Health Care > EXAM > ATI PN Comprehensive Predictor Form A, B, C & D| Questions and Answers | LATEST, 2021 (All)

ATI PN Comprehensive Predictor Form A, B, C & D| Questions and Answers | LATEST, 2021

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ATI PN Comprehensive Predictor Form A, B, C & D| Questions and Answers | LATEST, 2021 The nurse is teaching a client with an ankle sprain about the drug ibuprofen (Advil). What should be included in ... the teaching? Correct Answer: Report any unusual bruising to the health care provider. Avoid the use of alcohol while taking ibuprofen. Do not take aspirin and ibuprofen together. Use sunscreen and protective clothing when outdoors. The pediatric nurse is assessing a child in the clinic who has tested positive for an influenza virus. Assessment vital signs reveal a temperature of 102.4°F (39.4°C). Which medication does the nurse anticipate will be ordered for the client? Select all that apply. Correct Answer: Ibuprofen (advil) acetaminophen (tylenol) The nurse on a surgical unit is assessing the incision of a client who underwent an exploratory laparotomy. Which incision description indicates a normal inflammatory response? Pink skin, separation, and pain Drainage, pallor, and pain Odor, necrosis, and hot to touch Redness, edema, and warmth to touch Correct Answer: Redness, edema, and warmth to touch The nurse is reviewing the use of acetylsalicyclic acid (aspirin [Bayer]) in the client population. Which clients could benefit from the use A client with mild back pain after a fall An adult client with a fever A client with inflammatory arthritis . A client with gastrointestinal bleeding A client with primary dysmenorrhea Correct Answer: A client with mild back pain after a fall An adult client with a fever A client with inflammatory arthritis A client with primary dysmenorrhea The nurse is assessing a client with tonsillitis. The client asks the nurse why the tissues in the neck seem swollen. Which nursing response is best? "Your lymph nodes and tissues sometimes swell in attempts to fight infection." "The swelling is a direct effect of histamine being released throughout the body." "T cells are activated in the neck area, which causes the neck to swell." "The neck area contains proteins that collect and cause the swelling." Correct Answer: "Your lymph nodes and tissues sometimes swell in attempts to fight infection." The nurse is reviewing the orders of a client admitted with a diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. Which order would the nurse question? Correct Answer: Ibuprofen (Advil) 200 mg, 2 tablets PO every 6 hours as needed for pain Arrange the steps of an initial acute inflammatory response in the correct order. Correct Answer: 1. pathogen invades 2. chemical mediators are released 3. nearby blood vessels dilate 4. capillaries become permeable 5. proteins enter affected area 6. pathogen is destroyed 7. damage is repaired Which nonspecific body defenses are considered the first line against infection? Select all that apply. Cilia Phagocytes Lymph node Mucous membranes Skin Correct Answer: Cilia Phagocytes Mucous membranes Which signs are associated with aspirin (Bayer) toxicity? Select all that apply. Tinnitus Decreased hearing Stomach discomfort Inflammation of joints Blood clots Correct Answer: tinnitus decreased hearing stomach discomfort Identify the type of immune response based on the description. cell-mediated immune response OR humoral immune response? t cells produce cytokines b lymphocytes become plasma cells cytokines kill antigens plasma cells produce immunoglobulins t lymphocytes are cloned b cells are cloned cytokines strength macrophages ANTIbodies code antigens for elimination Correct Answer: Type Description Cell-Mediated Immune Response T cells produce cytokines Humoral Immune Response B lymphocytes become plasma cells Cell-Mediated Immune Response Cytokines kill antigens Humoral Immune Response Plasma cells produce immunoglobulins Cell-Mediated Immune Response T lymphocytes are cloned Humoral Immune Response B cells are cloned Cell-Mediated Immune Response Cytokines strengthen macrophages Humoral Immune Response Antibodies code antigens for elimination When administering a recommended dose of acetaminophen (Tylenol) to an adult client, what results can you expect? Reduction of pain Few adverse effects No progression of inflammation Reduction of inflammation Reduction of fever Correct Answer: reduction of PAIN few adverse effects reduction of FEVER Prostaglandins provide several beneficial effects. Which beneficial effects are reduced when aspirin (Bayer) is used? Select all that apply. Protection from stomach acid Blood flow to the kidneys Clotting of blood Reduction of inflammation Maintenance of bronchial smooth muscle Correct Answer: Maintenance of bronchial smooth muscle Protection from stomach acid Blood flow to the kidneys Clotting of blood Which anti-inflammatory drug inhibits only one type of cyclooxygenase? Ecotrin Nuprin Motrin Celebrex Correct Answer: celebrex What instructions should you give to a client who is taking enteric-coated aspirin? Select all that apply. Take with 240 mL of water or milk. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Stop medication 2 days before dental work. Report pregnancy. Do not crush or chew the medication. Correct Answer: Avoid alcoholic beverages. Report pregnancy. Do not crush or chew the medication. What is the most common physical issue related to Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drug (NSAID) therapy that the nurse should assess for before and during administration? Migraine Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding Autoimmune disorder Dysrhythmia Correct Answer: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding Rosa Dillon, a 10-year-old client, is in the hospital following a car accident. She has sustained two broken ribs, along with cuts and bruises. As you clean and dress her wounds, Rosa worries because they are so swollen. As her nurse, what should you do to address Rosa's concerns? Assess for relief of symptoms. Explain how inflammation helps her body heal. Explain to her how the lymphatic system works. Consult with her admitting nurse. Correct Answer: Explain how inflammation helps her body heal. Tommy Powell and his mother have come to your clinic. Tommy is a 6-year-old who presents with symptoms of chickenpox. What is the drug of choice for controlling Tommy's fever and pain? Aspirin (Bayer) Celecoxib (Celebrex Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Morphine sulfate (Duramorph) Correct Answer: Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Your client, Mrs. Valya Nelson, has been taking celecoxib (Celebrex) for three years for rheumatoid arthritis. She recently self-medicated with 800 mg of ibuprofen (Advil) twice a day for pain. Mrs. Nelson reports being chronically tired. Her eyes and skin are jaundiced. What adverse effect do you suspect? Kidney disease Low potassium Liver dysfunction High cholesterol Correct Answer: Liver dysfunction A client admitted with gastric discomfort and peptic ulcer disease has a temperature of 102.8°F (39.65°C). Which ordered medication does the nurse select to administer? Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) Ketoprofen (Orudis) Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Ibuprofen (Advil) Correct Answer: Acetaminophen (Tylenol) TYLENOL DOES NOT CAUSE GASTRIC IRRITATION OR BLEEDING The nurse on the orthopedic unit is caring for a client with bone infection secondary to an open fracture of the right leg. The client was found in a field following a tornado injury. Which best explains the cause of the infection? The introduction of bacteria when the dressings were changed Inadequate nutrition to boost immunity The orthopedic surgeon's lack of sterility when treating the fracture The break in the skin caused by the open-fracture injury Corr [Show More]

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