Health Care > EXAM > C787 WGU Nutrition to support wellness QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 100% CORRECT (All)

C787 WGU Nutrition to support wellness QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS 100% CORRECT

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C787 WGU Nutrition to support wellness DRIs (Dietary Reference Intakes) Ans- - A set of nutritional reference values for the United States and Canada that applies to healthy people. - Addresse... s prevention of chronic diet related issues. - Differs depending on age and gender. RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) Ans- - the average daily intake level estimated to meet the needs of nearly all people in a certain group. Aim for this amount! - Use this for planning family meals sufficient for infants, children, adults and elderly family members. AMDR (Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range) Ans- recommended range of carbohydrate, fat, and protein intake expressed as a percentage of total energy AMDR Range for Carbs Ans- 45-65% AMDR range for protein Ans- 10-35% AMDR range for fats Ans- 20-35% UL (Tolerable Upper Intake Level) Ans- - The highest level of daily consumption of a nutrient that current data has shown to cause no side effects in humans. - Ensures people do not take harmful amounts - Used a lot in supplements EAR (Estimated Average Requirement) Ans- - the average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group - Used to guide recommendations & menu planning for COMMUNITIES, in combination with upper intake levels Nutrition Ans- The science of how foods affect the human body to promote health and prevent disease 6 classes of nutrients Ans- 1. Water 2. Vitamins 3. Minerals 4. protein 5. fats - lipids 6. carbohydrates 4 things that a healthy full diet contains Ans- 1. Adequate energy intake 2. Variety 3. Fiber 4. Adequate hydration Choose My Plate Ans- USDA food grouping system that guides nutrition and health Nutritional Benefit of fruits & veggies Ans- - Provide phytonutrients that reduce the risk of some types of cancer. - High Fiber - High vitamins/minerals - low calories Number of recommended serving of fruits and veggies per day Ans- 9 Servings Increasing the amount of colorful veggies reduces the risk of __________ Ans- stroke Strategies for balanced meal planning on a budget Ans- - buying canned veggies in bulk - buying only the amount of fresh veggies that can be eaten at the time - buying veggies whole and preparing/trimming them at home (precut veggies are more expensive) - Grow veggies and herbs at home - buy only in season veggies True Ans- Skim Milk has roughly the same amount of calcium and protein as whole milk Dietary recommendations for whole grain intake Ans- One half of all grain products should be whole grain products Consider how the following meal can be improved: Omelet with cheese toasted English muffin 1 t. all-fruit preserves 1/2 large grapefruit 1 cup whole milk Ans- - use egg whites for omlet - replace cheese with veggies in the omelets - replace English muffin with whole grain English muffin - replace whole milk with fat-free milk True/False Ans- trans fat and added sugar intake should be minimized; there is no DRI value (T) Recommended daily amount of protein intake Ans- 60 gm/day Examples of proteins Ans- - garbanzo beans - egg - chicken breast - yogurt - cheese - ground beef - peanut butter - tofu True Ans- Adding a grain (whole grains are best) to a protein rich food, such as legumes, lentils, PB, etc, can help maximize healthy protein in a vegetarian diet. Sugars Ans- ending in -ose Honey is made up of sugars What will cause a quick return to hunger? Ans- A carbohydrate with a high glycemic index What kind of proteins are high in Omega-3 oils? Ans- Some seafoods Some healthy fats Ans- - fish - nuts - olive oil Food that are a source of high levels of sodium Ans- - manufactured breads - processed foods - canned soups and broths Some foods that are rich in iron Ans- - dark, leafy greens - legumes - red meat - nuts Best vegetarian source of iron Ans- Beans Foods that protect against heart disease Ans- Fiber, HDL cholesterol Foods that increase risk of heart disease Ans- LDL cholesterol, trans fats, saturated fats Ways to reduce the risk of heart disease Ans- - LDL levels below 120 mg/dl - limit cholesterol intake to <200 mg/day - at least 30 min of activity in daily routine - sodium levels below 1600 mg/day - Increased intake of fiber, especially insoluble fiber - limit alcohol intake to 1-2 drinks What kind of diet would be good for someone with low albumin levels? Ans- High protein diet Patients with kidney disease should not eat Ans- high protein foods DASH diet Ans- - Dietary Approaches to Stop HTN - increase fruit, vegetables, and low fat dairy; k, mg, ca Factors important for controlling HTN Ans- - Sodium below 1600 mg/day - Healthy weight (BMI below 25) - Daily exercise What can protect spikes in blood sugars Ans- Fiber Why is obesity considered a disease Ans- because it affects many organ systems and hormones, impairing body functions BMI considered obese Ans- 30 or greater, requiring counseling about a weight loss dietary plan How to calculate BMI Ans- 1. Take patients height in inches and square it (ex. 5' 4" = 64 in; 64 ^2 = 4096) 2. Divide the weight in pounds by the number you get. (ex. 175/4096 = 0.043) 3. Multiply the answer to 2 by 703 (ex. 0.043 x 703 = 30) What kind of diet is least likely to result in obesity Ans- A diet with a variety of fruits, whole grains and vegetable Example of risk factors for heart disease that are modifiable Ans- - sedentary lifestyle - BMI > 30 - diet high in trans-fats Example of risk factors for heart disease that are NOT modifiable Ans- - age 80 yrs - male gender - family member who died of a heart attack at age 55 True Ans- Obese children & teenagers are at an increased risk of coronary disease Low BMI Ans- less than 18.5 - Can increase the risk of infertility, osteoporosis and premature death Health risks that increase with higher BMI Ans- - heart disease - premature death - DM2 - osteoarthritis - OSA True Ans- There is a genetic influence on body weight. Body weight of parents often are predictive of body weight of children even when they do not raise them Maintaining weight in the long term Ans- [Show More]

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