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Western civilization chapter 16 with complete Solution

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Scientific revolution –  ANSWER Key factor in setting Western civilization along its modern secular and materialistic path Renaissance artists –  ANSWER Have been credited with making ... an impact on scientific study Plato –  ANSWER Emphasized the importance of mathematics in explaining the universe Mathematics –  ANSWER Applauded as the key the navigation military science and geography and was also regarded as the key to understanding the nature of things Magic –  ANSWER May have been another factor in the origins of the scientific revolution Astronomy, mechanics, and medicine –  ANSWER The greatest achievements in the scientific revolution of the 16th and 17th centuries came in the field most dominated by the ideas of the Greeks Geocentric conception –  ANSWER The universe was seen as a series of concentric spheres with a fixed or motionless earth at its center Circular movement –  ANSWER Most perfect kind of motion according to Aristotle Nicolaus Copernicus –  ANSWER Studied both mathematics and astronomy. Completed the manuscript of his famous book, on the revolutions of the heavenly spheres between 1506 and 1530.Believed that the planets rotated around the sun instead of around the earth Aristotle Ptolemy –  ANSWER The greatest astronomer of antiquity who lived in the second century CE. He believed in geocentric conception that the universe was seen as a series of concentric spheres with a fixed or motionless earth at its center Johannes Kepler –  ANSWER Succeeded Brahe as Imperial mathematician and astronomer her to Rudolph the second. There he gained possession of brahes detailed astronomical data and using them arrived at his three laws of planetary motion Kepler's first law –  ANSWER He rejected Copernicus by showing that the orbits of the planets around the sun were not circular but elliptical with the sun at one focus of the ellipse rather than at the center Keplers second law –  ANSWER He demonstrated that the speed of a planet is greater great when it is closer to the sun and decreases as it's distance from the sun increases Kepler's third law –  ANSWER Established that the square of the planets period of revolution is proportional to the cube of its average distance from the sun in other words planets with larger orbits revolve at a slower average velocity than those with smaller orbits Galileo Galilei –  ANSWER 1564-1642. Top mathematics at one of the most prestigious universities in Europe. He was the first European to make systematic observations of the heavens by means of a telescope. Galileo –  ANSWER With his telescope he made remarkable series of discoveries: mountains and craters on the moon, four moons revolving around stupider Galileo's two contributions to the problem of motion –  ANSWER First he demonstrated by experiments that if a uniform force is applied to an object it would move at accelerated speed rather than a constant speed. He also discovered the principle of inertia when he argued that a body in motion continues in motion forever unless deflected by an external force Isaac Newton –  ANSWER Born in wools Thorpe in 1642 and attended Cambridge University Newtons inventions in 1666 –  ANSWER Calculus, a mathematical means of calculating rates of change; began his investigations into the composition of light; and inaugurated his work on the law of universal gravitation Principia –  ANSWER Book written during newtons second intense. And creativity from 1684 to 1686. It was the "hinge point of modern scientific thought" and spelled out the mathematical proofs demons [Show More]

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