SCIENCE 101 > EXAM > Psychology test 1 Graded A+ (All)

Psychology test 1 Graded A+

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WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEFINES HYPOTHESIS? - ANSWER tentative explanation PSYCHOLOGY REFERS TO THE ________ - ANSWER scientific study of the mind PSYCHOLOGY IS A SOCIAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINE. PSYCH... OLOGISTS SCIENTIFICALLY STUDY ________. - ANSWER the mind and behavior PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY FOCUSES ON ________ AND EARLY CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES. - ANSWER a person's unconscious WHO WAS THE FIRST PERSON REFERRED TO AS A PSYCHOLOGIST? - ANSWER Wilhelm Wundt WILLIAM JAMES WAS THE ________. - ANSWER first American psychologist BEHAVIORISTS STUDY ________. - ANSWER learned behavior _______ IS A PERSPECTIVE WITHIN PSYCHOLOGY THAT EMPHASIZES THE POTENTIAL FOR GOOD THAT IS INNATE TO ALL HUMANS. - ANSWER humanism WHAT IS ABRAHAM MASLOW BEST KNOWN FOR? - ANSWER proposing a hierarchy of human needs in motivating behavior WHO WAS THE FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO RECEIVE A PHD IN PSYCHOLOGY IN THE UNITED STATES? - ANSWER Francis Cecil Sumner WHICH ASPECT OF THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD OCCURS FIRST? - ANSWER hypothesis OR A SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION TO BE TESTABLE, IT MUST ALSO BE ________. - ANSWER perceivable and measurable HAR HEARD FROM HER FRIENDS THAT MARIJUANA USE CAN CURE GLAUCOMA SO IT SHOULD BE LEGAL IN ALL 50 STATES. CHAR KNOWS THAT SHE IS BIASED IN FAVOR OF MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION, SO SHE DECIDES TO EXERCISE SOME SKEPTICISM ABOUT THIS CLAIM. SHE RESEARCHES WHERE HER FRIENDS GOT THEIR INFORMATION, HOW RELIABLE IT IS, AND WHAT OTHER SOURCES SAY ABOUT LEGALIZING MARIJUANA. CHAR IS ________. - ANSWER thinking critically MARY SPENDS SOME TIME EACH DAY APPLYING THE PRINCIPLES OF STRUCTURALISM TO EXAMINE HER OWN CONSCIOUS EXPERIENCE AS CAREFULLY AS POSSIBLE. MARY IS ENGAGED IN ________. - ANSWER introspection FUNCTIONALIST PSYCHOLOGISTS FOCUS ON THE FUNCTION OF BEHAVIOR AND ________. - ANSWER the operation of the whole mind rather than the individual parts DR. BROWN NOTICED THAT ONE OF HER STUDENTS ADDRESSES HER WITH THE WORD MOTHER INSTEAD OF THE WORD PROFESSOR OR DOCTOR. DR. BROWN APPLIES THE PRINCIPLES OF ________, AND HYPOTHESIZES THE STUDENT MISSPEAKS BECAUSE HE IS UNCONSCIOUSLY ASSOCIATING HER WITH HIS MOTHER. - ANSWER psychoanalytic theory N MASLOW'S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS, THE ________ INCLUDE FOOD, WATER, AND SHELTER. - ANSWER basic survival needs LUCY WANTS TO STUDY CHANGES IN COGNITIVE SKILLS, MORAL REASONING, AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR ACROSS THE LIFESPAN. LUCY SHOULD SPECIALIZE IN ________ PSYCHOLOGY. - ANSWER developmental SPURLING ET AL. INVESTIGATED THE EFFECTS OF TWO VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES ON WORD RETENTION TWO WEEKS LATER. IN THIS EXAMPLE, LEARNING STRATEGY IS THE ________ VARIABLE AND WORD RETENTION IS THE ________ VARIABLE. - ANSWER independent; dependent KRISTA AND TATIANA HOGAN ARE PARTICIPANTS IN A(N) ________ OF CONJOINED TWINS WHO ARE JOINED AT THE HEAD. - ANSWER a case study IN A ________ STUDY, BOTH THE RESEARCHERS AND THE PARTICIPANTS ARE UNAWARE OF THE GROUP ASSIGNMENTS. - ANSWER a double blind ________ IS A REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS AS SOME DROP OUT OF THE STUDY OVER TIME. - ANSWER attrition WHAT IS A LIMITATION THAT AFFECTS THE GENERALIZABILITY OF RESEARCH RESULTS? - ANSWER small sample size ________ ASSESSES THE CONSISTENCY OF OBSERVATIONS BY DIFFERENT OBSERVERS. - ANSWER inter rater reliability GREEN ET AL. USED A ________ FROM THEIR ________ OF INTEREST IN ORDER TO MAKE A ________. - ANSWER sample; population; generalization ________ RESEARCH STUDIES THE SAME GROUPS OF PARTICIPANTS OVER TIME. - ANSWER longitudinal ________ RESEARCH