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AORN Review for Final Exam Updated 2022 Questions 1oo% correct Solved

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AORN Review for Final Exam Updated 2022 Questions 1oo% correct Solved Which of the following statements are true about objective data? a. Data that consists of the patient's own feelings and percep... tions. b. Age, religion, or culture are examples of objective data. c. Data that is the information written in the patient's record and nursing notes. d. History, physical, and laboratory data are examples of objective data. Match the age groups with their ability for learning and understanding. 1. Birth to one month 2. 1-12 months 3. 1-3 years 4. 3-6 years a. The baby will smile, babble, and gurgle. b. The baby is able to understand and respond to simple commands. c. The child is able to literally interpret terms. d. The child is able to express only through crying. Patients in which of the following age-groups have the greatest blood volume per unit of body weight. a. children b. elderly adults c. middle adults d. young adults During the preoperative interview, why should the perioperative nurse ask patients about their use of herbal preparations, alcohol, tobacco products, and recreational drugs? (select all that apply) a. herbal supplements may affect the metabolism of drugs administered b. patients who use alcohol heavily are unable to tolerate general anesthesia c. recreational drug use may affect the choice of preoperative sedation. d. smoking may affect circulatory and respiratory system assessment results. Which items below are included in a psychosocial assessment? (select all that apply) a. coping styles b. cultural beliefs and practices c. expectations of perioperative care d. sensory impairment e. spiritual or religious beliefs Which of the following statements is true? a. blood pressure remains constant with age. b. body temperature increases with increasing age. c. heart rate increases with increasing age d. lung capacity decreases with increasing age Which of the following factors make geriatric patients more sensitive to injury and cold? a. decrease in subcutaneous fat b. lung capacity decreases with age c. bilirubin and hemoglobin shift d. rage of medication absorption is decreased Why is it important to assess the use of herbal supplements or recreational drugs before surgery? a. herbal preparations can decrease the toxicity of other drugs administered during anesthesia. b. herbal preparations can affect bleeding times. c. herbal preparations can interfere with drug metabolism. d. recreational drug use can result in withdrawal symptoms. e. recreational drug users may require higher doses of anesthetic medications. What interventions can the perioperative nurse perform to protect elderly patients? a. employ deep vein thrombosis prophylactic devices. b. position the patient for effective air exchange. c. slide patient onto the OR bed without use of assistive device. d. use warming devices to maintain the normothermia. A child in which of the following age groups can be described as "likes to socialize and can interpret terms?" a. 1-12 months b. 1-3 years c. 3-6 years d. 6-12 years After the preoperative assessment has been conducted on a patient, the perioperative nurse should document: a. cuts and abrasions b. preoperative hair removal, if ordered c. skin condition d. financial arrangements e. the patient's verbal consents for preoperative orders Based on the knowledge you have gained about preoperative orders, identify the preoperative orders that should be recorded. a. NPO orders b. skin preparation orders c. DNR orders d. patient's mental state of alertness e. medication orders Based on the knowledge you have gained about preoperative orders, identify the preoperative orders that should be recorded. a. NPO orders b. skin preparation orders c. DNR orders d. patient's mental state of alertness e. medication orders Which of the following statements are accurate regarding the documentation required for equipment used during operative procedures? 1. location of the dispersive electrode pad 2. the use of any warming/cooling blankets 3. the identification number on the laser 4. identification of the person that applied the tourniquet a. 2 & 4 b. 1, 3, & 4 c. 1, 2, & 4 d. 1, 2, 3,& 4 Based on the knowledge you have gained about documenting requirements, identify the true statements. a. You may be required to write out the physician's verbal orders for medications administered and have the physician sign the order. b. Hypersensitivity reactions should be documented. c. The manufacturer of implants should be documented. d. The manufacturer of the Foley catheter should be documented. e. Rationale for counts not performed should be documented. A fluid imbalance may occur rapidly due to fluid loss as a result of: a. fluid restrictions b. accurate measurement of irrigation fluids c. wound drainage d. nasogastric tubes e. inadequate fluid replacement Any tissue or fluid removed from the body is documented and identified. some of the items included in the documentation accompanying specimens are: a. site, location, type of dressing, loss of fluid b. type of specimen, date and time of collection, and hypersensitive reactions c. date and time of collection, site, surgeon's name and contact info When documenting a dressing, the name of the person applying the dressing should be noted. a. true b. false Based on the knowledge you have gained about using abbreviations, identify the true statements about abbreviations. a. Abbreviations are to be used by physicians only. b. Abbreviations can lead to medical errors. c. Abbreviations are difficult to read. d. Abbreviations might be wrongly interpreted. A successful lawsuit that an RN could be involved in: a. does not require patient injury b. only requires a nurse-patient relationship c. must show duty, breach, causation, and damages d. considers whether the patient has filed previous lawsuits Based on the knowledge you have gained about legal aspects of documentation and nursing practice, which elements must be proved for a negligence claim to be successful? a. Damages: actual injury to the patient b. Breach of duty: care provided was not within the standard of care c. Reasonableness: a nurse in the same circumstance would have done the same thing d. Duty: a nurse-patient relationship exists e. Causation: what the nurse did or did not do resulted in patient injury When documenting, always include your assessment of the situation, the actions you took, and the patient's response to them. a. True b. False [Show More]

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