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Acid Base Exam Questions & Answers (Saunders Evolve)-Nclex Exam questions from the 5th edition Saunders book.

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Acid Base Exam Questions & Answers (Saunders Evolve)-Nclex Exam questions from the 5th edition Saunders book.-The nurse reviews the arterial blood gas results of a client and notes the following: pH 7... .45, Pco2 of 30 mm Hg, and HCO3 of 20 mEq/L. The nurse analyzes these results as indicating which condition? - Respiratory alkalosis, compensated The nurse is caring for a client with a nasogastric tube that is attached to low suction. The nurse monitors the client, knowing that the client is at risk for which acid-base disorder? - Metabolic alkalosis A client with a 3-day history of nausea and vomiting presents to the emergency department. The client is hypoventilating and has a respiratory rate of 10 breaths/minute. The electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor displays tachycardia, with a heart rate of 120 beats/minute. Arterial blood gases are drawn and the nurse reviews the results, expecting to note which finding? - An increased pH with an increased HCO3 The nurse caring for a client with an ileostomy understands that the client is most at risk for developing which acid-base disorder? - Metabolic acidosis The nurse is caring for a client with diabetic ketoacidosis and documents that the client is experiencing Kussmaul's respirations. On the basis of this documentation, which pattern did the nurse observe? - Respirations that are abnormally deep, regular, and increased in rate A client who is found unresponsive has arterial blood gases drawn and the results indicate the following: pH is 7.12, Pco2 is 90 mm Hg, and HCO3 is 22 mEq/L. The nurse interprets the results as indicating which condition? - Respiratory acidosis without compensation The nurse notes that a client's arterial blood gas results reveal a pH of 7.50 and a Pco2 of 30 mm Hg. The nurse monitors the client for which clinical manifestations associated with these arterial blood gas results? Select all that apply. - nausea confusion tachycardia lightheadedness The nurse reviews the blood gas results of a client with atelectasis. The nurse analyzes the results and determines that the client is experiencing respiratory acidosis. Which result validates the nurse's findings? 1. pH 7.25, Pco2 50 mm Hg 2. pH 7.35, Pco2 40 mm Hg 3.pH 7.50, Pco2 52 mm Hg 4.pH 7.52, Pco2 28 mm Hg - 1. pH 7.25, Pco2 50 mm Hg [Show More]

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