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309 NREMT Cognitive Exam Prep Questions and Answers

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309 NREMT Cognitive Exam Prep Questions and Answers Where does the modern EMS system have its origin? >>>The modern EMS system has its origins in funeral homes, which often operated ambulances. How... ever, funeral home operators were often serving competing business interests and patients received little trained care until the hospital. What is considered the "birth" of EMS? >>>In 1966, a paper titled "Accidental Death and Disability: The Neglected Disease of Modern Society" is published by the National Academy of Sciences. This paper is widely known in the EMS profession as the White Paper. The White Paper is widely considered the birth of modern EMS. It spotlighted inadequacies of prehospital care in the United States, particularly related to trauma. Who developed the first EMT National Standard Curriculum? >>>Early in the 1970s, the US Department of Transportation developed the first EMT National Standard Curriculum. What are the levels of EMS training? >>>Emergency Medical Responder (EMR): provides basic, immediate care including bleeding control, CPR, AED and emergency childbirth. Emergency Medical Technician (EMT): includes all EMR skills, advanced oxygen and ventilation skills, pulse oximetry, noninvasive blood pressure monitoring, and administration of certain medications. Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT): includes all EMT skills, advanced airway devices, intravenous and intraosseous access, blood glucose monitoring, and administration of additional medications. Paramedic: includes all preceding training levels, advanced assessment and management skills, various invasive skills, and extensive pharmacology interventions. This is the highest level of prehospital care outlined in the National EMS Education Standards. What are EMT roles and responsibilities? >>>Equipment preparedness Emergency vehicle operations Establish, maintain scene safety Patient assessment and treatment Lifting and moving Strong verbal and written communication skills Patient advocacy Professional development Quality improvementIllness and injury prevention Maintain certification/licensure What is the role of the medical director? >>>The medical director is a physician responsible for providing medical oversight. The medical director oversees quality improvement. What are the two types of medical direction? >>>Online medical direction: direct contact between the physician and EMT via or radio. Offline medical direction: written guidelines and protocols. What is an EMT's first priority? >>>The EMT's first priority is always his or her own safety. Scene safety is always the top priority! The EMT's safety priorities after personal safety are for his/her partner(s), patients and bystanders. What are the types of stress? >>>Acute stress: an immediate physiological and psychological reaction to a specific event. Delayed stress: a stress reaction that develops after the stressful event. It does not interfere with the EMT's ability to perform during the stressful event. PTSD is an example of delayed stress. Cumulative stress: the result of exposure to stressful situations over a prolonged period of time. What are the stages of grief? >>>Denial Anger Bargaining Depression Acceptance [Show More]

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