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PROPHECY EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT RN A EXAM 2022

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What is the proper procedure for testing visual acuity? Correct Ans- The proper procedure for testing visual acuity is based on the usage of the Snellen test which has letters or symbols. The letter... s are arranged in rows and columns in the chart and they have different sizes. A 22-year-old man with sickle cell disease is brought into the ED by Campus Police from his local university. He is complaining of increasing pain to his bilateral lower extremities, consistent with his past sickle cell pain crisis. Which intervention would you expect the provider to order? Correct Ans- IV Fluids Normal Saline TPA would be contraindicated for which of the following patients? Correct Ans- 80 year old diagnosed with stroke 2 weeks ago A 24 year old female, who has recently received methotrexate for a tubal pregnancy, presents to the ED with severe abdominal pain. What would be the PRIORITY nursing intervention? Correct Ans- Prepare to go to the OR A 3 year old boy with a history of hydrocephalus with a cerebral shunt arrives to the ED with a fever of 102.0°F, an enlarged abdomen, tachycardia and hypotension. The patient is mildly lethargic, however is cooperative with the ED staff. Immediate treatment for this child should include: Correct Ans- Antibiotics and IV Fluids When caring for a patient who has received a massive blood transfusion, monitoring which of the following lab results is a top priority? Correct Ans- Ionized Calcium Level What medication would you anticipate administering to a six month old having an active tonic-clonic seizure? Correct Ans- Ativan Patient presents to the ED with a snake bite that occurred 30 minutes ago. The snake was identified as a poisonous rattlesnake. What medication would you expect the physician to order for this patient? Correct Ans- CroFab Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab (Ovine)A 26 year old male with a history of asthma presents to the ED with dyspnea, audible expiratory wheezes, substernal retractions, accessory muscle use, with BP- 145/72, HR -26, RR-32, O2 Sat 88% on room air. What is the FIRST treatment of choice for this patient? Correct Ans- Give albuterol and atrovent nebulizer with oxygen A 40-year-old man presents to the ED with shortness of breath and a headache, after being sprayed by pesticides while working on a farm. What is the FIRST nursing intervention? Correct Ans- Decontaminate the patient according to hospital procedure Four patients are being transported to the ED after a severe collision between a train and two motor vehicles. Which of the following patients should be triaged for FIRST treatment? Correct Ans- 28-year-old with respiratory distress and open chest wound A 53 year old female with a history of sarcoidosis presents to the ED after being rescued by firefighters from her burning apartment. She is currently alert and oriented, BP-115/78, HR-110, RR- 24, T-100.4 F, oxygen saturation 97% on room air. She is currently only complaining of a headache and her carboxyhemoglobin is 13%. What is the MOST appropriate nursing intervention? Correct Ans- Place on high-flow non-rebreather A 28 year old, obsterical patient presents at 38 weeks gestation status post motor vehicle collision. Upon arrival via EMS, you note she is on a backboard and ccollar is in place. What is the immediate nursing intervention for this patient? Correct Ans- Place patient in left tilt position A 36 year old male presents to the ED with an amputated hand. What should you do FIRST? Correct Ans- Apply direct pressure to extremity Of the following patients, which one needs referral to the closest burn center? Correct Ans- Partial-thickness and full-thickness burns involving the genitalia or perineum What are three signs of cardiac tamponade? Correct Ans Sharp pain in the chest [Show More]

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