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ARH 329 Final Study Guide

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Frankenstein and Dracula 1931 • Mary Shelley (Frankenstein) and Bram Stoker (Dracula) • Both have gothic and Romanesque styles • Universal Pictures • Dracula Style o Expression cubist st... yle, Gothic and Romanesque American Vaudeville 1860s • Definition of Vaudeville: skits, comedy, variety acts. Fundamental entertainment in America starting around 1860s • Burt Williams (1874 – 1922) o First major black star to cross the color lines in performing on the white stage o Performed in black face o Often performed with the Ziegfield Follies, became famous there o Campaigned for Black Rights • Ziegfield Follies o Glorified the American girl o Shows often had nudity in them • Minstrel Shows o Big Daddy Rice Origins of Tap Dancing 1930s – 1940s • Nicholas Brothers o Fayard Nicholas 1914 – 2006 o Harold Nicholas 1921 – 2000 o Known for flash dancing and aerobatics o 1930s and 1940s • Bill “BoJangles” Robinson 1878 – 1949 o Known for clarity of steps and slow pace o Nonchalant tap dancing o Very bug in American entertainment o 1930s Fred Astaire and Vera Ellen 1952 • Scene from “Bell of New York” • Extremely famous dancers of their time • Ellen could adapt her dancing to match any partner – considered to be the premiere female dancer of her time • Would dance till her feet bled • Fred Astaire associated with depression modern style (1930s) – streamline Art Deco Style 1924 – 1930s • 1924 – 1930; depression modern takes over • Focused on craftsmanship and quality • Mayan and South American architectural styles • Step effect • Very popular in France 1920 - 30s • Artist: Renee Lalique • Chrysler Building built in 1928 o William Van Alen 1882 – 1954 Clara Bow • High-energy performer • Known as the “It Girl” o Flat chested, super red lips, flapper style • Drank and smoke like a man • Not wearing hoopskirts and whale-bone corsets • Coined the American Flapper Style Art Deco Building 1920s • Art Deco as it spread across America: modernistic o Commercialized deco o Looks like deco “looks like $20,000, cost 20c” • Built in 1920s • No artist or building • On Main Street in Columbia, Missouri • Made to look very glitzy and stylized King Kong Movie Scene • Empire State building • Architects: o Raymond Shreive o William Lamb o Arthur Harmon • Tower used to tie blimps to it • Streamline style Fred Astaire 1899 - 1987 • Performed with Vera Ella • Famous dancer • Early principal partner: Ginger Rogers Buzby Berkley 1895 – 1976 foot light parade • Choreographer, director for Warner Bros. and MGM • Deco-dent style (wedding cake tier style) • Known for pure escapism • Taken away from stage into fantasy land • Geometric shape (tiered cake look) • Kaleidoscope shot Johnson’s Wax Factory 1936 • Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright o American Architect, educator, philosopher • Racine, Wisconsin • Depression Modern Style • Blonde, curved linear Designs by Loewy 1893 - 1986 • Raymond Loewy • From Paris, France • Depression Modern Style • Very streamline • Created a famous salon • Influenced designs like the Coca-Cola bottle; designed after May West Alfred Hitchcock 1899 – 1980 • Famous movie director and designer • Obsessively meticulous • Movies very suspenseful • 5 characteristics of Films: o Incompetence of police – arrest wrong man o Kammerspiele lighting o Appearance vs. reality – what you see is not how they are o Original Sin – hero always flawed o Characters have obsessions Caress of the Sphinx 1896 • Show dualistic vision of women as angelic women but also a monster • femme fatales • Ferdinand Khnopff (1858 – 1921) • Belgian Symbolist painter • Symbolist movement began as literary movement emphasizing internal psychological phenomena rather than objective descriptions of nature Orpheus the Painting 1893 • Delville (1867 – 1953) • Belgium Symbolist painter, writer, and oculist (eye doctor) • Frequently wrote about ideas but never discussed them; wanted to leave interpretations of paintings to the viewer • Symbolist movement focused in France and Belgium Mona Lisa with a Mustache 1919 • Duchamp • Put a mustache on Mona Lisa • Ready-Made art; takes something, adds something to it and declares it a new piece of art • Meaning of this: reflect on DaVinci’s homosexuality and sexual ambiguity of Mona Lisa • Major influence to Da-Da movement: reflects nonsense, anything can mean anything o Anti-authoritarian Melancholy and Mystery of a Street 1914 • Giorgio De Chirico (1888 – 1978) • Italian Pre-Surrealist Painter o Did not consider himself a surrealist • Known as father of Surrealism Paintings • Opposed modern art • Tilt-up perspective and ambiguity of sizes Persistence of Memory 1931 • Salvador Dali (1904 – 1989) • Paranoiac-Critical Method o When he would have nightmares, he would get up and draw them • Shows time through dead fish and single living flies and ants in painting • Spanish Surrealist painter • Timeless, sizeless, airless • Major themes in works: o Dreams o Unconscious o Time Spirit of the Dead Watching 1892 • Paul Gauguin (1848 – 1903) • French symbolist painter • Used a lot of bold coloring • Had a huge influence on 1960s • Post-impressionsim from France • Synthetism: used to describe this painting Campbell Soup One 1968 • Pop Art • Colors jump out at you • Designed by Andy Warhol Andy Warhol (1928 – 1987) • Designed Campbell Soup Can • American Pop Artist • “I want to be a machine” – expresses obsession with mass production • Works show clear precision of his form and lacked any visible reference to paint texture • Produced works that became iconic images of commercial and portrait • Considered to be anti-commercialism but still embraced commercialism Red, Blue, and Green 1963 • Ellsworth Kelly (1923 - ) • Minimalist, color-field painter • American painter associated with hard-edge color field painting • Color field popular in late 1950s – 1960s • French American Sculpture and painter Target with Four Faces 1955 • Jasper Johns (1930 - ) • Post-painterly abstraction • Hard-edged, Discipline line, Color saturation, Geometric • Primary colors at full strength • A-traditional • What is an object and is it still that object if isn’t used as such? Timothy Leary 1960s • Advocated LSD and mind expansion • Connected to surrealism • Harvard Professor in Psychology • Raise yourself to higher plain • “Turn on, tune in, drop out” Allen Ginsberg 1950s • Leader of beats in 1950s • Wrote poem “Howl” it was anti-commercialism • Funk Art: collage, described as sick, bizarre, sexual, rough, shawty • Followed Buddhists, heavily influenced him o His philosophy of living The Beatles as portrayed in Yellow Submarine 1968 • Mix of pop art and surrealism • Heavily influenced by Renee Magritte • Highly saturated color scheme, hard edges Loreena McKennitt • Canadian Romantic Musician • Pre-Raphaelite • Bonny Swan • Lady of Shallot The Scream 1893 • Edvard Munch (1863 – 19 • Post impressionist • Van Gogh and Freud • Worked with Max Reinhart in Berlin • Influenced German cinema • Dr. Caligari [Show More]

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