1. Where does the stimulus to breathe originate? A. Spinal cord B. Diaphragm C. Heart D. Brainstem 2. What is the proper way to measure an oropharyngeal airway? A. The nose to the xyphoid pr... ocess. B. From the center of the mouth to the angle of the jaw. C. From the tip of the nose to the lobe of the ear. D. By the size of the patients thumb. 3. During respiration, where does the process of the gas exchange occur? A. Trachea B. Aveoli C. Epiglottis D. Bronchioles 4. A conscious 32 year old complains of difficulty breathing. He is coughing while pointing to his throat. What should you do? A. Give four strong blows to the back. B. Place him supine and begin CPR. C. Encourage him to keep coughing. D. Administer abdominal thrusts. 5. A 34 year old female has fallen from a height of 10 feet. She is unresponsive with snoring respirations. What should you do? A. Use the jaw-thrust maneuver. B. Support her head and neck with a rolled towel. C. Attempt the chin-lift maneuver. D. Apply a cervical collar. 6. How much oxygen will a pocket mask on room air deliver? A. 92% B. 17% C. 10% D. 23% 7. An unresponsive 44 year old male has an oral airway and is being ventilated. He suddenly regains consciousness and starts to gag. What should you do? A. Insert a nasal airway. B. Request ALS to sedate the patient. C. Remove the airway and apply high-flow oxygen. D. Suction the airway and leave the adjunct in place. 8. Which of the following is a musical, squeaking or whistling sound heard in inspiration and expiration while auscultating lung fields? A. Gurgling B. Snoring C. Stridor D. Wheezing 9. A 29 year old male crashed his motorcycle. He is unconscious and the lower portion of jaw is torn from his face. He has gurgling respirations with bleeding into throat. What should you do? A. Insert an oropharyngeal airway. B. Perform a head chin tilt and apply a non-rebreather mask. C. Apply a nasal cannula and suction as needed. D. Apply a c-collar and administer blow-by oxygen. 10. You find a patient in the tripod position. What should you suspect? A. A cardiac emergency B. Gastrointestinal distress C. Respiratory distress D. A transischemic attack Scenario: 11. A 54 year old female is unresponsive and laying supine on the floor. What should you do? A. Obtain a set of vital signs. B. Insert an oral airway. C. Start CPR. D. Check for a carotid pulse. 12. What is the leading cause of infant and child death? A. Congenital defects B. Vascular stenosis C. Allergic reactions D. Respiratory arrest 13. What is the normal rate of breathing for an adult? A. 28 to 36 breaths per minute. B. 6 to 10 breaths per minute. C. 22 to 26 breaths per minute. D. 12 to 20 breaths per minute. 14. What is the coarse sound of fluid movement heard on inspiration called? A. Rhonchi B. Snoring C. Crackles D. Gurgling 15. What is the area where the base of the tongue and the epiglottis meet called? A. Vallecula B. Alveoli C. Carina D. Bronchi 16. A 57 year old female is found unresponsive in bed. How should you assess her breathing? A. Look for chest rise and fall. B. Apply oxygen via non-rebreather mask. C. Apply a pulse oximetry monitor. D. Look for changes in skin color. 17. Which tissues create the greatest surface area for gas exchange in the lungs? A. Trachea B. Bronchioles C. Alveoli D. Pleura 18. A 4 year old male is choking on a marble. He is coughing and drooling. What should you do? A. Perform 5 abdominal thrusts. B. Perform 5 back blows. C. Visualize and remove the marble. D. Coach him to cough. 19. Which of the following structures serves as a passageway for both the respiratory and digestive system? A. Trachea B. Esophagus C. Cricoid cartilage D. Pharynx 20. When providing mouth to mouth ventilations, what percentage of oxygen are you providing? A. 35 B. 100 C. 21 D. 16 21. The air that we exhale contains approximately how much oxygen? A. 6% B. 21% C. 35% D. 16% 22. A 20 year old male was involved in a motorcycle accident. He has bits of broken teeth and blood in his airway. After 10 seconds of suctioning his mouth there is still active bleeding. What should you do? A. Insert a roll of gauze to soak up the blood. B. Give two rescue breaths. C. Roll him onto his side. D. Remove the pieces of teeth with a finger sweep. 23. A 22 year old intoxicated male responds to voice by moaning. You note vomit in his airway, what should you do? A. Suction the mouth. B. Insert a nasal airway. C. Turn the patient on his side. D. Manually stabilize c-spine. 24. A 24 year old male is lying supine and is unresponsive. You have opened his airway with a head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver and determined that he is apneic with a bradycardic pulse. You attempt to ventilate, but are unsuccessful. What should you do? A. Check for a carotid pulse. B. Begin continuous chest compressions. C. Reposition the airway and give 2 ventilations. D. Attempt to give 2 more forceful ventilations. 