Paediatrics > ATI > Peds- ATI Practice Exam B Latest Review Questions and answers. (All)

Peds- ATI Practice Exam B Latest Review Questions and answers.

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Peds- ATI Practice Exam B Latest Review Questions and answers. Nurse is reviewing lab results of a school age child 1 week postop following an open fracture repair. Which findings should nurse ID a... s indication of potential complication? a. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 18 mm/hr b. WBC count 6,200/mm3 c. C-reactive protein 1.4 mg/LRBC count 4.7 million/mm3 - a. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate 18 mm/hr - above the expected reference range of up to 10 mm/hr and is an indication of osteomyelitis. Wrong Answers: b. WBC count 6,200/mm3:- within the expected reference range of 5,000 to 10,000/mm3. -An elevated WBC count is an indication of osteomyelitis. c. C-reactive protein 1.4 mg/L:- within the expected reference range of <10.0 mg/L. -An elevated C-reactive protein level is an indication of osteomyelitis.RBC count 4.7 million/mm3:- within the expected reference range of 4.0 to 5.5 million/mm3. A decreased RBC count can indicate hemorrhage. Nurse planning care for school age child with tunneled CVA device. Which interventions should the nurse include in plan? a. Use sterile scissors to remove the dressing from the site. b. Irrigate each lumen weekly with 10 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution when not in use c. Access the site using a noncoring angled needle d. Use a semipermeable transparent dressing to cover the site - d. Use a semipermeable transparent dressing to cover the site- The nurse should cover the site with a semipermeable transparent dressing to reduce the risk of infection. Wrong Answers: a. Use sterile scissors to remove the dressing from the site - The nurse should avoid the use of scissors when performing dressing changes because this can result in accidental cutting of the catheter. b. Irrigate each lumen weekly with 10 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution when not in use - The nurse should flush each lumen of the catheter with a heparin solution daily when not in use. c. Access the site using a noncoring angled needle - The nurse should use a noncoring angled or straight needle when accessing an implanted port. Nurse is planning care to address nutritional needs for preschooler with cystic fibrosis. Which interventions should the nurse include in plans? a. Administer pancreatic enzymes 2 hr after meals. b. Discontinue the use of pancreatic enzymes if steatorrhea develops. c. Limit fluid intake to 750 mL per day. d. Increase fat content in the child's diet to 40% of total calories. - d. Increase fat content in the child's diet to 40% of total calories - A child who has cystic fibrosis is unable to properly digest fats due to fibrosis of the pancreas and limited secretion of pancreatic enzymes. The nurse should increase the child's fat intake to 35% to 40% of total caloric intake. Wrong Answers: a. Administer pancreatic enzymes 2 hr after meals - The nurse should plan to administer pancreatic enzymes within 30 min of meals and snacks to replace the enzymes lost with cystic fibrosis. b. Discontinue the use of pancreatic enzymes if steatorrhea develops - A child who has cystic fibrosis and develops steatorrhea, or fatty stools, might need to have their dosage of pancreatic enzyme increased by their provider until the steatorrhea resolves.c. Limit fluid intake to 750 mL per day - The nurse should encourage fluid intake, rather than restrict it, to prevent dehydration caused by the loss of sodium and chloride through perspiration. Nurse in ED auscultates lungs of adolescent experiencing dyspnea. Nurse should ID sound as what? a. Wheezes b. Crackles c. Pleural friction rub d. Rhonchi - a. Wheezes - high-pitched, musical or whistling-like sounds heard primarily on expiration as air passes through and vibrates narrowed airways. Wrong answers: b. Crackles - high-pitched, short, and noncontinuous sounds usually heard at the end of inspiration. Crackles occur when air expands deflated alveoli or when the passage of air through small airways is disrupted. c. Pleural friction rub - a loud, rough, grating sound that can be heard during inspiration or expiration. A pleural friction rub occurs when the pleurae are inflamed and the surfaces rub together. d. Rhonchi - low-pitched, continuous sounds that have a snore-like quality and are usually louder during expiration. Rhonchi occur when the larger airways are obstructed. Nurse assesses school age child with infratentorial brain tumor. Which findings should the nurse ID as manifestation of IICP? a. Hypotension b. Reports insomnia c. Difficulty concentrating d. Tachycardia - c. Difficulty concentrating- The nurse should identify that irritability, inability to follow commands, and difficulty concentrating are manifestations of IICP due to decreased blood flow within the brain and pressure on the brainstem. Wrong Answers: a. Hypotension - HTN is a late manifestation of IICP due to compression of the brain vessels. b. Reports insomnia - somnolence and lethargy are manifestations of IICP. c. Tachycardia - bradycardia is a late manifestation of IICP. Nurse assesses infant with pneumonia. Which findings is priority for nurse to report to HCP? a. Nasal flaring b. WBC count 11,300/mm3 c. Diarrhea d. Abdominal distension - a. Nasal flaring - When using the ABC approach to client care, the nurse should determine that the priority finding to report to the provider is nasal flaring. Nasal flaring indicates the infant is experiencing acute respiratory distress. Wrong Answers: b. WBC count 11,300/mm3 - The nurse should report a WBC count of 11,300/mm3 because it is above the expected reference range of 5,000 to 10,000/mm3 and indicates infection. However, there is another finding that is the priority for the nurse to report. c. Diarrhea - The nurse should report diarrhea because it is a manifestation of pneumonia in infants and indicates the current treatment is not effective. However, there is another finding that is the priority for the nurse to report.d. Abdominal distension - The nurse should report abdominal distension because it is a manifestation of pneumonia in infants and indicates the current treatment is not effective. However, there is another finding that is the priority for the nurse to report. Nurse in health department is caring for emancipated adolescent with STI and unaccompanied by guardian. Which actions should the nurse take? a. Have the adolescent sign a consent form for treatment. b. Instruct the adolescent to return with a guardian. c. Obtain consent from the adolescent's guardian over the phone d. Treat the adolescent without a consent form - a. Have the adolescent sign a consent form for treatment - The nurse should identify that an emancipated minor can sign the consent form for treatment of an STI or any other form of medical treatment requiring consent. Nurse teaches adolescent about how to manage tinea pedis. Which statements by adolescent indicates understanding of teaching? a. "I should buy plastic shoes to wear at the swimming pool." b. "I should wear sandals as much as possible." c. "I should place the permethrin cream between my toes twice daily." d. "I should seal my nonwashable shoes in plastic bags for a couple of weeks." - b. "I should wear sandals as much as possible." - Sandals allow air to circulate around the feet, decreasing perspiration and eliminating the medium for bacteria and fungus to grow. -The nurse should inform the adolescent that wearing sandals, open-toed, or well-ventilated shoes will promote healing of the fungal infection. [Show More]

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