Health Care > EXAM > Florida SouthWestern State College, Lee - HUN 1201Exam 1_ (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201_ HUMAN NUTRITION 8 (All)

Florida SouthWestern State College, Lee - HUN 1201Exam 1_ (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201_ HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560). Points 50 Questions 50.

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Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 1/23 Exam 1 Due Jun 4 at 11:59pm Points 50 Questions 50 Available May 28 at... 7am - Jun 4 at 11:59pm 8 days Time Limit 120 Minutes Instructions This quiz was locked Jun 4 at 11:59pm. Attempt History Attempt Time Score LATEST Attempt 1 88 minutes 46 out of 50 Score for this quiz: 46 out of 50 Submitted Jun 3 at 10:19pm This attempt took 88 minutes. Exam 1 covers Chapters 1 - 5. There are 50 questions and a 60-minute (1-hour) time limit. You may take the exam only once. You cannot pause or stop the exam once it is begun, so make sure you have allotted adequate time to take it. Questions will appear one at the time but you can return to any question any time and change your answer before you submit the exam. All questions are multiple-choice. Read the question AND all the answer choices. Pick the BEST answer. Be aware of the time limit and pace yourself appropriately. You will be able to review the exam after the due date. Question 1 1 / 1 pts What is bolus? A bowl of food A device used to analyze the contents of the stomach An enzyme that hydrolyzes starch6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 2/23 A food item that has passed through the small intestine into the colon A sphincter muscle separating the stomach from the small intestine Correct! Correct! A portion of chewed food swallowed at one time Question 2 1 / 1 pts How is food material moved through the GI tract? Through reciprocating motion Through rotary motion Correct! Correct! Through peristaltic motion Through jumping motion Through respiratory motion Question 3 1 / 1 pts Which part of the GI tract contains highly acidic digestive juices? The descending colon The esophagus The transverse colon Correct! Correct! The stomach The duodenum6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 3/23 The ascending colon The ileum The rectum Question 4 1 / 1 pts The release of bicarbonate ions by the pancreas is stimulated by the hormone... cholecystokinin insulin gastrin glucagon ghrelin Correct! Correct! secretin Question 5 0 / 1 pts What is the main physiological function of the stomach? To digest sugars. To absorb proteins. Y You Answered ou Answered To absorb vitamins.6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 4/23 orrect Answer orrect Answer To disinfect the food. Question 6 1 / 1 pts Which digestive enzyme can be found in the stomach? Correct! Correct! pepsin lysozyme carboxypeptidase amylase chymotrypsin lipase Question 7 1 / 1 pts The process by which food is broken down into absorbable components is called ____. mastication excretion absorption Correct! Correct! digestion secretion6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 5/23 adsorption Question 8 1 / 1 pts If someone is choking what do you have to do? Perform mouth to mouth resuscitation. Give the person water. Correct! Correct! Perform the Heimlich maneuver. Pat the person on the back. Question 9 1 / 1 pts Once the bolus enters the stomach, it is turned into what? hydrochloric acid lymph enzymes Correct! Correct! chyme Question 10 1 / 1 pts Where is the esophagus located?6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 6/23 Sideways and next to the trachea. Correct! Correct! Behind the trachea. Next to the duodenum. In front of trachea. Question 11 0 / 1 pts How many levels of folding exist on the surface of the small intestine? 1 level 5 levels 2 levels orrect Answer orrect Answer 3 levels Y You Answered ou Answered 4 levels Question 12 1 / 1 pts What is the role of lysozyme? It breaks down sugars. It breaks down proteins. Correct! Correct! It kills bacteria. It breaks down fats.6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 7/23 Question 13 1 / 1 pts What is the main physiologic role of the stomach? Digest lipids Absorb water Absorb sugars Correct! Correct! Kill microorganisms Question 14 1 / 1 pts Which of the following statements is true about the gallbladder? Correct! Correct! It stores bile and releases it into the small intestine. It secretes insulin and glucagon. It is located at the pharynx. It manufactures bile. It secretes digestive enzymes into the stomach. It secretes stomach acid. Question 15 1 / 1 pts6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 8/23 A person with chronic diarrhea is at risk for which of the following? Constipation Weight gain GERD Ulcers Correct! Correct! Dehydration Internal bleeding Question 16 1 / 1 pts One function of the pyloric sphincter is to ____________ . secrete hormones into the stomach secrete acid into the stomach initiate peristalsis prevent the contents of the small intestine from emptying too quickly into the colon prevent the contents of the small intestine from backing up into the stomach Correct! Correct! Question 17 1 / 1 pts6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 9/23 What is the name of the projections on the inner surface of the small intestine? Correct! Correct! Villi Colorectal polyps Intestinal colonnades Mesenteric vessels Cilia Gastrointestinal flagelli Question 18 1 / 1 pts The exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste materials in tissues takes place across the walls of small vessels called ____. ducts arterioles venules Correct! Correct! capillaries lymphatics microvessels Question 19 1 / 1 pts6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 10/23 The pH of the stomach is... mildly basic very basic mildly acidic neutral Correct! Correct! very acidic Question 20 1 / 1 pts What is the function of hydrochloric acid in the stomach? It induces a sense of satiety. It prevents relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter. It inhibits peristalsis. It neutralizes the food mass. It absorbs water. Correct! Correct! It kills microorganisms. Question 21 1 / 1 pts What organ produces glucagon?6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 11/23 duodenum