25. What is the name of the tracheal ring that sits directly inferior to the larynx? A. Cuneiform cartilage B. Corniculate cartilage C. Thyroid cartilage D. Cricoid cartilage 26. Which structure contains the vocal cords? A. Larynx B. Trachea C. Pharynx D. Sternum 27. How much air is inspired in during a single inhalation? A. 200 mL B. 150 mL C. 500 mL D. 750 mL Scenario: 28. A 33 year old male has respirations of 22 per minute. How should you administer oxygen to him? A. Non-rebreather mask at 15 lpm. B. Simple rebreather mask at 4 lpm. C. Bag-valve mask at 8 lpm. D. Venturi mask at 8 lpm. 29. What is the normal tidal volume in an adult male? A. 1000 mL B. 350 mL C. 750 mL D. 500 mL 30. An unresponsive 64 year old male has a stoma. He is supine and apneic. What should you do? A. Assist his ventilations with an adult bag-valve mask and cover the stoma. B. Place a pediatric sized BVM over the stoma and ventilate. C. Obtain a set of vital signs and apply an AED. D. Apply a cervical collar and perform a jaw thrust maneuver. 31. What is the name of the smooth, moist epithelial layer that covers the lungs? A. Parietal peritoneum B. Visceral pleura C. Visceral peritoneum D. Parietal pleura Scenario: 32. Why is it important to avoid touching the back of the throat when suctioning? A. It causes the upper airway to spasm uncontrollably. B. It will cause contamination of the catheter. C. Tachycardia can occur due to vagus nerve stimulation. D. It can stimulate the gag reflex and cause vomiting. 33. Room air contains what percentage of oxygen? A. 21 B. 100 C. 36 D. 10 34. A 7 year old boy is found supine at the base of 15 foot high jungle gym. His teacher is unsure if he fell from the equipment. Vital signs are BP 100/90, R 0, P 42, SaO2 93%. What should you do? A. Open his airway with a jaw thrust maneuver. B. Start CPR. C. Insert an oropharyngeal airway. D. Open his airway with a head tilt-chin lift maneuver. 35. A 36 year old male complains of a sore throat with drooling. He is having difficulty breathing with stridor. His skin is pink and hot to the touch. What should you suspect? A. Pneumonia B. Bronchitis C. Epiglottitis D. Tonsillitis 36. What is oxygen deficiency in the body called? A. Hypoxemia B. Hyperoxia C. Hypoxia D. Hypercarbia 37. An 18 year old female with a suspected cervical spine injury has a significant amount of blood in her mouth. What should you do? A. Stabilize her head and suction her airway. B. Perform a jaw-thrust and finger sweep in order to remove blood from her mouth. C. Perform a jaw-thrust maneuver and attempt to ventilate her. D. Assess the her respiratory rate for no longer than 30 seconds. 38. Which of the following is the MOST common cause of airway obstruction? A. The tongue B. Trauma C. Laryngeal spasm D. Foreign bodies 39. A 4 year old male has snoring respirations. What should you do? A. Insert a nasopharyngeal airway. B. Perform a head-tilt maneuver. C. Insert an oropharyngeal airway. D. Gently shake to wake up the patient. 40. An 8 month old male is unresponsive to painful stimuli. Vital signs are P 50 and regular, R 8 and labored, and capillary refill is greater than 6 seconds. What should you do? A. Apply an AED. B. Administer oxygen. C. Assist ventilations. D. Start CPR. 41. A 21 year old male is having trouble catching his breath after exercising. He has a history of asthma. Vitals signs are BP 140/90, P 120, R 22. Lung sounds reveal inspiratory wheezes. What should you do? A. Apply a non-rebreather mask. B. Assist his ventilations with a bag-valve mask. C. Assist in administration of his metered dose inhaler. D. Apply a nasal cannula and obtain a pulse oximetry reading. 42. A 44 year old male involved in a car accident is in respiratory distress. What is the best way to assess his breathing? A. Count his respiratory rate for 10 seconds and multiply by six. B. Expose the his chest and palpate while counting breaths. C. Reposition his head and look, listen, and feel, near his face. D. Observe the rate as fast or slow and move on to secondary exam. 43. A conscious 18 year old male is bleeding profusely from his mouth. How should you position him? A. Sitting up and leaning forward. B. Leaning back with a nasopharyngeal airway. C. Lateral recumbent position with pressure dressing. D. Supine with knees flexed. 44. What is the name of the leaf shaped valve that prevents food from entering the trachea? A. Pharynx B. Bronchi C. Epiglottis D. Larynx Scenario: 45. A 36 year old female begins vomiting en route to hospital. You have rolled her on her side, but she continues to have secretions in her airway. How long shou [Show More]
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