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EMT Final Exam Questions with Correct Answers Latest Update

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EMT Final Exam Questions with Correct Answers Latest Update 833 - Your 36 y/o pt is unresponsive upon attempting to insert an OPA, the patient gags, You should A. Insert a nasal airway B. Suction... the oropharynx C. Reattempt using a smaller oral adjunct D. Insert a dual lumen airway ✔✔ A. Insert a nasal airway 903 - After air passes through the vocal cords during inhalation, which structure does it reach next? A. Trachea B. Epiglottis C. Alveolus D. Bronchus ✔✔ A. Trachea 906 - You are ventilating an apneic asthmatic pt with a BVM. The patient has inadequate chest rise. You should A. Decrease the rate of ventilations to 10/min B. Use an O2 powered ventilation device C. Increase the forcefulness of ventilations D. Increase the rate of ventilations to 20/min ✔✔ A. Decrease the rate of ventilations to 10/min 909 - A 72 y/o female pt is unresponsive following an ejection from a MVC, she has an open jaw fracture and a dialated right pupil. What is the best way to open this pt's airway A. Insert an OPA B. Perform a modified head tilt chin lift C. Insert a NPA D. Perform jaw thrust ✔✔ C. Insert a NPA 910 - A 4-Year-old female tracheostomy pt has pulled out her tracheostomy tube. The opening is partially obstructed with skin. You should A. Use a soft tip catheter and suction until clear B. Insert a nasal airway into stoma C. Wipe the area clean and perform mouth to stoma ventilation D. Cut the skin away from the stoma ✔✔ A. Use a soft tip catheter and suction until clear 908 - You are using a BVM and an OPA on an apneic pt. Suddenly it becomes difficult to ventilate. You should first suspect that A. The patients diaphragm has contracted B. The pt has an airway obstructionC. The Pt is becoming more responsive D. The pt's lungs have collapsed ✔✔ B. The pt has an airway obstruction 946 - A 60-year-old pt with stoma is apneic. You have been suctioning pink frothy sputum for 10 seconds and you continue to get more material. You should A. continue suctioning and have a partner ventilate through the pt's mouth B. suction until airway is clear C. stop suctioning and give a breath D. use a saline solution to moisten secretions and continue suctioning ✔✔ C. stop suctioning and give a breath 947 - victim of smoke inhalation has developed difficulty breathing. He does not like the smell of the mask you are using to deliver O2. You should A. Switch to a NC set to deliver O2 @ 6 LPM B. Restrain the pt and continue administering O2 via NRB C. Explain that the mask is very important and continue its use D. Administer blow-by O2 via Simple mask ✔✔ C. Explain that the mask is very important and continue its use 948 - An unresponsive 82 y/o pt is lying supine. Their airway is most likely to be obstructed by A. loose dentures B. Secretions C. The tongue D. Swelling of the epiglottis ✔✔ C. The tongue 949 - You are inserting an OPA into a 4 y/o pt you should A. Use a tongue depressor to keep tongue out of the way B. Use a head tilt chin lift C. Insert the tip pointing toward the roof of the mouth D. Use an airway that measures one size too small and rotate ✔✔ A. Use a tongue depressor to keep tongue out of the way 951 - Initial assessment reveals an alert adult pt who is SOB. He is seated in a tripod position using accessory muscles to breathe. Vital signs are BP 140/80 P 110, R 22 with crackles, SpO2 95%. You should A. Administer O2 via NRB B. Ventilate the pt with a BVM to slow respirations C. Administer O2 via NC D. Monitor pulse oximetry ✔✔ A. Administer O2 via NRB 952 When suctioning a patient, you should A. Suction on the way in for no more than 5 seconds B. Suction on the way out for no more than 15 seconds C. Suction on the way in for no more than 15 secondsD. Suction on the way out for no more than 5 seconds ✔✔ B. Suction on the way out for no more than 15 seconds 1139 - Which of the following is the most appropriate way to measure for an OPA? A. From the patient's earlobe to angle of the jaw B. From the center of pt's mouth to earlobe C. From the corner of the pt's mouth to the earlobe D. From the tip of pt's nose to earlobe ✔✔ C. From the corner of the pt's mouth to the earlobe 1141 - How should you ventilate an apneic adult pt? A. Perform mouth to mask ventilation 12 breath per minute B. Ventilate with a flow restricted PPV at 12-20 breaths per minute C. Ventilate once every 5-6 seconds with a bag valve mask D. Ventilate once every 3 seconds with a BVM ✔✔ C. Ventilate once every 5-6 seconds with a bag valve mask 1142 - Your pt was involved in a MVC he is unresponsive and you hear snoring respirations when he breathes. You should perform a A. Head tilt neck lift with c-spine stabilization B. Jaw thrust with c-spine stabilization C. Tongue jaw lift with c-spine stabilization D. Head tilt lift with c-spine stabilization ✔✔ B. Jaw thrust with c-spine stabilization 1145 - A 67-year-old female is short of breath and sitting in a tripod position. She is on home oxygen and has had a productive cough over the last few days. During your exam, you note that she is wheezing and breathing with pursed lips. SPO2 is 93%. You should suspect A. Anaphylactic reaction B. Obstructive pulmonary disease C. AMI D. Pulmonary embolism ✔✔ B. Obstructive pulmonary disease 1338 - Which of the following indicates the correct flow range and delivery percentage for NC? A. 1-6 LPM / 44% B. 10-15 LPM / 95% C. 2-8 LPM / 28% D. 2-4 LPM / 35% ✔✔ A. 1-6 LPM / 44% 1348 - Allowing for appropriate exhalation when assisting ventilations can reduce/alleviate A. The amount of air required to ventilate B. Secretions when suctioning the pt's airway C. Airway obstructionsD. Gastric distention- ✔✔ D. Gastric distention 1350 - Which of the following is TRUE about the insertion of an OPA? A. If properly inserted the OPA will keep the tongue out of the airway B. The OPA should be inserted until the flange rests below the patient's teeth C. The OPA is always rotated 360 degrees as it is inserted D. The OPA is measured between the patient earlobe and nose ✔✔ A. If properly inserted the OPA will keep the tongue out of the airway [Show More]

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