*NURSING > QUESTIONS & ANSWERS > Study Guide for Maternal-Child Nursing - E-Book (5th Edition) CHAPTER 4. Answers Fully Explained (All)

Study Guide for Maternal-Child Nursing - E-Book (5th Edition) CHAPTER 4. Answers Fully Explained

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A nurse reacts with anger because a woman who did not have prenatal care explains that she does not see pregnancy as an illness requiring medical care. The nurse’s reaction demonstrates: a. cultura... l diversity. b. ethnicity. c. ethnocentrism. d. fatalism. Answer as either true (T) or false (F). Permissive parents tend to discipline their children inconsistently. Choose the correct answer. A mother tells the nurse that she puts her 3-year-old son in a time-out chair in a corner for 3 minutes when he misbehaves. She asks the nurse if this is correct. The nurse responds: a. “You’re using time-out correctly.” b. “You should put the time-out chair in the center of family activity.” c. “I would increase the time-out to 5 minutes.” d. “Do you talk about the misbehavior while he’s in the chair?” Answer as either true (T) or false (F). Authoritarian parents permit compromises about rules. An example of a family that is classified as high risk is a(an): a. traditional family. b. single-parent family. c. adoptive family. d. family headed by adolescents. Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Redirection 1. Discipline helps parents to set limits for children to give them more security until they incorporate family values and self-discipline. Parents are usually judged by the behavior of their children. The manner in which the parents deal with their child’s behavior has an effect on the child’s self-esteem and future interaction with other people. Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Reasoning Choose the correct answer. A statement that uses effective reasoning techniques is: a. “You’re not being very nice when you throw toys at your friend.” b. “I wouldn’t throw that toy if I were you.” c. “I feel embarrassed when you throw toys at someone.” d. “I won’t let you play at your friend’s house if you throw toys.” Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Time-out Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Consequences Choose the correct answer. An 8-year-old child hit by a car has been in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a week. She has a lengthy recovery ahead. Both parents have been at her side since the injury. They have not been eating properly and look exhausted. An appropriate nursing diagnosis for this family would be: a. parental role conflict relayed to change in the environment. b. fear related to the child’s critical condition. c. ineffective family health maintenance management related to situational crisis. d. risk for impaired home maintenance related to lack of support. 1. Nursing process and the family: Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Behavior modification Briefly describe each of the following discipline measures. Corporal punishment Match the term with the correct definition. 1. coping a. The structure an adult sets for a child’s life 2. culture b. Belief that events are predestined 3. discipline c. Efforts directed toward managing or solving various events, problems, or stressors 4. ethnocentrism d. Any situation, positive or negative, requiring adjustment on the part of individuals, families, or groups 5. fatalism e. Family consisting of two generations (parents and children) living together more or less isolated from other close relatives 6. nuclear family f. The opinion that the beliefs and customs of one’s own ethnic group are superior to those of others 7. stress g. The sum of values, beliefs, and practices of a group of people that are transmitted from one generation to the next Explain how characteristics of cultural groups affect nursing communication. Southeast Asians a. Voice tone b. Eye contact Answer as either true (T) or false (F). An authoritarian parent discusses household rules with the child. Choose the correct answer. A Muslim woman is admitted to the postpartum unit after delivering a baby girl. Considering the culture needs of this patient, what should be included in her plan of care? a. Including meat with every meal b. Having only female nurses care for the patient c. Not putting ice in the bedside water pitcher d. Assessing for herbal use List problems that may be encountered by each of the following types of families. a. Dual income b. Single parent c. Blended d. Adoptive e. Multigenerational f. Same-sex parents g. Adolescent parents h. Families with substance abuse i. Families with children with special needs Choose the correct answer. The purpose of discipline is to: a. teach a child how to function effectively in society. b. establish the self-fulfilling prophecy. c. assert parental control over the child. d. transmit the family’s culture. A family is a single-income family consisting of the natural parents and their two sons, ages 4 and 2. The parents are in the process of getting a divorce. The mother will have custody of the boys, and they will move in with her parents so that she will be able to go back to work full-time. The boys will spend every other weekend and one night each week with their father. How can the children be helped through this transition? Answer as either true (T) or false (F). Children of authoritarian parents tend to lack self-confidence. In front of each family coping strategy, put “I” if the strategy is internal or “E” if the strategy is external. a . role flexibility e. using humor b. optimism f. seeking information from clergy c. social support system g. seeing spiritual meaning in events d. joint (family) problem solving h. joining self-help groups In front of each family coping strategy, put “I” if the strategy is internal or “E” if the strategy is external. a . role flexibility e. using humor b. optimism f. seeking information from clergy c. social support system g. seeing spiritual meaning in events d. joint (family) problem solving h. joining self-help groups Explain how characteristics of cultural groups affect nursing communication. Middle-Easterners a. Interpreters b. Paternalism [Show More]

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