions in this section. 0 1 Describe how Zimbardo investigated conformity to social roles. [4 marks] Extra space 3 *03* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 0 2 Fewer and fewer people use single-use plastic items, such as water bottles and plastic straws. Using your knowledge of social influence processes in social change, explain why fewer and fewer people are using single-use plastic items. [6 marks] 0 3 A researcher wanted to investigate whether there was a relationship between locus of control and resistance to social influence. Before the investigation began, he devised a questionnaire to measure locus of control. Why would the researcher’s questionnaire produce primary data? Suggest one limitation of primary data. [2 marks] 4 *04* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 0 4 To assess the questionnaire’s validity, the researcher gave it to 30 participants and recorded the results. He then gave the same 30 participants an established questionnaire measuring locus of control. The researcher found a weak positive correlation between the two sets of results, suggesting that his questionnaire had low validity. Explain how the validity of the researcher’s questionnaire could be improved. [4 marks] 0 5 Discuss legitimacy of authority as an explanation for obedience. [8 marks] 5 *05* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Extra space 6 *06* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 7 *07* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Turn over for the next section 24 8 *08* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Section B Memory Answer all questions in this section. 0 6 Apart from the central executive, name and briefly outline two other components of the working memory model. [4 marks] 0 7 Evaluate the central executive as part of the working memory model. [4 marks] 9 *09* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 0 8 Natasha had studied a lot for her A-level Drama performance, mostly practising lines from a play alone in her room. However, once on stage in front of her teacher and the examiners, Natasha struggled to remember her lines. Instead, she kept quoting lines from a different play she had once learnt for GCSE. Discuss retrieval failure and interference as explanations for forgetting. Refer to Natasha’s drama performance in your answer. [16 marks] You may use this space to plan your answer. 10 *10* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 11 *11* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Extra space 12 *12* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 24 13 *13* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Section C Attachment Answer all questions in this section. Only one answer for each question is allowed. For each question completely fill in the circle alongside the appropriate answer. CORRECT METHOD WRONG METHODS If you want to change your answer you must cross out your original answer as shown. If you wish to return to an answer previously crossed out, ring the answer you now wish to select as shown. 0 9 Annie feeds her newborn baby regularly and they have formed a strong bond. According to the learning theory of attachment, before any attachment had been formed, the milk Annie gives her baby is best described as: Shade one box only. [1 mark] A a conditioned stimulus. B a neutral stimulus. C an unconditioned response. D an unconditioned stimulus. Turn over for the next question 14 *14* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 0 According to the learning theory of attachment, now she has formed an attachment with her baby, Annie is best described as: Shade one box only. [1 mark] A a conditioned stimulus. B a neutral stimulus. C an unconditioned response. D an unconditioned stimulus. 1 1 Outline one difference in attachment behaviours shown by infants who have an insecure-avoidant attachment and infants who have an insecure-resistant attachment. [2 marks] 15 *15* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 2 These different attachment types were first identified in Ainsworth’s ‘Strange Situation’. Evaluate the procedure known as the ‘Strange Situation’. [5 marks] Turn over for the next question 16 *16* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 3 Researchers investigated whether the experience of bullying is influenced by attachment type. They interviewed teenagers about their early attachment experiences. Following the interviews, the teenagers were categorised into two groups based on their attachment type: • Group 1 – secure attachment in childhood • Group 2 – insecure attachment (insecure-avoidant or insecure-resistant) in childhood. During the interview, the teenagers were also asked about their experience of bullying. They were categorised as either: • having had experience of bullying, or • having had no experience of bullying. Which statistical test would be most suitable to analyse the data in this investigation? With reference to this investigation, explain three reasons for your choice of test. [7 marks] 17 *17* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 4 Discuss the influence of early attachment on childhood relationships. Refer to the likely results of the study in Question 13 in your answer. [8 marks] 18 *18* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Extra space 19 *19* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 24 20 *20* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 5 Identify two behavioural characteristics of depression. [2 marks] 1 6 Briefly outline one way that a cognitive psychologist might treat depression by challenging irrational thoughts. [2 marks] 1 7 Describe the biological approach to treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). [4 marks] Section D Psychopathology Answer all questions in this section. 21 *21* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 1 8 Discuss statistical infrequency and deviation from social norms as definitions of abnormality. [16 marks] You may use this space to plan your answer. 22 *22* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box 23 *23* Turn over ► IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Extra space 24 *24* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box END OF QUESTIONS 24 25 *25* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box There are no questions printed on this page DO NOT WRITE ON THIS PAGE ANSWER IN THE SPACES PROVIDED 26 *26* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Question number Additional page, if required. Write the question numbers in the left-hand margin. 27 *27* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Question number Additional page, if required. Write the question numbers in the left-hand margin. 28 *28* IB/G/Jun21/7182/1 Do not write outside the box Question number Additional page, if required. Write the question numbers in the left-hand margin. Copyright information For confidentiality purposes, all acknowledgements of third-party copyright material are published in a separate booklet. This booklet is published after each live examination series and is available for free download from www.aqa.org.uk. Permission to reproduce all copyright material has been applied for. In some cases, efforts to contact copyright-holders may have been unsuccessful and AQA will be happy to rectify any omissions of acknowledgements. If you have any queries please contact the Copyright Team. Copyright © 2021 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. *216A7182/1* [Show More]

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