Health Care > EXAM > Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing (All)

Psychiatric/Mental Health Nursing

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mental health - ANSWER the successful adaptation to stressors from the internal or external environment, evidenced by thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that are age appropriate and congruent with loca... l and cultural norms suicide, adolescent, substance - ANSWER healthy people 2020 aims to assist mentally ill patients by preventing ___________, focusing on ________________ Health, and ____________ abuse. PCP - ANSWER because of mental illness being on the rise, mental health evaluations are now routine at every _____ environment DSM-5 - ANSWER the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition; a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders. prefrontal cortex - ANSWER part of frontal lobe responsible for thinking, planning, and language. regulates emotions and emotional response. limbic system - ANSWER part of the brain located below the cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions and drives, learning and memory. Amygdala - ANSWER A limbic system structure involved in memory and emotion, particularly fear and aggression. acts as a safety monitor and processes emotion hypothalamus - ANSWER A structure in the brain that regulates hormone release to the body cingulate cortex - ANSWER portion of the brain associated with judgement and emotional responses to pain thalamus - ANSWER portion of the brain that acts as the main processor and distributer of sensory info hippocampus - ANSWER A portion of the brain located in the limbic system that helps process explicit memories for storage. acts as the brains search engine for memories pituitary gland - ANSWER a portion of the brain that acts as the endocrine system's chief hormone releaser. basal ganglia - ANSWER a portion of the brain responsible for planning of movement and all cognitive function brain stem - ANSWER a portion of the brain that controls function to the spinal cord and regulates the body's vital signs neuron - ANSWER a specialized cell transmitting nerve impulses; a nerve cell. dendrites - ANSWER Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information. axons - ANSWER a part of a neuron that carries impulses away from the cell body myelin sheath - ANSWER A layer of fatty tissue segmentally encasing the fibers of many neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed of neural impulses as the impulse hops from one node to the next. Schwann cells - ANSWER Supporting cells of the peripheral nervous system responsible for the formation of myelin. synaptic terminal - ANSWER A bulb at the end of an axon in which neurotransmitter molecules are stored and released. synapse - ANSWER the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron Neurotransmitters - ANSWER Chemicals that transmit information from one neuron to another. Act as messengers. reuptake - ANSWER the process of neurotransmitter reabsorption by the cell that originally produced and secreted it neuronal - ANSWER blocking the neurotransmitter reuptake process allows more of the neurotransmitter to be available for _______________ transmission. monoamines - ANSWER chemicals formed by a change in certain amino acids; includes norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin Norepinephrine - ANSWER A neurotransmitter involved in arousal, as well as in learning and mood regulation. works in the sympathetic nervous system to trigger flight or flight responses depression, ADHD - ANSWER what conditions can low levels of norepinephrine cause? mania, anxiety, schizophrenia - ANSWER what conditions can a high level of norepinephrine cause? dopamine - ANSWER a neurotransmitter that regulates motor behavior, motivation, pleasure, and emotional arousal as well as the release of prolactin depression, Parkinson's - ANSWER what conditions can a low level of dopamine cause? mania, schizophrenia - ANSWER what conditions can a high level of dopamine cause? serotonin - ANSWER A neurotransmitter that affects hunger,sleep, arousal, and mood. Also regulated libido, aggression, pain, and coordination. depression - ANSWER what conditions can a low level of serotonin cause? anxiety - ANSWER what conditions can a high level of serotonin cause? N - no hesitation O - on alert R - recall memory/concentration - ANSWER what does the acronym for norepinephrine function, "NOR", stand for? D - determination O - obsession/compulsion P - pleasure (reward) - ANSWER what does the acronym for dopamine function, "DOP", stand for? S - sleep E - emotion/mood R - remember - ANSWER what does the acronym for serotonin function, "SER", stand for? frontal cortex - ANSWER dopamine most affects what part of the brain? hippocampus - ANSWER serotonin focuses mostly on what portion of the brain? sympathetic nervous system - ANSWER norepinephrine effects what portion of the nervous system? GABA - ANSWER what neurotransmitter acts as the brake pedal of the brain (inhibitory)? Glutamate - ANSWER what neurotransmitter works as the gas pedal of the brain (excitatory)? relaxed - ANSWER GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that helps you feel _____________ and calm. attention, sleep, mood - ANSWER GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that plays a role in ______________ span, _________, and overall ________. low - ANSWER (low/high) levels of GABA are associated with depression, anxiety, panic disorders, PTSD, chemical dependency, and insomnia high - ANSWER (low/high) levels of GABA are associated with anger, aggression, apathy, outbursts, dissatisfaction with life, and reduced motivation neurons - ANSWER Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter that keeps __________ "turned on" and helps with neuroplasticity. memory - ANSWER Glutamate is an excitatory neurotransmitter that is needed for cognition and ____________. learning - ANSWER low levels of glutamate are associated with ____________ problems glutamate storms - ANSWER a sudden high level glutamate causes this which can cause neurological damage. this damage is seen in conditions such as Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, stroke, spinal cord injuries, etc. anxiety, depression - ANSWER increased levels of glutamate can cause these conditions schizophrenia - ANSWER decreased levels of glutamate are associated with this condition. Cells, Blood brain barrier - ANSWER Glands release hormones to ________ which then spread throughout the whole body and pass through the __________ _________ ___________. circadian rhythm - ANSWER the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle Hormones, Circadian - ANSWER _______________ and _____________ rhythm influence psychological and physiological issues such as mood, sleep and arousal, stress response, appetite, libido, and fertility ADH - ANSWER The key functions of this hormone is to hold on to fluid and help maintain blood pressure. Kidneys - ANSWER What is the target of ADH (antidiuretic Hormone)? Polydipsia - ANSWER condition of excessive thirst that occurs from imbalances of ADH [Show More]

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