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HIEU 201 Chapter 2 Quiz

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HIEU 201 chapter 2 quiz The biblical account of the Exodus identifies ________ as leading the Hebrews out of Egypt. a. Saul b. Abraham c. David d. Moses Under t... he rule of David's son Solomon, a. Israel reached the height of its power and prosperity. b. old tribal patterns gained renewed strength. c. the Israelites lost Jerusalem to the Philistines. d. Jerusalem decreased in importance. The Old Testament a. depicts demigods as its heroes. b. describes the efforts of the Jews to understand the ways of God. c. explores only human weakness and cruelty. d. is a record of ancient Jewish history compiled by research historians. The Hebrews thought of Yahweh as a. a universal spirit that resided in the elements of nature, such as the earth, the moon, and the sun. b. a superhuman deity who required food, drink, sleep, and sexual gratification. c. the great creator of the universe, who had then withdrawn entirely from earthly affairs. d. fully powerful and therefore fully free. Which of the following describes the Hebrews' relationship with the natural world? a. The Hebrews demystified nature by creating theoretical science. b. Nature was divine, and natural phenomena were invested with supernatural qualities. c. Natural phenomena were the result of God's handiwork. d. God was a part of nature and was thus affected by numerous natural forces like storms. In the history of the Hebrew people, the covenant has served to a. justify the exploitation and oppression of the weakest members of society. b. emphasize the unique relationship of God to the Israelites as a chosen people that had accepted God's moral code. c. emphasize the all-importance of the Hebrew nation over all other people. d. encourage the Hebrews to turn inward and take a very limited role in human affairs. The historical significance of Israelite law was that it a. demonstrated greater ethical awareness than other legal codes of the Near East. b. rejected protection of the widows, orphans, and slaves. c. embraced the idea that law should treat people differently depending on their wealth. d. introduced the idea of private property as the most important concept in society. The Hebrews regarded history as a. a process leading to a goal. b. a purely secular subject. c. a great cycle, with the same events occurring over and over again. d. the random result of human acts. During the flowering of the prophetic movement, the Hebrew prophets a. insisted that Yahweh would be pleased only by the observance of proper rituals and ceremonies. b. preached social responsibility and criticized those who emphasized accumulation of possessions and wealth. c. embraced parochialism and believed Israel's sacred mission was to focus on the chosen people alone. d. saw poverty and injustice as facts of life that would be futile to oppose. All of the following is true of universalism in Hebrew thought EXCEPT a. its contradiction of the narrow, tribal origins of Hebrew society. b. its concern for all humanity. c. its stress on the special nature and destiny of the Hebrews as God's chosen people. d. its emphasis that Israel was charged to lead in the struggle against idolatry. The first five books of the Old Testament are known as the a. Talmud. b. Tanak. c. Quintarch. d. Torah. The Hebrews originated in a. Palestine. b. Egypt. c. Mesopotamia. d. Canaan. During the eleventh century B.C., the leadership of Saul united the ________ Hebrew tribes in Canaan. a. twelve b. ten c. twenty d. two After the fall of Israel to the Assyrians in 722 B.C. a. thousands of Hebrews were exiled to Syria. b. many Hebrews lost their identity as the people of God. c. the prophets Isaiah, Ezekiel, and Jeremiah declared that the Hebrews had been forsaken by Yahweh. d. the Hebrews experienced an immediate return to their former power. The Hebrews' concept of Yahweh a. emphasizes the God's power as ruler of all and subject to none. b. shows that they were monotheists from their earliest days in Mesopotamia. c. is similar to that of other ancient monotheisms, such as the worship of Aton in Egypt. d. views Yahweh as one of many gods, all deserving honor and obedience by humans. Which of the following is a fundamental Hebrew belief about the individual? a. Human beings ranked equally with all other elements of God's creation. b. God desired his people to grovel before him and forbid them the capacity to take responsibility for their conduct. c. God did not create people to be his slaves. d. Human beings lacked the power to choose between righteousness and wickedness. The Hebrews' belief in moral responsibility resulted from a. an emphasis on the family as the source of morality. b. pride in oneself. c. an awareness of individual human beings as having free will to act. d. communal traditions. The Old Testament discussed slaves a. as human beings deserving justice and moral treatment. b. as deserving no protection. c. in the same way as all other ancient Near Eastern law. d. as the absolute property of the slave-owner, to do with as he wished. Under Hebrew law, within the family a. the father had supreme authority. b. women had full legal rights. c. women were treated as property. d. a divorce could be granted by request of either the husband or wife. The legacy of the ancient Jews includes all of the following EXCEPT a. the value Westerners place on the individual. b. the idea that all time is cyclical. c. monotheism. d. a fundamental component of Christianity. [Show More]

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