USES PAST RECORDS OR DATA SETS TO INVESTIGATE RESEARCH QUESTIONS OR TO LOOK FOR PATTERNS OR RELATIONSHIPS. - ANSWER archival ________ MEANS THAT THERE IS A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TWO OR MORE VARIABLES. - ANSWER correlation A NEGATIVE CORRELATION MEANS ________. - ANSWER one variable decreases as the other increases A(N) ________ IS A VARIABLE THAT AFFECTS BOTH VARIABLES OF INTEREST AND MAY FALSELY GIVE THE IMPRESSION OF A CAUSE-AND-EFFECT RELATIONSHIP. - ANSWER confounding variable SANDRA STRONGLY BELIEVES THAT ATTENDING DAYCARE IS DETRIMENTAL TO CHILDREN'S DEVELOPMENT SO SHE DECIDES TO WRITE HER PSYCHOLOGY TERM PAPER ON THIS TOPIC. SHE DOES A LITERATURE SEARCH AND FINDS SEVERAL SOURCES SUPPORTING HER OPINION, BUT SHE FINDS THAT THE MAJORITY OF RESEARCH INDICATES THAT CHILDREN ATTENDING DAYCARE EXPERIENCE HEALTHY DEVELOPMENT. SHE WRITES A PAPER USING THE SOURCES THAT FIND NEGATIVE ASSOCIATIONS WITH DAYCARE ATTENDANCE. THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF ________. - ANSWER a confirmation bias THE ________ GROUP DOES NOT GET THE EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENT. - ANSWER control A(N) ________ IS A DESCRIPTION OF HOW THE RESEARCHERS WILL MEASURE THE VARIABLES OF INTEREST. - ANSWER operational definition RESEARCHERS ARE CONDUCTING A STUDY WHERE THEY HAVE CONCERNS THAT THE PARTICIPANT'S BELIEFS AND/OR THE EXPERIMENTER'S BELIEFS MAY SKEW THE RESULTS. THEREFORE, THEY CHOSE TO CONDUCT A ________ STUDY. - ANSWER double-blind SIMPLY EXPECTING SOMETHING TO HAPPEN CAN MAKE IT HAPPEN. THIS DESCRIBES ________. - ANSWER placebo effect THE ________ IS CONTROLLED BY THE EXPERIMENTER. - ANSWER independent variable DEVINE ET AL. ARE INTERESTED IN ASSESSING WHETHER ACTIVE VERSUS PASSIVE PLAY CAUSES A PREFERENCE FOR SWEET OR SALTY FOODS IN TODDLERS. THEY ASSIGN GROUPS OF CHILDREN TO EITHER AN ACTIVE PLAY, PASSIVE PLAY, OR NO PLAY GROUP AND RECORD THEIR FOOD CHOICES WHEN PRESENTED WITH A VARIETY OF SWEET AND SALTY FOODS. IN THIS STUDY, ________ IS THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLE AND ________ IS THE CONTROL GROUP. - ANSWER type of play; no play A SAMPLE THAT ________ IS MOST LIKELY TO YIELD GENERALIZABLE RESULTS. - ANSWER is large and randomly selected PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCHERS STUDY GENETICS IN ORDER TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE ________ THAT CONTRIBUTES TO CERTAIN BEHAVIORS. - ANSWER biology STUDYING CLOSE RELATIVES ALLOWS BEHAVIORAL GENETICISTS TO DETERMINE ________. - ANSWER the relative contributions of genes and environment in a population HUMAN EGGS AND SPERM EACH CONTAIN 23 ________, WHICH ARE COMPOSED OF LONG STRANDS OF ________. - ANSWER chromosomes; DNA POLYGENIC MEANS THAT MOST TRAITS ARE CONTROLLED BY ________. - ANSWER more than one gene _______ ASSERTS THAT OUR GENES SET THE BOUNDARIES WITHIN WHICH WE CAN OPERATE, AND OUR ENVIRONMENT INTERACTS WITH OUR GENES TO DETERMINE WHERE WITHIN THOSE BOUNDARIES WE WILL FALL. - ANSWER range of reaction THE SPACE BETWEEN TWO NEURONS IS CALLED THE ________. - ANSWER synapse PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATIONS ARE DRUGS THAT TREAT PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS BY RESTORING ________ BALANCE. - ANSWER neurotransmitter SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS (SSRIS) ARE DRUGS COMMONLY PRESCRIBED FOR ________. - ANSWER depression THE TWO MAJOR DIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM ARE THE ________ AND ________. - ANSWER central; peripheral nervous systems SENSORY AND MOTOR NEURONS OF THE ________ NERVOUS SYSTEM ARE ASSOCIATED WITH ACTIVITIES TRADITIONALLY THOUGHT OF AS CONSCIOUS OR VOLUNTARY. - ANSWER SOMATIC THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CONSISTS OF THE BRAIN AND THE ________. - ANSWER spinal cord THE ________ IS THE DEEP GROOVE THAT SEPARATES THE BRAIN INTO TWO HALVES. - ANSWER longitudinal fissure [Show More]

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