*NURSING > EXAM > NR 341 Complex Adult Health Final Exam (All)

NR 341 Complex Adult Health Final Exam

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Indication for arterial line placement? Correct Ans= Hemodynamic monitoring Multiple blood samples Diagnostic or interventional radiology procedures Continuous cardiac output monitoring What test ... must be preformed prior to an arterial line placement? Correct Ans= Allen's test How often should a fast flush test be preformed? Correct Ans= Every 8 hours After blood draws If the hemodynamic status changes When changing tubing What are the most common sites for arterial line insertion? Correct Ans= Radial Femoral Axillary Dorsalis Pedis Brachial Arteries Positioning for radial arterial line placement: Correct Ans= 30-60 degrees of dorsiflexion with the aid of a roll of gauze and an armband. Avoid hyperabduction of the thumb. How often should the atrial line catheter be changed out? Correct Ans= Every 7 days Causes of inaccuracy in arterial line readings: Correct Ans= Air bubbles in the catheter system Failure to zero the transducer air-fluid interface Blood in the catheter system Blood clot at the catheter tip Kinking of the tubing system Catheter tip lodging against the arterial wall Soft, compliant tubing Long tubing Too many stopckcks (>3) What is the pathology of afterload? Correct Ans= The pressure in which the heart must pump against in order to eject blood during systole. Medications that reduce afterload/preload include? Correct Ans= Vasodilators What is the pathology of preload? Correct Ans= The filling pressure of the heart at end of diastole. [Show More]

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