kidneys brain liver stomach Correct! Correct! pancreas Question 22 1 / 1 pts Glucose is a... Polysaccharide Disaccharide Correct! Correct! Monosaccharide Question 23 1 / 1 pts The storage form of glucose in animals is... amylose starch Correct! Correct! glycogen fiber lactose6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 12/23 cellulose sucrose amylopectin starch Question 24 1 / 1 pts Which organ responds first to an increase in blood glucose concentration? the liver the brain the small intestine Correct! Correct! the pancreas the gallbladder the muscles the stomach the colon Question 25 1 / 1 pts Which enzyme breaks down starches? Trypsin Correct! Correct! Amylase6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 13/23 Pepsinogen Lactase Sucrase Maltase Question 26 1 / 1 pts What is a consequence of high blood glucose levels? Damage of the pancreas Damage of the muscles Damage of the skin Damage of the liver Correct! Correct! Damage of the capillaries Question 27 1 / 1 pts What is the underlying cause of lactose intolerance? There is too much lactase Sucrose cannot be broken down Correct! Correct! Lactase is missing Trypsinogen cannot be turned into trypsin6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 14/23 There is too much amylase Maltase is missing Question 28 0 / 1 pts Your sandwich contains 5 grams of fiber. How many calories are derived from this fiber? 15 kcal orrect Answer orrect Answer 0 kcal 45 kcal Y You Answered ou Answered 20 kcal Question 29 1 / 1 pts High glucose level in the blood is called... Hypoglycemia Correct! Correct! Hyperglycemia Isoglycemia Paraglycemia Question 30 1 / 1 pts6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 15/23 In which of the following tissues is glycogen typically stored? bone stomach and intestine adipose tissue pancreas and kidneys brain and red blood cells spleen and lymphatics Correct! Correct! muscle and liver Question 31 1 / 1 pts The enzyme salivary amylase breaks down... fiber. sucrose. Correct! Correct! amylose and amylopectin. glucose. Question 32 1 / 1 pts Which statement best describes type 2 diabetes? There is too little glucagon produced6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 16/23 Correct! Correct! The insulin signaling is broken – there is insulin resistance The pancreatic beta cells are dead The pancreatic alpha cells are dead It is a genetic autoimmune disease Question 33 1 / 1 pts High glycemic index foods are healthier than low glycemic index foods. True Correct! Correct! False Question 34 1 / 1 pts When glycogen is broken down, it becomes what? Correct! Correct! glucose lipids lactose starch Question 35 0 / 1 pts6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 17/23 What is the cause of Type 1 Diabetes? The entire glucose metabolism is defective. orrect Answer orrect Answer The pancreatic beta cells die. The pancreatic alpha cells die. Y You Answered ou Answered The insulin receptors die. Question 36 1 / 1 pts What is the function of HDLs? They transport lipids from the small intestine to the liver. They transport lipids from the liver to the body. They deposit fats into the lining of blood vessels. Correct! Correct! They transport lipids from the body to the liver. Question 37 1 / 1 pts Match lipoproteins to their transportation routes. Correct! Correct! Chylomicron From small intestine to the VLDL From liver to the body. Correct! Correct!6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 18/23 LDL Correct! Correct! Around the body. HDL From body to the liver. Correct! Correct! Question 38 1 / 1 pts What is on the surface of phospholipid bilayers? Glycerols Fatty acids Triglycerols Correct! Correct! Phosphates Question 39 0 / 1 pts Which one is inside of phospholipid bilayers? Y You Answered ou Answered Phosphates orrect Answer orrect Answer Fatty acids Question 40 1 / 1 pts The majority of fat digestion occurs in the ________________________ .6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 19/23 Correct! Correct! small intestine stomach mouth colon Question 41 1 / 1 pts Cholesterol is a precursor to what? Correct! Correct! Precursor to bile and to some hormones. Precursor to phospholipids. Precursor to triglycerides. Precursor to fatty acids. Question 42 1 / 1 pts How is cholesterol eliminated from the body? Through urine. Through sweat. Correct! Correct! Through bile. Through breathing.6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 20/23 Question 43 1 / 1 pts A fatty acid with several double bonds is called... Polysaturated Polynomial Correct! Correct! Polyunsaturated Polyphenolic Question 44 1 / 1 pts In your blood lipid profile report, which line will show the "good cholesterol"? Correct! Correct! HDL LDL VLDL Chylomicron Question 45 1 / 1 pts The average number of calories fats provide is _____ . 4 kcal/g Correct! Correct! 9 kcal/g6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 21/23 yep, they are calorie bombs! 6 kcal/g 0 kcal/g 2 kcal/g Question 46 1 / 1 pts Indicate which nutrients are essential and which are non-essential. Cholesterol Non-essential Correct! Correct! Correct! Correct! Omega-3 fatty acid Essential Correct! Correct! Omega-6 fatty acid Essential Correct! Correct! Triglyceride Non-essential Correct! Correct! Saturated fatty acid Non-essential Question 47 1 / 1 pts How are fats transported throughout the body? Via blood cells.6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 22/23 They float easily through the circulation. Correct! Correct! Via lipoprotein shuttles. Question 48 0 / 1 pts A double bond between 2 atoms can rotate about its axis. Y You Answered ou Answered True orrect Answer orrect Answer False Question 49 0 / 1 pts What is the role of phospholipids in the body? Lower the stomach's pH Build glycogen stores orrect Answer orrect Answer Make membranes Y You Answered ou Answered Digest proteins Question 50 1 / 1 pts The calorie content of cholesterol is... 4 cal/g6/6/2019 Exam 1: (Summer 2019-1) HUN1201: HUMAN NUTRITION 803 (33560) https://fsw.instructure.com/courses/1088610/quizzes/1661499 23/23 2 cal/g 9 cal/g 6 cal/g Correct! Correct! 0 cal/g Indeed, cholesterol provides no energy. Quiz Score: 46 out of 50 This quiz score has been manually adjusted by +3.0 points. [Show More]

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