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Explore Learning: GIZMO. Student Exploration: Mouse Genetics (One Trait AND Two Traits). With All Answers

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Student Exploration: Mouse Genetics (One Trait AND Two Traits) Vocabulary: allele, DNA, dominant allele, gene, genotype, heredity, heterozygous, homozygous, hybrid, inheritance, phenotype, Punne... tt square, recessive allele, trait Gizmo Warm-up Heredity is the passage of genetic information from parents to offspring. The rules of inheritance were discovered in the 19th century by Gregor Mendel. With the Mouse Genetics (One Trait) Gizmo™, you will study how one trait, or feature, is inherited. 1. Drag two black mice into the Parent 1 and Parent 2 boxes. Click Breed several times. What do the offspring look like? ] The appearance of each mouse is also called its 2. Click Clear, and drag two white mice into the parent boxes. Click several times. What is the phenotype of the offspring now? 3. Do you think mouse offspring will always look like their parents  Activity A: Patterns of inheritance Get the Gizmo ready: • Click Clear. • Drag a black mouse and a white mouse into the parent boxes, but don’t click Breed yet. Question: What patterns are shown by offspring traits? 1. Predict: What do you think the offspring of a black mouse and a white mouse will look like? . ] 2. Observe: Click Breed several times. What do you see? 3. Observe: Drag two offspring into the Holding Cages. What do you see now? 4. Experiment: Turn on Show statistics. Click Breed until there are 100 offspring. 5. Explore: Try other combinations of mouse parents. Write the results of each experiment in your notes. When you have finished, answer the following questions. (Note: You can refer to the parents as “pure black,” “pure white,” or “hybrid.”) A. Which parent combination(s) yield only white offspring? B. Which parent combination(s) yield only black offspring? C. Which parent combination(s) yield a mixture of black and white offspring Activity B: Genetics basics Get the Gizmo ready: • Click Clear. • Drag a black mouse and a white mouse into the parent boxes. Introduction: Inherited traits are encoded on a molecule called DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). Genes are segments of DNA that control a particular trait. Most genes have several different versions, or alleles. The genotype is the allele combination an organism has. Question: How do alleles determine fur color? 1. Observe: Turn on Show genotype. Move your cursor over a mouse to see its genotype. ¬¬¬¬¬¬ A. What is the genotype of the black parent? White parent? These mice are homozygous for fur color, meaning both alleles are the same. B. Click Breed. What is the genotype of the offspring mice? These mice are heterozygous for fur color, meaning the alleles are different. 2. Analyze: Dominant alleles are always expressed when present. Recessive alleles are not expressed when the dominant allele is also present. Look at the two alleles for fur color. A. Which allele is dominant, and which fur color does it produce? B. Which allele is recessive, and which fur color does it produce? Ff’s 3. Predict: Place two of the Ff offspring into the Holding Cages. Click Clear, and then place them into the parent boxes. A. Which allele(s) could the offspring inherit from parent 1? B. Which allele(s) could the offspring inherit from parent 2? C. What are the possible genotypes of the offspring? Experiment: Click Breed several times, and look at the genotypes of the offspring. Did you find all the predicted genotypes? [ Well after breeding parents both Ff, I got to know that the offspring would not only be Ffs but also dominant Alleles such as FF and also recessive ff. ] Activity C: Modeling inheritance Get the Gizmo ready: • Click Clear. • Drag a black mouse and a white mouse into the parent boxes. Question: How do scientists predict the genotypes of offspring? 1. Model: Scientists use a Punnett square to model the different possible offspring genotypes from a parent pair. The parent genotypes are written across the top and side of the square, as shown. The four possible offspring genotypes are then filled in. The first square is filled in for you. Fill in the remaining squares with both genotype and phenotype. ¬¬¬¬¬¬ D. What are the genotypes of the offspring E. What percentage of the offspring will have black fur? F. What percentage of the offspring will have white fur 2. Experiment: Click Breed several times. Were your predictions correct? 3. Model: Use the Punnett squares below to model each parent combination. After filling in each Punnett square, predict the percentages of black and white offspring. [Show More]

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