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LETRS Unit 6 |Questions and Answers. Rated 100%

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LETRS Unit 6 Quiz Questions and Answers The language comprehension domain of the Reading Rope does not incorporate which of the following?Correct Answermemorization Language comprehension become... s more important to reading success:Correct Answerafter third grade Which of the following is an example of a reading comprehension product?Correct Answeranswering a multiple-choice question True or False: The text base refers to the literal meanings in a given text.Correct Answerfalse The best time for teachers to guide students' thinking, as they construct a mental model, is:Correct Answerbefore reading, during reading, after reading True or False: Reading comprehension is difficult to assess through formal testing alone.Correct Answertrue Which of the following is not a variable in interpreting reading comprehension test results?Correct Answerstate benchmarks in reading proficiency True or False? Students who can answer multiple-choice questions about a passage without needing to read it are nonetheless exhibiting reading comprehension.Correct Answerfalse Behaviors that indicate problems with language comprehension include (select all that apply):Correct Answer-confusion about the main idea versus details of a story. -inability to maintain focus. -telling the events of a story out of order. Which of the following is not considered a strategy for informal observation of oral language comprehension?Correct Answerasking students "yes" or "no" questions about a text True or False? Background knowledge is not necessary in order for students to develop a detailed schema.Correct Answerfalse When preparing students to listen to or read a text, it is important to (select all that apply):Correct Answer-establish a purpose for reading. -preview key vocabulary words. -evoke or impart background knowledge Which of the following statements is not true about background knowledge?Correct AnswerIt applies to everything retained in short-term memory. True or False? Once a schema has been established, it is difficult for people to accept new information that contradicts itCorrect Answertrue In preparing to read a text about France, it would be most important for teachers to spend time building and drawing out students' background knowledge about (select all that apply):Correct Answer-the culture of France -where France is located, and its relationship to surrounding countries Which of the following is not a direct factor in text comprehension?Correct Answerthe ability to spell from dictation Readers who struggle with comprehension may also (select all that apply):Correct Answer-have insufficient working memory. -have divergent dialects. -lack experience with longer, more formal sentences A sentence with two complete thoughts that can each stand on their own has aCorrect Answercompound structure. true or false? Raising or lowering the voice while reading aloud can help students determine what kind of punctuation a sentence needs.Correct Answertrue Which of the following should students be taught first?Correct Answerthe specific jobs words are doing in sentences Which of the following is not correct? A text may lack coherence if:Correct Answerit is short. The sentences "They were asked to wait in the living room. They didn't." provide an example of:Correct Answerellipsis Which of the following words are examples of subordinating conjunctions? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-because -while Which of the following activities can be used to help students notice and interpret cohesive devices? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-Ask students to complete the unstated thought in sentences with ellipses. -Ask students to find cohesive devices that explain why, when, or how something occurred during a second or third reading. -Circle conjunctions in a text True or False: Teachers should not expect students to fully understand complex and compound sentences containing conjunctions until fourth grade.Correct Answertrue Which of the following is not an example of narrative text?Correct Answerscience textbook A child is normally able to explain character motives and internal states in a narrative by what age range?Correct Answer7-11 years Which of the following is not an element of story grammar?Correct Answerindex Which of the following are features of informational text? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-often written in present tense -logical format -density of new ideas and concepts The topic sentence "There are three main categories of clouds: high clouds, mid clouds, and low clouds" would introduce what kind of informational text?Correct Answerclassification Which of the following statements best describes an effective way to prepare students to listen to or read a text?Correct AnswerEstablish the purpose for reading the text and impart background knowledge. Which of the following describes a product of comprehension, rather than a process?Correct Answerverbalizing a summary or retelling of the text after reading Which of these statements is not true of students with specific comprehension difficulties?Correct AnswerThey rely less on context to guess at the identity of the words. Students with greater background knowledge of a text's topic are more likely to:Correct Answerremember more of what the text actually says. Which teaching strategy is most likely to help English Learners construct a mental model of a texts meanings?Correct AnswerProvide visual context for meaning—pictures, graphic organizers, objects, and/or actions. Which statement explains the most important reason why formal (standardized) tests of reading comprehension may be of limited value to teachers?Correct AnswerThey typically do not indicate where instruction should focus. Which statement is not true about how student understanding of syntax can affect comprehension?Correct AnswerThe ability to process sentence structure has little effect on comprehension. What technique would be most relevant for teaching students to comprehend the structure of a fictional narrative?Correct Answerusing a story grammar outline to make notes Which sentence is most likely to challenge younger students' language comprehension abilities?Correct AnswerUnless everyone can agree, we will not play there