Health Care > EXAM > The Basics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) (All)

The Basics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

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PUI "person under investigation - ANSWER a person who has COVID-19 and whose past exposure to the virus is being investigated, or a person who was investigated but tested negative for the virus. Tr... ue or False: "The four parts of an interview should be conducted in the following order: 1) Introduction, 2) information gathering and listening, 3)advice and instructions, and 4) conclusion." - ANSWER True Which situations might result in specific follow-up action during case monitoring? Select all that apply. - ANSWER a. The person reports illness. c. The person reports getting tested for COVID-19. d. The person does not respond to efforts to make contact. Which of these are forms of social supports? - ANSWER Laundry Food Childcare Mental health services Support for caregivers True or False: "During the monitoring period, a contact tracer may provide basic resources such as thermometers, hand sanitizer, and instructions on how to keep one's space clean." - ANSWER True **Which of the below are symptoms of COVID-19? - ANSWER Cough Fever Shortness of breath **True or False: "COVID-19 is spread from person to person through droplets released in the air when a person infected with the virus coughs, sneezes, or talks." - ANSWER True **Which of the following are actions that can prevent the transmission of COVID-19? Select all that apply. - ANSWER Clean hands often Avoid close contact with people who are sick Cover mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when around others Cover coughs and sneezes Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces **Quarantine - ANSWER Separation of an individual who may have been exposed to COVID-19 from other people. They should limit their movement outside of the home or the facility where they are staying. **True or False: "The incubation period for COVID-19 ranges from 2-14 days." - ANSWER True True or False: "Contact tracing is the process of identifying, assessing, and managing people who have been exposed to a disease to prevent additional transmission." - ANSWER True What are the 4 main steps involved in contact tracing? - ANSWER 1. Initial notification of the person under investigation. 2. Interview the person under investigation. 3. Locate and notify contacts who may have been exposed to COVID-19. 4. Monitor contacts. True or False: "All steps of the contact tracing process should be tailored to behaviors, circumstances, and specific needs of people in the community." - ANSWER True Which IS an objective of COVID-19 contact tracing? - ANSWER Identify and notify individuals who might have come in contact with a person under investigation. Identify to what extent the contact has been exposed to the person under investigation. Establish if the contact is at risk of getting the virus themselves. Provide the contact with appropriate guidance. This may include counseling them on how to prevent further transmission of COVID-19, and linking or referring them to medical care and other prevention services. In which situations can a local or state health agency share and use individual health information? - ANSWER Protect the health of the public or an individual. Investigate and conduct other actions to stop the spread of diseases. What steps should you take to prepare for a contact tracing interview? Select all that apply. - ANSWER Familiarize yourself with the questions you will be asking. Review any information about the person you are about to interview. Review the basics of COVID-19. Identify communication techniques for effective interviewing. Select all that apply. - ANSWER Build trust Use open-ended questions Stick to the facts When the person you're interviewing is not able to communicate in the language you speak, it might be necessary to use an interpreter. What are some ground rules to agree on with both the person you're interviewing and the interpreter? - ANSWER Make sure that the interpreter knows the conversation is confidential. Ask the interpreter and the person you're interviewing to avoid side conversations. Showing cultural humility will increase the effectiveness of your interactions with those affected by COVID-19. Select all the ways of practicing cultural humility. - ANSWER Understand your personal views and assumptions about different cultures that might limit your work. Learn about the cultures you work with. True or False: "It is appropriate to escalate a case to your supervisor if a person you're monitoring has complicated health needs." - ANSWER True Active Monitoring - ANSWER The health department or partner agency is responsible for establishing regular communication with the individual. Isolation - ANSWER Isolation is used to separate people infected with the virus (even if they are not showing symptoms) from people who are not infected Social Distancing - ANSWER Keeping space between yourself and people outside of your home. True or False: Nearly 1 in 3 people with COVID-19 may be asymptomatic. - ANSWER True incubation period - ANSWER The period of time between when a person is infected and when they start to show symptoms of the disease is called the incubation period. The incubation period for COVID-19 ranges from 2-14 days. Most people begin to experience symptoms within five days of exposure. Pre-symptomatic - ANSWER This means that the person has not yet developed symptoms, but can spread the virus. Infectious period - ANSWER The period of time when COVID-19 can be spread to others. People are thought to be contagious when they are pre-symptomatic (i.e., during the incubation period) and when they are symptomatic. Because the infectious period for COVID-19 overlaps with the incubation period, a person infected with the virus may be infectious without showing symptoms. Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) - ANSWER a condition where different body parts become inflamed (i.e., red and swollen). MIS-C can be severe, and while we do not yet know what causes it, many children with MIS-C have had the virus that causes COVID-19. Most children who have been diagnosed with this condition have gotten better with medical care. Types of COVID-19 Tests - ANSWER Nasal swab or saliva tests: Directly detect the virus. Antibody test, also known as a serology (blood) test: Indirectly detects the infection through the presence of antibodies. The presence of antibodies means that the person's body has had an immune response to the COVID-19 virus. In other words, the body detected a harmful virus and activated a defense against it by making antibodies to fight it. Testing Prioritization - ANSWER 1. Hospitalized patients and healthcare workers with symptoms. 2. People who are symptomatic AND are in long-term care facilities; are 65 years and older; have underlying conditions; or are first responders. 3. Individuals whose healthcare providers believe that their care and treatment would be significantly improved by confirming their COVID-19 status. [Show More]

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