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Southern New Hampshire University ENG 122 SOPHIA English Comosition I Unit 4 Challenge 1

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English Composition I Unit 4 Challenge 1 1.1 Which of the following describes a key component of argumentative writing?  a.) The writer strives to accomplish her primary goal of entertaining the... reader.  b.) The writer avoids using rhetorical appeals so as not to offend the reader.  c.) The writer supports her position on a debatable topic with reasoning and evidence.  d.) The writer only incorporates information that supports her side of the argument. 1.2 Which of the following describes a key component of argumentative writing?  a.) Counterarguments are considered and discussed.  b.) The writer’s thesis is revealed in the conclusion.  c.) Pathos is used to ensure the reader’s support.  d.) Personal experiences are included as evidence. 1.3 Which of the following describes a key component of argumentative writing?  a.) A thoughtful use of rhetorical appeals to bolster the argument  b.) An incorporation of the narrative and descriptive modes  c.) An emphasis on open-ended questions for the reader to consider  d.) A statement of an established fact that most people agree on 2.1 Angela, an officer with the Wildlife and Parks Department, is writing a proposal to members of the city government to urge them not to develop an area of nearby wetlands. Which approach should Angela use if she wants to appeal to pathos?  a.) Including the opinions of a trusted colleague who specializes in wetland preservation  b.) Providing facts about the role the wetlands play in the natural environment  c.) Incorporating expert research relevant to the field of wetland ecosystems  d.) Discussing how the children of the community will no longer have a natural area to explore 2.2 Angela, an officer with the Wildlife and Parks Department, is writing a proposal to members of the city government to urge them not to develop an area of nearby wetlands. Which approach should Angela use if she wants to appeal to ethos?  a.) Defining wetlands in terms that are easy to understand  b.) Providing statistics about the relationship between wetland destruction and animal population  c.) Showing how she conducted quality research and considered alternative perspectives  d.) Discussing the birds that rely on the wetlands to nest and raise their young 2.3 Angela, an officer with the Wildlife and Parks Department, is writing a proposal to members of the city government to urge them not to develop an area of nearby wetlands. Which approach should Angela use if she wants to appeal to logos?  a.) Providing facts about the benefits and values of various plant and animal species found in the wetlands  b.) Referencing a well-known local figure who supports the preservation of wetlands  c.) Writing movingly about the animals that will lose their habitat and likely not survive  d.) Demonstrating her credibility as an expert by showing her work on wetland preservation 3.1 Victoria wants to persuade her readers not only to agree with her position that the minimum wage should be increased, but to take some action, so she has chosen the classical argument model for her essay. She has provided background information on the history of the minimum wage in the United States, the large numbers of adult workers who earn it, and evidence that shows it is not a livable wage for families. In her conclusion, Victoria will explain how her readers can get involved in the movement. Which component of the classical argument model has Victoria forgotten?  a.) Necessary contextual information  b.) Grounds to support the claim  c.) A call to action  d.) Refuting the opposing viewpoints 3.2 Alexander is entering an essay competition for the topic "Does voting matter?" He decides to use the classical argument model for his essay. At the end of his introduction, he writes a thesis statement in which he argues that people should vote because recent elections have been decided by very small margins. His body paragraphs discuss counterarguments to his viewpoint that voting does, in fact, matter. Finally, he concludes by urging his readers to vote in their next election. Which component of the classical argument model has Alexander forgotten?  a.) Providing an evidence-based discussion of his claim  b.) Introducing the topic of his essay  c.) Concluding with a call to action  d.) Considering alternative viewpoints and how they interact with his own 3.3 Sookie is writing an essay for her history class using the classical argument model. She writes a thesis statement that clearly communicates her argument that the Great Depression would have continued if World War II had not stimulated the American economy. She provides background information on the economy during the Great Depression and how the economy was affected by war production. She also provides evidence that the economy was not improving just prior to World War II, nor was it expected to improve. Finally, she addresses two potential counterarguments to her thesis. Which component of the classical argument model has Sookie neglected?  a.) Establishing an objective tone  b.) Concluding her essay appropriately  c.) Looking for agreement between opposing viewpoints  d.) Supporting the thesis with evidence 4.1 Ariel was assigned an essay to analyze for her English class. She found the instruction sheet the teacher had provided and read the list of guidelines for analyzing an argument. Next, Ariel began to read the essay and underlined the thesis statement. Choose one additional activity that Ariel should complete as she analyzes the argumentative essay.  a.) Check that the writer has used sensory details and figurative language.  b.) Verify that the writer has provided information while maintaining an objective tone.  c.) Assess the effectiveness of the “hook” in the introduction to the argument.  d.) Summarize the argument in her own words, and ask herself if she agrees with it. 4.2 Jefferson disagrees with a recent article in his school newspaper that argues for a stricter dress code. He wants to write a rebuttal, but in order to do so effectively, he first must fully analyze the article and its argument. What is one activity that Jefferson must complete as he analyzes the article?  a.) Circle any grammar or spelling mistakes in the article.  b.) Assess whether the article is too long or too short.  c.) Determine whether the author's evidence is credible and sufficient to support the argument.  d.) Verify that the author has used at least one emotional appeal to support his or her argument. 4.3 Rhada, a newspaper reporter, was asked by her editor to analyze a position paper issued by the mayor's office. After reading the position paper from beginning to end, Rhada located the thesis statement and highlighted it. What is another activity that Rhada should complete as she analyzes the argument of the position paper?  a.) Determine how the mayor's argument unfolds by examining the paper's structure and organization.  b.) Check that the mayor has used all three rhetorical appeals in the position paper.  c.) Survey the town residents to see if they agree with the mayor.  d.) Underline the title of the position paper. 5.1 Angela works for the Wildlife and Parks Department and has been tasked with responding to the city’s proposal to build a hotel near protected wetlands. The Department’s position is that the city should not build on the location for environmental reasons. Select an argumentative thesis statement that could support this argument.  a.) One aspect used to classify wetlands is the vegetation found within the wetland area.  b.) Factors such as insects, humidity, and unstable ground make the wetlands a poor location for a hotel.  c.) Wetlands play an important role in flood control by both storing and absorbing water.  d.) Waterfowl, including birds like ducks and geese, are common inhabitants of wetland areas. 5.2 Angela works for the Wildlife and Parks Department and has been tasked with responding to the city’s proposal to build a hotel near protected wetlands. The Department’s position is that the city should not build on the location for environmental reasons. Select an argumentative thesis statement that could support this argument.  a.) Building a hotel near the wetlands will permanently damage their delicate ecosystem.  b.) The wetlands have thousands of visitors each summer from all over the country.  c.) The hotel industry has seen a significant increase in profits over the last three years.  d.) Wetlands are not unique to the United States and can be found in several other countries. 5.3 Angela works for the Wildlife and Parks Department and has been tasked with responding to the city’s proposal to build a hotel near protected wetlands. The Department’s position is that the city should not build on the location for environmental reasons. Select an argumentative thesis statement that could support this argument.  a.) Wetlands play many roles in an ecosystem and are home to a variety of animals.  b.) Wetlands are ecosystems that are covered with water for a certain portion of the year.  c.) Wetlands are a critical component of the local ecosystem; therefore, development on them needs to be halted.  d.) Most people in town would rather save the wetlands than see another hotel built. [Show More]

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