again. What activity would best create awareness of substitution as a cohesive device?Correct Answerhaving students underline words and phrases that mean almost the same thing With first-grade students, how much instructional time should be spent on English language arts?Correct Answer2 hours or more true or false? Teachers should depend heavily on the results of screeners such as Acadience® Reading K-6 Next to determine what skills should be taught to students.Correct Answerfalse By second grade, the most effective approach to teaching reading comprehension emphasizes:Correct Answer-phonics. -comprehension skills. -language study. Which of the following is not a criterion for high-quality text?Correct Answerrelevant to what's going on that day True or False: One test of a robust curriculum in grades K-3 is whether, upon walking into a classroom, an observer can tell what students are learning about.Correct Answertrue The students most likely to benefit from strategy instruction are those who (select all that apply):Correct Answer-are in grades four and above. -have acquired good decoding skills but aren't familiar with a particular strategy. The best time to employ strategy instruction is when:Correct Answerstudents are ready for it, in the context of lessons with a larger purpose. Which of these steps in the "gradual release of responsibility" of strategy instruction is out of sequence?Correct AnswerThe teacher models the thinking process by thinking aloud. True or False: Good readers tend to read on, even when the passage is not making sense to them.Correct Answerfalse "Imagine what would happen if the polar ice caps melted" is an example of what type of question?Correct Answercreating Well-designed questions (select all that apply):Correct Answer-are text-dependent. -focus on the "why" and "how" of a topic. Which of the following is an example of elaborative questioning?Correct Answer"Would you have reacted the same way the girl did?" "How do you know that she liked her new home?" is an example of:Correct Answerimplicit questioning. True or False: Teaching comprehension can be accomplished by testing students with multiple-choice questions after they've completed independent reading.Correct Answerfalse Pivotal points to ask questions include places where (select all that apply):Correct Answer-sentences connect to one another. -meanings of new words become clear. -students should grasp how the text's discourse is organized. What is the purpose of after-reading activities? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-They let students transform the information into a new format. -They help students see reading as more than a chore. -They check students' comprehension of key ideas. According to research, which practice is essential for building an enduring mental model of a text?Correct Answerreading the text multiple times with varied purposes Which of the following is an after-reading activity?Correct Answersummarizing the main ideas from the text According to research, what macroprocesses help students "own" the information from a text?Correct Answerselecting, ordering, and transforming the main ideas Why are after-reading activities effective?Correct AnswerThey reinforce the structure and purpose of the text. Which of the following statements is true?Correct AnswerTeachers should explicitly teach the text structure of both informational and narrative texts. When should teachers introduce the purpose of a text?Correct Answerbefore the first read Vocabulary activities before reading should focus primarily on which type(s) of language? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-Tier 2 vocabulary words -figurative language and idiomatic phrases An effective reading comprehension lesson will include (select all that apply):Correct Answer-an introduction of background knowledge needed to comprehend the text. -a graphic organizer that helps students visualize the structure of the text. -an after-reading activity to transform information from the text into a new format. -questions to ask during reading, tied to specific places in the text. Teachers should do all of the following during reading, except:Correct Answerexplicitly teach Tier 2 vocabulary words. All of the following are features of African American English except:Correct Answerspeakers often form sentences without a subject. What kind of vocabulary instruction may be appropriate for English Learners, but is not usually needed for native English speakers?Correct Answerdefinitions and examples for Tier 1 vocabulary words Which of the following statements about dialects are true? Select all that apply.Correct Answer-Dialects have rules for grammar and pronunciation. -Dialect speakers often have difficulty translating speech into print. What is code switching?Correct Answerthe ability to switch between a nonstandard dialect and Standard English depending on the situation Which is a best practice when working with dialect speakers?Correct AnswerBuild language awareness so that students can code switch between their dialect and Standard English. How should the balance of instructional time spent on foundational reading skills and language comprehension change between first grade and third grade for typical learners?Correct AnswerThe time spent on foundational reading skills should shift from about 40 percent in first grade to 20 percent in third grade. What criterion would be most relevant for selecting high-quality texts for reading aloud or for mediated text reading?Correct AnswerThe text has layers of meaning that can be explored through several readings. According to the National Reading Panel (2000) and several research analyses, which of these strategies is more effective than the others for developing comprehension?Correct Answerhaving students retell or summarize what they have read During a teacher-mediated reading of the fairy tale Little Red Riding Hood, which of these questions is most likely to facilitate construction of a mental model of the texts meanings?Correct Answer"What do we know about the characters so far?" If a high-quality, worthwhile narrative text has been read once, what is the most appropriate activity students should do next?Correct AnswerComplete a story frame that outlines major events. What is an effective way to help students construct a mental model of informational text?Correct AnswerPose queries during reading that ensure