*NURSING > STUDY GUIDE > Pharmacology Flashcards | Rated A | Latest 2020 / 2021 (All)

Pharmacology Flashcards | Rated A | Latest 2020 / 2021

Document Content and Description Below

Pharmacology Flashcards | Rated A | Latest 2020 / 2021 1. NERVOUS SYSTEM Benzodiazepines • Alprazolam • Diazepam • Lorazepam • Chlordiazepoxide • Sedation • Dependency/Withdrawal... - Short term • Antidote is Flumazenil Atypical Anxiolytics • Buspirone • No Sedation - No Dependency - Long term • Full effects take weeks • Take with meals SSRIs • Paroxetine • Sertraline • Fluoxetine • Insomnia • Watch for Serotonin Syndrome (Agitation, Hallucinations, Fever, Diaphoresis, Tremors) • Do Not Take With St. John’s Wort • Full Effects take months Atypical Antidepressants • Bupropion • Trazodone (Major Side Effect - Sedation) • Depression & Smoke Cessation • Insomnia, headache, GI Distress, Weight Loss, Agitation, Seizures TCAs • Amitriptyline • Imipramine • Sedation, orthostatic hypotension Anticholinergic Effects (Urinary Retention, Constipation, Dry Mouth, Blurry Vision, Photophobia) MAOIs • Phenelzine • Tranylcypromine • HTN Crisis • Do not eat foods with tyramine Mood Stabilizers • Lithium • Side Effects: GI Upset, Fine Hand Tremors (Coarse in Tox), Polyuria, Weight gain, Kidney Tox, Electrolyte imbalances • Monitor Plasma Levels: Tox over 1.5 mEq/L • Toxicity (Coarse hand tremors, confusion, hypotension, seizures, tinnitus • No diuretics, Anticholinergics or NSAIDs • Contraindicated in Renal Disease • Closely monitor NA, Drink 2-3 L of water Antiepileptics (Bipolar Disorder) • Carbamazepine (Blood Issues (Anemia, Thrombocytopenia & Leukopenia), Vision Issues & Rash) • Valproic Acid (GI Upset, Hepatotoxicity, Pancreatitis, Thrombocytopenia) Antipsychotics • Chlorpromazine • Haloperidol • EPS, NMS, Agranulocytosis, Anticholinergic Effects, Sedation • Monitor Vitals 1-2 hours • Benztropine can control EPS • Dantrolene can control NMS Atypical Antipsychotics • Risperidone (IM q 2 weeks for non-compliance) • Clozapine (Agranulocytosis) • Olanzapine • Diabetes, Weight Gain, Increased Cholesterol, Sedation, Anticholinergic Effects • Avoid Alcohol ADHD Meds • Methylphenidate • Amphetamine • Insomnia, Dysrhythmias, Decreased Appetite, Weight Loss • Do not give at night • Give Immediately Before/After Meals • Monitor Child’s Weight Alcohol Abuse (Withdrawal) *Withdrawal Starts Within 4-12 Hours of Last Drink *Peaks at 24-48 Hours • Benzodiazepines - Stabilizes vitals, Decrease Seizures • Carbamazepine - Decreases Seizures • Clonidine - Decreases BP & HR • Beta Blockers - Decreases BP, HR, & Cravings Alcohol Abuse (Abstinence) • Disulfiram - Vomit • Naltrexone - Decreases Cravings • Acamprosate - Decreases Abstinence Symptoms Opioid & Nicotine Withdrawal Opioid • Methadone - Used for Withdrawal & Long-Term Nicotine • Bupropion • Nicotine Replacements - Gum, Patch, Nasal Spray • Varenicline - Reduces Cravings/Withdrawal; monitor for depression Cholinergics • Neostigmine • Pyridostigmine • Edrophonium (Used to Diagnose MG vs. Cholinergic Crisis) • Myasthenia Gravis, Reverses Nerve Blocks • Increased Salivation, Diarrhea, Nausea/Vomiting, Sweating, Bradycardia • Antidote is Atropine Anti Parkinson’s (Dopamine Agonist) • Levodopa/Carbidopa • N/V, Drowsiness, Tics, Orthostatic Hypotension, Darkening of urine/sweat • Do not take with High Protein Meals, can take with other meals Anti Parkinson’s (Anticholinergic) • Benztropine • Anticholinergic Effects (Dry mouth, Dry Eyes, Blurry Vision, Urinary Retention) Antiepileptics • Phenytoin • Lamotrigine • Carbamazepine • Valproic Acid • Gingival Hyperplasia, double vision, rash, ataxia • Narrow Therapeutic Range - Monitor Levels • Decreases Oral Contraceptives [Show More]

Last updated: 2 months ago

Preview 1 out of 32 pages

Add to cart

Instant download

document-preview

Buy this document to get the full access instantly

Instant Download Access after purchase

Add to cart

Instant download

Reviews( 0 )

$6.00

Add to cart

Instant download

Can't find what you want? Try our AI powered Search

OR

REQUEST DOCUMENT
59
0

Document information


Connected school, study & course


About the document


Uploaded On

Dec 22, 2020

Number of pages

32

Written in

Seller


seller-icon
nurse_steph

Member since 3 years

163 Documents Sold


Additional information

This document has been written for:

Uploaded

Dec 22, 2020

Downloads

 0

Views

 59

Document Keyword Tags

Recommended For You

Get more on STUDY GUIDE »
What is Browsegrades

In Browsegrades, a student can earn by offering help to other student. Students can help other students with materials by upploading their notes and earn money.

We are here to help

We're available through e-mail, Twitter, Facebook, and live chat.
 FAQ
 Questions? Leave a message!

Follow us on
 Twitter

Copyright © Browsegrades · High quality services·