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NURS 6521N Midterm Exam Week 7

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Question 1 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner explains to a patient that nitroglycerin patches should be applied in the morning and removed in the evening. This medication schedule reduces the... potential for Selected Answer: nitrate tolerance.  Question 2 1 out of 1 points Mr. Nguyen, age 71, will soon be discharged home from the hospital after a successful coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). During patient education about his drug regimen, Mr. Nguyen's nurse should prioritize teach about Selected Answer: potential adverse effects of the drugs that Mr. Nguyen will be taking.  Question 3 1 out of 1 points The most effective therapy for a patient who is H. pylori positive with a gastric ulcer is: Selected Answer: Bismuth, Metronidazole, Omeprazole, and Tetracycline  Question 4 1 out of 1 points A 60-year-old African-American man lives with a number of chronic health problems. Genetic factors are likely to influence his etiology and/or treatment of Selected Answer: hypertension.  Question 5 1 out of 1 points A female patient has been taking prednisone for her asthma for 1 month. The nurse will teach her to gradually decrease her dose of prednisone to avoid Selected Answer: adrenal insufficiency.  Question 6 1 out of 1 points The APRN is treating a 56 year old male with diagnosed atrial fibrillation. He is complaining of being light headed. His vital signs are BP 100/68 HR 144 RR 22. The best choice of medication to treat this patient is: NURS 6521N Midterm Exam Week 7 Selected Answer: Beta blocker such as Metoprolol  Question 7 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a 70-year-old patient who is taking desmopressin (DDAVP). The patient has a history of cardiovascular disease. The nurse will prioritize the assessment of which of the following? Selected Answer: Electrolyte levels  Question 8 1 out of 1 points Which of the following will a Nurse Practitioner inform the patient is one of the most common adverse effects of guaifenesin (Robitussin)? Selected Answer: Gastrointestinal distress  Question 9 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is TRUE about long acting beta agonist use in asthma patients? Selected Answer: It can be combined with an inhaled corticosteroid to improve asthma control  Question 10 1 out of 1 points A patient with a variety of chronic health problems is being seen by her nurse practitioner, who is currently reviewing the patient's medication regimen. Which of the patient's medications should prompt the nurse to teach her to avoid drinking grapefruit juice? Selected Answer: Atorvastatin (Lipitor)  Question 11 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner is instructing a patient who was recently diagnosed with multiple sclerosis about dantrolene (Dantrium). The patient is a 38-year-old-male and the foreman for a construction company. In order to minimize one important adverse effect of the drug, the nurse will give the patient which of the following instructions? Selected Answer: Wear appropriate clothing and sunscreen whenever he is in direct sunlight  Question 12 1 out of 1 points A 66-year-old woman has a complex medical history that includes poorlycontrolled type 1 diabetes, renal failure as a result of diabetic nephropathy and chronic heart failure (CHF). Her care provider has recently added spironolactone (Aldactone) to the woman's medication regimen. The nurse should consequently assess for signs and symptoms of Selected Answer: hyperkalemia.  Question 13 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a patient who is diabetic and has been diagnosed with hypertension. An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril, has been prescribed for her. Which of the following should the Nurse Practitioner assess before beginning drug therapy? Selected Answer: Serum potassium levels  Question 14 1 out of 1 points During a clinic visit, a patient complains of having frequent muscle cramps in her legs. The nurse's assessment reveals that the patient has been taking over-the-counter laxatives for the past 7 years. The nurse informed the patient that prolonged use of laxatives Selected Answer: may cause nutrient deficiencies.  Question 15 1 out of 1 points The Nurse Practitioner is conducting a medication reconciliation of a new resident of a long-term care facility. The Nurse Practitioner notes that the resident takes allopurinol on a daily basis for the treatment of gout. What is the primary purpose of this drug? Selected Answer: To balance urate concentration and prevent gout attacks  Question 16 1 out of 1 points A woman has a long history of seasonal allergies that are typically accompanied by rhinorrhea, red eyes, and frequent sneezing. Sneezes are a result of Selected Answer: a CNS reflex that is initiated by receptors in the nasal cavities.  Question 17 1 out of 1 points A patient has been prescribed a Scheduled 5 drug, an example of this drug is Selected Answer: Antitussives  Question 18 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner is providing discharge planning for a 45-year-old woman who has a prescription for oral albuterol. The Nurse Practitioner will question the patient about her intake of which of the following? Selected Answer: Coffe e  Question 19 1 out of 1 points A patient has been prescribed lovastatin for a high cholesterol level. The nurse's teaching plan will include a basic explanation of how the drug produces its therapeutic effect. The nurse will explain that lovastatin lowers cholesterol levels because it Selected Answer: inhibits cholesterol syntheses.  Question 20 1 out of 1 points A patient with bronchial asthma is prescribed a sustained-release preparation of theophylline. To help minimize the adverse effects of the drug, which of the following should the nurse suggest? Selected Answer: Take it on an empty stomach, 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals  Question 21 1 out of 1 points A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a 78-year-old patient with renal insufficiency and chronic heart failure who is receiving rapid infusions of high-dose furosemide. It will be a priority for the Nurse Practitioner to monitor for Selected ototoxicit y. Answer:  Question 22 1 out of 1 points A 39-year-old African-American male is 25 pounds overweight and has been diagnosed with hypertension after three consecutive above-normal blood pressure readings. The most likely initial drug therapy for this patient will be Selected Answer: a diuretic.  Question 23 1 out of 1 points A homeless man who is well known to care providers at the local hospital has been admitted to the emergency department after having a seizure outside a mall. The man is known to be a heavy alcohol user and is malnourished with a very low body mass index. How are this patient's characteristics likely to influence possible treatment with phenytoin? Selected Answer: The patient's protein deficit will likely increase the levels of the free drug in his blood.  Question 24 1 out of 1 points A 70-year-old man with diabetes mellitus is taking metoprolol (Lopressor) to manage his hypertension. The nurse would be sure to instruct the patient to Selected Answer: understand the signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia.  Question 25 1 out of 1 points A normal maintenance dose for digoxin is 0.125 to 0.5 mg/day. In which of the following patients would the nurse most likely administer a lower-than-normal maintenance dose of digoxin? Selected Answer: A 79-year-old male w [Show More]

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