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Final Exam Review Nurs 6531 Deck 1 2022

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Final Exam Review Nurs 6531 Deck 1 2022 What are signs & symptoms of SIADH (Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone)? - correct answer Increased production of ADH (antidiuretic hormone), hypon... atremia, concentrated urine (from excess water resorption), elevated urine osmolality, mental status changes from cerebral edema. Diabetes insipidus is associated with what sodium level? - correct answer Hypernatremia Psychogenic polydipsia results in urine that is: - correct answer diluted with low osmolality and hyponatremia How would you determine the cause of a patient's AKI who presents with decreased urine output, history of neurogenic bladder, chronic Foley, dark urine, and Cr increase from 1.3 to 2.1 over 3 months? - correct answer Flush the Foley catheter to see if urine comes out and assess the patency of the catheter. This action will unblock clogged sediment or biofilm from chronic bacteriuria. When a female patient presents to the ER after sexual assault, what medications should be offered prior to discharge? - correct answer Ceftriaxone, azithromycin, Plan B, and Metronidazole. Manifestations of Conn syndrome (hyperaldosteronism)? - correct answer hypernatremia, hypokalemia, and hypertension What causes Cushing syndrome? - correct answer Increased levels of glucocorticoids, can be exogenous (from therapy) or endogenous (from adenoma or neoplasm). Manifestations of Cushing syndrome? - correct answer hypertension, truncal obesity, osteoporosis, skin fragility, and hyperglycemia. What differentiates primary adrenocortical insufficiency from secondary adrenocortical insufficiency? - correct answer Skin hyperpigmentation is present in primary adrenocortical insufficiency What is Trousseau's sign? - correct answer A carpal spasm elicited by compression of the upper arm with a BP cuff that indicates hypocalcemia. [Show More]

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