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NLN PRACTICE PHARM EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE

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NLN PRACTICE PHARM EXAM QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 2022 LATEST UPDATE A client who has renal failure has all of these prescriptions. Which on should a nurse question? (single answer) • Ampicilli... n sodium (omnipien-N) • Calcitriol (Rocaltrol) • Diphenhydramine hydrochloride (Benadryl) • Tobramycin sulfate (Nebcin) - Correct Answer- d. Tobramycin sulfate (Nebcin) A client has an order for 200 mg of cimetidine hydrochloride (Tagamet) IM. It is supplied in a vial that contains 300 mg/2 mL. How many milliters should a nurse administer to the client? (single answer) • 0.6 • 0.75 • 1.3 • 1.5 - Correct Answer- c. 1.3 A client is scheduled to start antibiotic therapy. Prior to administration of the initial dose; a nurse should • Ensure culture and sensitivity specimens have been obtained • Obtain the client's body temperature • Measure the client's urine output • Determine the client's weight - Correct Answer- a. Ensure culture and sensitivity specimens have been obtained An 18-month-old child who weights 37 lb (17kg) has a temperature of 103 F (39.4 C). A physician orders acetaminophen (Tylenol) 15 mg/kg. How many milligrams should a nurse administer? • 120 • 148 • 200 • 255 - Correct Answer- d. 255 A nurse is assessing a client who is taking glyburide (DiaBeta). Which of these client manifestations who indicate the need for FURTHER assessment prior to administering the scheduled dose of the medication? • Cool, wet skin • Elevated blood pressure • Frequent urination • Blurred vision - Correct Answer- a. Cool, wet skin Which of these statements, if made by a client who is receiving warfarin sodium (Coumadin), should indicate to a nurse that the client has a correct understanding of the medication instructions? • I will shave with an electric razor. • I will increase my intake of green vegetables. • I will use unwaxed dental floss twice daily. • I will decrease my daily dose if I feel fatigued. - Correct Answer- a. I will shave with an electric razor. A nurse should instruct a client who has been taking fentanyl (Duragesic) for several weeks to • Taper this medication slowly when discontinuing its use • Increase the dosage when pain persists for several hours • Limit physical activity while on this medication • Vigorously rub medication into skin - Correct Answer- a. Taper this medication slowly when discontinuing its use A nurse should observe a client who is taking captopril (Capoten) for adverse effects, which include • Dehydration • Peripheral edema • Hyperglycemia • Persistent cough - Correct Answer- d. Persistent cough Which of these changes should a nurse expect to observe if a client has a therapeutic effect to amlodipine (Norvasc)? • Greater flexibility • Decreased blood pressure • Improved cognition • Decreased pain - Correct Answer- b. Decreased blood pressure A nurse should observe a client who is taking a calcium channel blocker for side effects, which include • Hypertension • Urinary retention • Weight loss • Diplopia - Correct Answer- d. Diplopia A nurse should recognize that enoxaparin (Lovenox) is CONTRAINDICATED in a client who has a history of • Congestive health failure • Kidney stones • Bleeding disorder • Asthma - Correct Answer- c. Bleeding disorder A nurse is teaching a client who has osteoarthritis about naproxen (Naprosyn). The nurse should include which of these instructions? • Maximum effectiveness may take two to four weeks of continued therapy • The medication may be taken with aspirin to improve pain relief. • You will need to carefully monitor your blood sugar levels • It is important that you avoid sun exposure - Correct Answer- a. Maximum effectiveness may take two to four weeks of continued therapy CONTINUES... [Show More]

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