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ATI Proctored Exam: Community Health (Public Health)

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ATI Proctored Exam: Community Health (Public Health) Community Health Nursing Theories - Nightingale's Theory of Environment - Health Belief Model - Likelihood of Taking Action Factors Answe... r- *Nightingale's Theory of Environment*: Focuses on impact of a person's environment on their health. Focus in on preventative care (washing hands, clean environment). *Health Belief Model*: Assumes a persons primary motivation in taking positive health actions is to avoid getting a disease. *Likelihood of taking action is based on*: 1. Modifying variables (age, gender, race, economy, education) 2. Perceived severity and susceptibility of getting the disease 3. Perceived benefits vs. barriers of taking action 4. Cues to action (i.e. advice of doctor, media campaign) Community-Based Nursing versus Community-Oriented Nursing Answer- The community or population is the "client" in community health nursing. *Community-Based Nursing*: Focused on ILLNESS care (acute or chronic conditions) for individuals and families. - Examples: Home Health nurse doing wound care, School nurse administering epi-pen. *Community-Oriented Nursing: Focused on improving the collective health of the community. - Examples: Health education and promotion, disease prevention activities. No illness care! Community-oriented nursing = public health nursing. Community Health Nursing versus Public Health Nursing Answer- *Community Health Nursing*: Delivers health care services to individuals, families, and groups. Includes community-based nursing (illness care for individuals and families) AND community-oriented nursing (community focused care, with an emphasis on education and disease prevention). *Public Health Nursing*: Disease prevention and health promotion of communities and populations. They re not providing direct care to individuals! Public health nursing = community-oriented nursing. Four Ethical Principles in Community Health Nursing - Respect for Autonomy - Non-Maleficence - Beneficence - Distributive Justice Answer- *Respect for Authority*: Respect a patient's right to self-determination. *Non-Maleficence*: Do no harm *Beneficence*: Do what is best (i.e. maximize benefits) *Distributive Justice*: Fair allocation of resources in community. Epidemiology and Components of Epidemiology Triangle Answer- *Epidemiology*: Study of spread, transmission, and incidence of disease/injury. *Components of Epidemiology Triangle* - *Agent*: What is causing the disease (i.e. bacteria, toxin, noise) - *Host*: Human/animal being affected by the disease - *Environment*: Physical environment (water/food supply, geography). Social environment (access to health care, work conditions, poverty). Incidence vs. Prevalence Answer- *Incidence*: Number of NEW case of disease/injury in a population during a specified period of time. [Show More]

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