students are making the necessary inferences. What is the main advantage of letting students know ahead of time what kind of text (e.g., narrative, informational) they will be reading?Correct AnswerThey can anticipate how the text is organized and how the information is presented. What is a helpful approach when working with a student who is a heavy dialect speaker and who is having trouble comprehending the language in a text?Correct AnswerExplain the relationship between home language and school language in frequent, brief lessons. Which of the following teaching strategies is least helpful to English Learners?Correct Answerallowing them to avoid speaking in class if they are embarrassed Which is the most effective technique for supporting students' expressive oral language development in school?Correct Answerallowing them to avoid speaking in class if they are embarrassed approaches to beginning reading have always obtained better results with students in general, and are especially vital for students in lower 40 percent of the populationCorrect Answercode-emphasis True of False: English language arts should include two hours or more in first grade and at least 90 mins in second and third gradeCorrect Answertrue True or False: A person can only hold 7-10 bits of information in short term memoryCorrect Answertrue systematic, explicit instruction is also called ?Correct Answergradual release of responsibility The teacher's job is to facilitate student's construction of the mental model of the text's meanings.Correct Answerproductive struggle constant blendCorrect Answertwo or three constants together, but they keep their own sound. phoneme-grapheme mappingCorrect Answermatching sounds to letters/spelling phonological awarenessCorrect Answerawareness of speech sounds Phonemic AwarenessCorrect Answermanipulate the sounds code switchingCorrect Answerspeech can change based on circumstance or situation orthographic mappingCorrect Answermaking neurological connections between the sounds and letters in our brain sight vocabularyCorrect Answerwords we have already mapped, words we can recall what are the five essential components of reading?Correct Answerphonemic/phonological awareness, phonics, fluency vocabulary comprehension FricativeCorrect Answerhissy sounds where the air is not stopped affricativeCorrect Answerhissy sound that is stopped high frequency wordsCorrect Answerwords that occur frequently, many cannot be decoded. base wordCorrect Answerwords that can stand alone root wordCorrect Answerwords that cannot stand alone prosodyCorrect AnswerReading with expression soft /g/Correct Answermade by "g" followed by an e, i, or y and makes the /j/ sounds soft /c/Correct Answermade by "c" followed by an e, i, or y and makes the /s/ sound phrasesCorrect Answergroups of words syllableCorrect Answerpart of a word organized around a vowel coarticulationCorrect Answersounds smooshed together lexical qualityCorrect Answerhow well your brains dictionary is developed Constructed ResponseCorrect AnswerAnswer the following question from the "Chocolate!" article using the R.A.C.E.S. acronym: Describe how chocolate products have developed over time. Use these phrases: • Because.... • For instance.... • For example.... • The author stated.... • According to the text.... • From the reading I know that... Bloom's TaxonomyCorrect Answer• Remembering - Who was Goldilocks? • Understanding - Why didn't her mother want her to go into the forest? • Applying - Why did Goldilocks go into the house? • Analyzing - How did each bear react to what Goldilocks did? • Evaluating - Why were the bears angry with Goldilocks? • Creating - Do you know any other stories about boys and girls who escaped danger? think questionsCorrect Answerthose that address large, universal concepts and often begin with "Why"? "How come"? "I wonder"? Or they address large content areas. The answers to these questions are often long and involved and require further discussion and research thin questionsCorrect Answerare those primarily asked to clarify confusion, understand words, or access objective content. Questions that can be answered with a number or with a simple yes or no fit into this category. wonder questionsCorrect Answerquestions are naturally generated by children as they explore the world around them. Sometimes as teachers we stifle children's natural curiosity. Some questions can be answered; others cannot. The questioning is the purpose sincere questionsCorrect Answer• Questions we don't know the answers to ... • Questions we ponder and wonder about ... • Questions that require further research by both teacher and student ... assessment questionsCorrect Answer• Questions we know the answers to ... • Questions we ask in order to check or monitor our students ... Categorizing QuestionsCorrect Answer• Questions that are answered in the text - A • Questions that are answered from someone's background knowledge - BK • Questions whose answers can be inferred (text + background knowledge, read "between the lines") from the text - I • Questions that can be answered by further discussion - D • Questions that require further research to be answered - RS • Questions that signal confusion - Huh? or ? InferringCorrect Answer"bedrock" of all comprehension. We are constantly "reading the world" including reading faces, reading body language, reading expressions, and reading tone. Questions that lead to Inferential ThinkingCorrect Answer• What does "Hold fast to dreams" mean? • Could "Life is a broken-winged bird" mean that life is sad and miserable? • When dreams go, do you die? • Is this about a dream, like a sleeping dream? In the bookCorrect Answerthe answer is easily found and identifiable in the text; you can put your finger right on it in one place. Think and SearchCorrect Answerthe answer is found and identifiable in the text but you have to think and search for all the parts; you can put your finger right on it in different parts of the text. Author & MeCorrect Answerinterring the answer by combining what the author is saying in the text with what you already know about something. On my OwnCorrect AnswerResponding to a related topic or concept, but not directly from the text. What are the four types of QAR: question-answer relationships?Correct AnswerIn the book, think and search, author and me, on my own. [Show More]

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